English SOL Institute Secondary Writing Strand Hope Cloud,

English SOL Institute Secondary Writing Strand Hope Cloud,

English SOL Institute Secondary Writing Strand Hope Cloud, Appalachian Writing Project, Wise County Public Schools Strategies for Teaching the New Standards 1 Secondary Writing Key Points in Secondary Writing Writing revolves around mode, purpose, audience, and process

Provide students opportunities to practice writing on demand, for shorter time frames, and over extended periods of time Each grade level has a composing/revision standard and an editing/grammar standard 2 Secondary Writing Key Points in Secondary Writing Teaching writing is an expectation of every grade, not only tested grades

Provide students with opportunities to compose using computers Self- and peer-editing opportunities for students are essential 3 Secondary Writing Key Points in Secondary Writing 6-8 writing emphasis is expository and persuasive writing 9-12 writing emphasis is argumentative, persuasive, and analytical writing

9-12 writing should produce a sound argument, address counterclaims, provide sound reasoning, and come to a just conclusion Strategies for Teaching Writing 5 Strategy 1: Scaffolded Writing Instruction Scaffolded instruction is based on the work of Vygotsky, who proposed that with an

adults assistance, children could accomplish tasks that they ordinarily could not perform independently. Scaffolding is a process in which students are given support until they can apply new skills and strategies independently. Larkin, Martha. "Using Scaffolded Instruction to Optimize Learning ." Council for Exceptional Children. (2002): Web. 11 Jun. 2012.

Students risk failure because of the lack of structure. The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precise the directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate. Wong, Harry K. and Rosemary T. The First Days of School. Harry K Wong Publications, 2001. 7 1a: Sentence Pyramids

Basic sentence Add a prepositional phrase Add adjectives and adverbs Add sentence variety (compound sentence, complex sentence, etc.) Add figurative language 8 *See slide 18 for explanation and example 1b: Handy

Guide to Writing Cloud, Hope. "A Handy Guide to Writing Paragraphs." Let's Write: 30 Strategies for Teaching Writing. Appalachian Writing Project. 9 Strategy 2: Using Technology to Plan and Draft Writing Beginning with the 2013 spring administration of grades 5, 8, and EOC SOL writing assessments,

Virginia students will complete all direct writing tests online. Teachers need to provide opportunities for students at all grade levels to plan, compose, revise, edit, and publish writing using computers. Virginia Department of Education. English SOL Resources. . 10 Why Use Technology?

A report from the National Writing Project and the College Board found that the use of Web 2.0 tools such as blogs, podcasts, wikis, and comics-creating software can heighten students engagement and enhance their writing and thinking skills in all grade levels and across all subjects. Prabhu, Maya T. "Technology a key tool in writing instruction." eSchool News. July 18. (2010). . 11

2a: SmartArt Graphic Organizers SmartArt is a tool found in Microsoft Office documents. 12 Prompt: In what ways has technology improved our lives?

Click here 13 2b: Interactive Online Graphic Organizers 82% of teens feel that additional in-class writing time would improve their writing

abilities 78% of students polled feel that teachers using computer-based writing tools would improve their writing abilities Lenhart, Amanda. "Writing, Technology, and Teens. Pew Research Center, 24 Apr 2008. Web. 23 Mar 2012. . *See slide 20 for explanation and example 14

Click here 2c: Drafting Online (VDOE) The VDOE website has an extensive list of online writing resources to help teachers better prepare students for the implementation of online direct writing testing. TestNav (online writing practice tool) Click here Virginia Department of Education. English SOL Resources.

index.shtml>. 15 *See slide 21 for example A Final Word The principal goal of education is to create men who are capable of doing new things, not simply of repeating what other generations have done. - Jean Piaget, Swiss cognitive psychologist

16 Works Cited Cloud, Hope. "A Handy Guide to Writing Paragraphs." Let's Write: 30 Strategies for Teaching Writing. Appalachian Writing Project. Larkin, Martha. "Using Scaffolded Instruction to Optimize Learning ." Council for Exceptional Children. (2002): Web. 11 Jun. 2012. . "Persuasion Map." Read, Write, Think. International Reading Association, 2010. Web. 11 Jun 2012. .

Prabhu, Maya T. "Technology a key tool in writing instruction." eSchool News. July 18. (2010). Web . Virginia Department of Education. English SOL Resources. . Wong, Harry K. and Rosemary T. The First Days of School. Harry K. Wong Publications,17 2001. Example of Sentence Pyramid The teacher sat. (Basic sentence) The teacher sat at her desk. (Add prepositional phrase)

The tired, weary teacher sat quietly at her desk. (Add adjectives and adverb) The tired, weary teacher sat quietly at her desk, but the stack of ungraded papers remained. (Add sentence variety in this example, a compound sentence) The tired, weary teacher sat quietly at her desk, but the stack of ungraded papers remained and stared her in the eyes / like an animal seeking its prey. (Add figurative language in this example, personification and simile) 18 Interactive Graphic Organizer

Lenhart, Amanda. "Writing, Technology, and Teens. Pew Research Center, 24 Apr 2008. Web. 23 Mar 2012. . 19 Drafting Online (VDOE) Virginia Department of Education. English SOL Resources. .

20 Contact Information Hope Cloud [email protected] 21 Disclaimer Reference within this presentation to any specific commercial or non-commercial product, process, or service by trade

name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply an endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the Virginia Department of Education. 22

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