A Basic Celtic Timeline Pelagiu s D.circa 350

A Basic Celtic Timeline Pelagiu s D.circa 350

A Basic Celtic Timeline Pelagiu s D.circa 350 David D.circa 589 Hilda D. 680 Ninian D.circa 432 Columba D. 597 Patrick Brigid D.circa 461 Augustine D.circa 500 Columbanus D.circa 601 CaedmonCuthbert D.circa 680 D.circa 687 D. 615 Bed e b. 673 Finnian D circa 549 Fursey D.634 Brenda n D circa 577 Aidan D. 651 A Celtic Chronology BCE (BC) 500 BC Celts emerged as a distinct race from Central Europe c. 400 Celts plunder Rome 55/54 Julius Caesar reconnaissance of Britain

CE (AD) c40 40/50 43 60 ?Joseph of Aramathea in Glastonbury Paul converts the Galatians Romans invade Britain Boudicca is military commander of Icenes leads rebellion 71 Romans start moving into Scotland 117 Rebellions in the North - Hadrians Wall 178 Irenaeus leader of Christian community in Lyon c180 Roman villa near Gloucester with Christian monograms 200 Tertullian writes of places in Britain that have yielded to Christ 313 Conversion of Emperor Constantine; Edict of Milan 314 Council of Arles - Bishop of London, York and ?Colchester present 315-373 Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers; first Celtic influential churchman 325 c354 c371 388 394 397 c400 410 416 c418 C425 429 431 435 444 c450 455 c480 c486 c486 c490 Athanasius reports that British church accepts decision of Nicaea Birth of Pelagius Martin elect Bishop of Tours, founds monastic community Emperor Maximus killed; Welsh wife Elen returns to Wales Pelagius in Rome Death of Martin Christian Community founded at Whithorn Sack of Rome by Vandals. Roman army leaves Britain Council of Carthage - Pelagius condemned Birth of Patrick (perhaps in Dumbarton Birth of Illtyd Sack of Carthage by vandals

Death of Augustine of Hippo Palladius sent as Bishop to the Christians in Ireland Patrick in Ireland The Church in Rome accepts the Alexandrian computation of the date of Easter Ninian at Whithorn / Candida Casa Birth of Brigid in Ireland Birth of Benedict in Ireland Birth of Samson in Britain Birth of Brendan in Ireland Britain attacked by Angles, Saxons, Jutes A Celtic Chronology 493 Death of Patrick 498 Kings of Dalriada migrate to Kintyre Late 5th C Illtyd founds large monastic school at Llantwit Major 505 Death of Illtyd c516 Battle of Badon Hill Arthur defeats the AngloSaxons? 521 Samson becomes Bishop Birth of Comulba (Columcille) in Ireland 524 Death of Brigid, Abbess of Kildare 530 - 560 Travels of Brendan the Voyager 533 Kentigern baptised folk at Calbeck well c537 ?Death of Arthur at Battle of Canlann 540 Gildas writes The Ruin of Britain c540 David becomes Bishop of Caerleon 543 Death of Petroc of Cornwall 543 Birth of Columbanus in Ireland 546 Columbas first monastic settlement in Derry 547 Ida founds Anglian kingdom of Bernicia with capital at Bamburgh 557 Foundation of Monastery of Bangor by Comgall 560 Death of Samson c561 Foundation of Monastery of Clonfert by Brendan C562 Foundation of Monastery of Lismore by Moluag 565 Columba founds monastery on Iona c 573 Battle of Ardderyd (referred to in Welsh ballads) the Christian King of the Cumbri, 577 Death of Brendan 560 - 580 North Atlantic Travels of Cormac c589 Death of David 591 Columbanus begins continental mission 597

Death of Columba, June 9th Augustine arrives in Kent, sent by Pope Gregory the Great in mission to Angles 601 Further Roman mission, including Paulinus 603 Conference of British Bishops and Abbots with Augustine of Canterbury by 609 Death of Augustine 613 Columbanus founds monastery at Bobbio 614 Birth of Hilda 615 Death of Columanus 616 Edwin of Deira defeats Ethelfrith of Bernicia. Ethelfriths sons (including Oswald) flee to Argyll, educated on Iona. 617 Edwin established as king north of the Humber(Northumbria) Chase (Doncaster). Ethelburgh and Paulinus flee to Kent Osric becomes king of Deira; Eanfrith returns from Iona and becomes king of Bernicia. Both apostasize. In further fighting both are killed by Cadwallon. Death of Fursey 618 St Donan killed on Eigg by ?Vikings 624 Birth of Adomnan, Abbot of Iona, Columbas biographer 625 Marriage of Edwin of Northumbria and Ethelburgh of Kent; Ethelburh brings Bishop Paulinus with her to Bamburgh A Celtic Chronology 626 627 628 630 633 634 635 636 642 651 Eanfled, daughter of Edwin and Ethelburh, baptised, with twelve others. Edwin converts and is baptised at York. Mass baptisms, including Hilda (now aged 13) Paulinus baptising at Yeavering Birth of Benedict Biscop Fursey of Ireland founds monastery in East Anglia Cadwallon of Gwynned and Penda of Mercia attack and kill EEdwin at Battle of Hatfield Oswald plants cross in the soil and defeats Cadwallon at Battle of Heavenfield. Becomes king of the united kingdoms of Deira and Bernicia.

Birth of Wilfrid Birth of Cuthbert Mission of Corman to Bernicia - Mission fails Aidan consecrated Bishop on Iona and sent to Northumbria, bases his mission on Lindisfarne. Goes on to found monastery at Melrose and other northern sites; encourages Hilda to the religious life. South of Ireland accepts Roman Order Oswald killed by Penda at Oswestry Oswy (Oswalds younger brother) becomes king of Bernicia. Oswin becomes King of Deira and close friend of Aidan Oswin killed at instruction of Oswiu Wilfred and Benedict Biscop visit Rome Cedd evangelizes the East Saxons and becomes their bishop. Builds stone church at Bradwell (Essex) 654 Cuthbert becomes guest-master at newly founded monastery at Ripon 655 Repentant Oswy unites Deira and Bernicia Penda killed. Mercia open to the Gospel 657 Wilfrid and kings son Alcfrith move Cuthbert and his abbot Eata from Ripon they return to Melrose. Wilfrid becomes Abbot of Ripon and introduces Benedictine rule. 659 Cedd builds monastery at Lastingham and becomes first Abbot 661 Colman bishop at Lindisfarne 662 Boisil dies of plague; Cuthbert becomes Prior of Melrose; engages in missionary journies. 664 Synod of Whitby chaired by King Oswy Colman resigns as Bishop of Lindisfarne and returns to Iona Cedd and his brother ynebil die of plague Chad becomes Bishop of York, based at Lastingham Cuthbert becomes Prior of Lindisfarne 666 Wilfrid consecrated Bishop in Gaul 668 Theodore of Tarsus becomes Archbishop of Canterbury c664-669 Cummenes Life of Columba 669 Theodore reconsecrates Chad and moves him to Lichfield Wilfrid becomes Bishop of 652 653 A Celtic Chronology Benedict Biscop founds monastery at Wearmouth 676 Cuthbert becomes hermit on the island of Inner Farne 679 Adomnan becomes Abbot of Iona 680 Death of Hilda, November 17th Death of Caedmon, poet of Whitby 681 Benedict Biscop founds monastery at Jarrow 684 Cuthbert appointed Bishop ofLindisfarne, after persuasion by King Ecgfrith and is consecrated (March 26th 685) at York by Archbishop Theodore 685 Death of Ecgfrith in battle of Nechtansmere Aldfrith, scholar and artist, becomes King of Northumbria 686 Cuthbert returns to Inner Farne 687 Death of Cuthbert , March 20th

688 Eadbearht becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne c.692 Adomnans Life of Columba written 697 Adomnans Law of Innocents, safeguarding women and children from violence, confirmed at synod of Birr, Ireland. 698 Translation of Cuthberts body, found uncorrupted. Death of Bishop Eadbearht Eadfrith becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne 700 Life of Cuthbert written by an anonymous monk of Lindisfarne 700 Writing of the Lindisfarne Gospels by Eadfrith 704 Death of Adomnan on Iona 705 John becomes Bishop of York 709 Death of Bishop Wilfrid 674 Ethelwald (who bound the Lindisfarne Gospels) appointed Bishop of Lindisfarne 729 Death of Bishop Ecgbert on Iona 731/2 The Ecclesiastical History of the English People completed by Bede 735 Death of Bede 755 Roman order accepted in Wales 721 793 First Viking raid on Lindisfarne - Viking Age dated from this raid. 794 Viking raids across the Scottish islands 795 Iona sacked 802 Iona monastery burned to ground 806 Viking raid on Iona -68 monks killed at Martyrs Bay 807 Ionan Community moved to Kells 825 Blathmac martyred by Vikings on Iona 847-858 Kenneth macAlpin, King of the Scots 875 Suggested date for the abandonment of Lindisfarne by Bishop Eardulf and the community. Cuthberts coffin and the Lindisfarne Gospels taken on 7 year journey, ending in Chester le Street Hebridean Norse migrate to Iceland 989 Viking raids in Wales; St Davids, Llanilltyd and Llancararn all burnt 995 Viking presssure uproots Cuthberts People, who take his remains to Ripon, and then to Durham 998 Church built in Durham to house Cuthberts relics A Celtic Chronology 1066 Last Viking raid in England - William of Normandy (2nd generation Viking) takes the English crown 1069 Ethelwine, last of the Saxon Bishops, takes Cuthberts relics back to Lindisfarne, to escape King William. Returned them to Durham in 1070 1093 Durham Cathedral and Lindisfarne Priory founded Cuthberts relics investigated and found uncorrupted in 1104 and 1537. Last opening of coffin in 1827; body decayed. 1537 Lindisfarne Priory dissolved by Henry VIII

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