OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Energy in Agriculture On-Farm

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Energy in Agriculture On-Farm

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Energy in Agriculture On-Farm Energy Consumption, Production, and Emerging Issues Ag Credit Seminar Moving Your Farm Forward December, 2017 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Program Overview Introduction to Energy in Agriculture Leasing Agricultural Land for Energy Development Distributed Energy Generation Projects in Agriculture Additional Resources 2

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Introduction to Energy in Agriculture OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Summary of Survey Findings Question: Please indicate your level of concern regarding current or future energy prices for the following energy sources on your farm. Number of Responses 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Electricity Propane A Great Deal A Little Natural Gas A Lot Not At All

Diesel Fuel Other Fuels A Moderate Amount Does Not Apply to My Farm 4 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Energy Production and Consumption in Agriculture In 2014, the agricultural sector consumed 1,714 trillion BTUs of energy. An estimated 57,000 farms were engaged in producing renewable energy, providing electricity to power their farm. Roughly 6% of US farms averaged $56,000 in leasing royalty payments from energy production. Approximately 10,000 farms leased they're wind rights as part of a utility scale windfarm.

Nearly 35% of active U.S. farms and ranch land was located in counties overlaying a shale play. Source: USDA Economic Research Service Report, Trends in U.S. Agriculture Consumption and Production of Energy: Renewable Power, Shale Energy, and Cellulosic 5 Biomass. OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION On-Farm Energy Production Source: USDA Economic Research Service Report, Trends in U.S. Agriculture Consumption and Production of Energy: Renewable Power, Shale Energy, and Cellulosic Biomass. 6 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PUCO Certified Renewable Energy Facilities in Ohio by Type Solar = 2,448 Wind = 40 Biomass = 39 Hydroelectric = 2 Solid Waste = 2

Source: Ohio's renewable energy portfolio standard. 7 Source: www.nrel.gov. 2016 www.puco.ohio.gov Updated February, November, 2017 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Leasing Agricultural Land for Energy Development OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Leasing Land for Wind Farm Development Ohio Wind Projects Greater than 5 MW 2009: 2011: 2011: 2015:

2017: American Municipal Power / OMEGA JV 6 7.2 MW Blue Creek Wind Farm 304 MW Paulding Wind Farm II 99 MW Trishe Wind Ohio 100 MW Paulding Wind Farm III - 100.8 MW Source: Ohio's renewable energy portfolio standard. www.puco.ohio.gov Updated November, 2017 9 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Leasing Land for Wind Farm Development in Ohio Source: Ohio's renewable energy portfolio standard. 10 www.puco.ohio.gov Updated November, 2017 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Leasing Land for Solar Farm Development Ohio Solar Projects greater than 5 MW 2009: Wyandot Solar Facility 12 MW 2011: BNB Napoleon Solar LLC 9.7 MW 2017: DG AMP Solar Bowling Green 28.7 MW Vinton Solar Center (PUCO Case # 17-0774-EL-BGN)

125 megawatts / approximately 1,950 acres Hardin Solar Facility (PUCO Case # 17-0773-EL-BGN) 150 megawatts / approximately 1,115 acres Hillcrest Solar Farm (PUCO Case # 17-1152-EL-BGN) 125 megawatts / approximately 2,100 acres Source: Ohio's renewable energy portfolio standard. 11 www.puco.ohio.gov Updated November, 2017 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Leasing Land for Energy Development - Lessons Learned Wind lease allows to continue farming while solar often converts land use. Lease typically fixed amount not influenced by system production Wind lease typically pay amount per turbine Solar lease typically pays based on amount per acre Who is offering the contract? Development vs. operational lease

Taxation issues, CAUV, future use of property/access, surface/subsurface water, project decommissioning, insurance, maintenance This is a long term commitment, do your homework! OSU Extension's Agricultural & Resource Law Program (farmoffice.osu.edu) Attorney with experience with energy contracts Accountant/financial advisor Ohio Farm Bureau 12 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Distributed Energy Generation Projects in Agriculture OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Is Wind or Solar Best for my Farm? Photo by Warren Gretz, NREL 09614 https://images.nrel.gov 14 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

PUCO Certified Renewable Energy Facilities in Ohio by Type Solar = 2,448 Wind = 40 Biomass = 39 Hydroelectric = 2 Solid Waste = 2 Source: Ohio's renewable energy portfolio standard. 15 Source: www.nrel.gov. 2016 www.puco.ohio.gov Updated February, November, 2017 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Mid-Sized Wind Development in Ohio 1. Cooper Farms 4.5 MW 2. Haviland Plastic Products 4.5 MW 3. Marathon/Harpster Wind - 1.5 MW 4. Ball Corp./Zephyr Wind - 4.5 MW 5. Whirlpool Corp. (Findlay) - 3 MW 6. Whirlpool Corp. (Marion) 4.5 MW

7. Whirlpool Corp. (Greenville) 4.5 MW 8. Whirlpool Corp. (Ottawa) 1.5 MW 9. Valfilm 3 MW Source: Ohio's renewable energy portfolio standard. 16 www.puco.ohio.gov Updated November, 2017 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 17 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Business Energy Investment Tax Credit by Type (Source: dsireusa.org) Technology 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022

Future Years PV, Solar Water Heating, Solar Space Heating/Cooling, Solar Process Heat 30% 30% 30% 30% 26% 22% 10% 10% Hybrid Solar Lighting, Fuel Cells, Small Wind 30%

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Geothermal Heat Pumps, Microtubines, Combine Heat and Power Systems 10% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

N/A N/A Geothermal Electric 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% Large Wind 30% 24% 18%Public12%

N/A of Ohio. N/A N/A N/A Source: Utilities Commission Report reflects approved cases through Friday, July 29, 201618 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Small Scale Wind Generators 2012 - UNL installed small wind & solar to research reliability: 5 kW Evance turbine on a monopole tilt up tower 6 kW Eoltec turbine on a guy wired tilt up tower 6 Solar panels, 230 Watts each 2014 - the two blade Eoltec turbine had a broken disk which connected the shaft to the generator. 2015 - Evance turbine inverter shut down due to over voltage. Source: University of Nebraska Extension, (2012-2015) Wind Turbines and Solar Array's at Haskell Ag Lab What We've Learned. 19 www.cropwatch.unl.edu/bioenergy/sustainable-energy-options OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Distributed Generation Renewable Energy Estimate Operations and Maintenance Costs ($ per/kW) $100

$90 $80 $70 $60 $50 $40 $30 $20 $10 $0 PV $21 $19 $19 $16 kW kW kW W M

0 <1 PV 1 10 0 0 PV 1 1 0 0 00 0 , PV 1 0

1 in W d $40 $35 $31 $33 kW kW kW W M 0 <1 d in W

1 10 0 0 in W d 00 0 1 0 10 in W d 10 1 20

Source: www.nrel.gov. February, 2016 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Distributed Generation Renewable Energy Installed Costs ($ per/kW) 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 $3,897 1,000 0 PV 0 1 < Source: www.nrel.gov. February, 2016 $7,645 $6,118 $3,463 kW

PV 1 1 0 00 kW PV 1 00 1, $3,751 $2,493 $2,025 kW W M

0 0 0 PV 10 1 in W $2,346 d 0 <1 kW d in W 1 1 0

00 kW in W d 0 0 10 0 0 1 kW in W d 10 1 W M

21 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Additional Resources g o . o s u . e d u / f a r m e n e r g22y OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Thank You! Eric Romich Field Specialist, Energy Development OSU CFAES, Department of Extension 109 S. Sandusky Ave Upper Sandusky, OH 43351 419-294-4931 Office 419-310-8147 Mobile [email protected] 23

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