Surendran. K [email protected] Phylum : Annelida Class :

Surendran. K Surendranaduthila@gmail.com Phylum : Annelida Class :

Surendran. K [email protected] Phylum : Annelida Class : Oligochaeta

Genus : Species : mauritii Megascolex

NEGATIVELY PHOTOTACTIC NOCTURNAL LOCOMOTION BURROWING FEEDING BREEDING REGENERATION Earthworms are terrestrial animals inhabiting the

moist soil. They are usually found in the upper layer of soil to a depth of 30-40cm. They are nocturnal and in day time they live in the burrows.During rainy season they come out and crawl on the ground. During winter they close the burrows by leaves and debris. This is to warm the burrows. Their presence is marked by the occurrence of worm cast, the faecal deposit of earthworm. There are about 500 species of earthworm. Of which 13 are found in India. Common varieties are Pheretima and Lumbricus

A fully grown earthworm measures about 150mm in length and 3-5mm width The body is cylindrical and elongated. The anterior end is pointed , while the posterior end is rounded.

EARTHWORM Body Segments Prostomium Peristomium 14-16 segments: Clitellum Glandular tissue covering Metameres 100-120 Dorsal side- dark mid dorsal

line Ventral side- genital openings Ant. End- Mouth, Prostomium, Peristomium Body apertures 1. Spermathecal Pores

2. Female genital Pores 3. Male genital pores 4.

Nephridiopores 5. Dorsal pores 6. Anus

Cuticle, Epidermis, Two muscle layers, Coelomic Epithelium The body wall is covered externally by a thin noncellular cuticle. It is followed by two muscle layers and an inner most coelomic epithelium.The epidermis consists of single layer of columnar

cells.Secretory gland cells are also found among the columnar cells All segments except first and last bear a ring of microscopic S-shaped chitinous setae ,help in locomotion.by gripping on the soil T.S. of bodywall showing Setae

Digestive system It is a straight tube and runs from the first to the last segments. It consists of mouth(peristomium),buccal cavity , pharynx, oesophagus,a muscular gizzard, stomach, intestine and anus

Circulatory system In earthworm ,the circulation is closed type.The circulatory system consists of heart, blood vessels, capillaries and blood glands Excretory system Nephridia Segmentally arranged nephridia are the excretory

organs. There are three types of nephridia septal, integumentary and pharyngeal. The nervous system consists of segmentally arranged ganglia and a ventral nerve cord. A ganglion is a mass of nerve cells.

Nerve ring Ventral Nerve cord Sense Organs Earthworm is hermaphrodite or bisexual . Male reprodutive organs Testis

Seminal vesicles Semimal funnels Vasa differentia Prostate glands Reproductive system Female reproductive system

Ovaries Oviduccal funnels Oviducts Spermatheca [email protected] WORM CAST VERMI COMPOSTING FOOD

MEDICINE thanks SURENDRAN. K This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a

thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.

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