Impairment in groundwater systems/Hays water transfer GMD 3
Impairment in groundwater systems/Hays water transfer GMD 3 annual meeting March 8, 2017 David Barfield, Chief Engineer Division of Water Resources
Kansas Department of Agriculture Kansas Water Appropriations Acts fundamental charge to the Chief Engineer K.S.A. 82a-706: The Chief Engineer shall enforce and administer the laws of this state pertaining to the beneficial use of water and shall control, conserve, regulate, allot and
aid in the distribution of the water resources of the state for the benefits and beneficial uses of all its inhabitants in accordance with the rights of priority of appropriation. K.S.A. 82a-706b It shall be unlawful for any person to prevent, by diversion or otherwise, any waters of this state from moving to a person having a prior right to use the same
Impairment process 1) Complaint 2) DWR Investigation 3) DWR Report of Findings 4) If impairment is found and action desired, complainant must file a request to secure water
5) Action by the Chief Engineer as long as required Initial High Plains aquifer impairment action Stevens County (Gooch Mills) 2008 first water administration in the Ogallala. 2009, 2010 DWR developed alternative water
administration methods, eventually establishing trigger elevations in the aquifer to determine action DWR Developed revised rules on our impairment process, adding specifics on groundwater investigations
Groundwater Impairment investigations process Determine if complainant has good well/pumping plant Review well logs; geologic information. Install monitoring equipment (pumping rate/quantity; well depths), conduct pump test to determine local aquifer properties; extent of direct well to well interference Prepare initial report, provide to GMD and neighbors for
opportunity for comment Final report If impairment found, determine remedy Wells that interfere with HS3 Well 19032 stopped pumping 6/29/13 (out of water)
Well 10467 stopped pumping 5/26/13 Well 25275 not pumped in 2013 Pumping rate loggers and telemetry installed at wells 10035 and 11750 July 2013
Haskell County impairment (Garetson) 2005 Garetson files impairment compliant with the Chief Engineer Expressed interest in an IGUCA to address concerns 2007 - Compliant withdrawn 2012 - Garetson files an impairment compliant in District Court K.S.A. 82a-716/717a Allows water right holders to file directly to District
Court to seek redress K.S.A. 82a-725- Allows Court to appoint chief engineer as referee 2014 District Court grants temporary injunction 2015 - KS Court of Appeals upholds 2017 District Court grants permanent injunction
Stone v. Hands litigation - dismissed Quivira National Wildlife Refuge impairment investigation Depletions to Rattlesnake streamflows (baseflows) at Zenith due to junior groundwater pumping
Determined by use of the GMD 5 groundwater model Kansas Dept. of Agriculture, 12/10/2015 Refuge needs within its water right May, 2015 Attachment 5 of Initial Report
Kansas Dept. of Agriculture, 12/10/2015 Quivira: current status Impairment investigation report finalized July 15, 2016 found junior, upstream groundwater pumping is regularly interfering with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services senior use. Regularly 3,000 5,000 acre-feet per year
Working with water users to develop a workable solution 2015 Legislative action states that augmentation can be considered as a remedy for impairment Basins Sept. 2016 offer: augmentation only, 1500 AF/year, 15 cfs, on the Refuge Rejected by Service in December 1 as insufficient in quantity and noting that placing augmentation infrastructure on the
refuge as described in the offer poses significant legal obstacles Quivira: current status Our Dec 8, 2016 letter to the basin Requested basin stakeholders develop a revised settlement offer by February 15, 2017. Should an agreement not be reached, we will be obligated to
develop an administrative remedy for implementation in 2018 and beyond. No administration again in 2017 On 1/1/2017, the Service filed a Request to Secure Water, with a request to begin administration on 1/1/2018 On 2/15/2017, GMD 5 made a second offer, up to 5,000 acre-feet/year of augmentation
Water transfer for Hays 7000 AF; 80 miles. Two Distinct Approval Processes required Change application approval under the Kansas
Water Appropriation Act. This process is first as the changes applications must be contingently approved prior to the water transfer process Water Transfer Process
Changes in water rights K.S.A. 82a-708b. Application for change in place of use, point of diversion or use; fee; review of action on application. (a) Any owner of a water right may change the place of use, the point of diversion or the use made of the water, without losing priority of right, provided such owner shall: (1) Apply in writing to the chief engineer for approval of any proposed change;
(2) demonstrate to the chief engineer that any proposed change is reasonable and will not impair existing rights; (3) demonstrate to the chief engineer that any proposed change relates to the same local source of supply as that to which the water right relates; and (4) receive the approval of the chief engineer with respect to any proposed change Process from here
DWR to complete its review of change applications and negotiations with the Cities on terms and conditions, including drafting of a master order and the individual approval documents Send to GMD 5 and basin for review. Public meeting to gather input Provisional approval of the change applications Water Transfer Hearing and review
Questions & Discussion Court of appeals decision K.S.A. 2014 Supp. 82a-707(c) provides that the first person to divert water from any source and use it for beneficial purposes has prior right thereto. In other
words, "the first in time is first in right. K.S.A. 82a-716 and K.S.A. 82a-717a afford a senior water right holder the right to seek injunctive relief and in some cases monetary damagesin order to protect his or her prior right against a junior water right holder. Looking to the plain and unambiguous language of
K.S.A. 82a-716 and K.S.A. 82a-717a, it is apparent that the legislature intended that the holder of a senior water right may seek injunctive relief to protect against a diversion of water by a holder of a junior water right when that diversion does or would diminish, weaken, or injure the prior right.
When does yes, become no? At the meeting, the question was posed as to when DWR's "yes" in approving a new application or change application, becomes a "no" in our real-time administration of water rights. I replied that all approvals are done so as to minimize the potential for future impairment but are also approved contingent on vested and senior appropriator's rights being satisfied. Our approvals are thus a permission to use the water until such use interferes
with the rights of a vested right user or senior appropriator. A requirement that our consideration of impairment in our approval processes determine that NO future impairment would EVER occur would lead us to routinely deny the majority of applications and cross purposes with the KWAA's intent to make water available for appropriation. In summary, the "yes" becomes "no" when we have a complaint and our investigation finds that the junior use is interfering with the senior use of the water.
Kansas Dept. of Agriculture, 12/10/2015 US FWS Conditions on potentially acceptable solutions, Dec 2016 1. Quantity - The impaired amount is already determined by the impairment report, so the combined remedy actions should be able to deliver a capacity of 5,000 AF.
2. Quality - water should be equal or better quality than what is being received currently. 3. Deadline or Timeline Based - Water delivery remedies should be based on a reasonable schedule of time, and not take years to begin implementation...Timelines for implementation should be identified in the plan. 4. Enforceable Actions - Any planning or proposal put in place must be enforceable, and not voluntary or incentive driven. 5. Minimal Legal Obstacles - Use options and solutions with the least amount of legal and
statutory obstacles. Building pipelines and infrastructure on the refuge is big legal obstacle. 6. Augmentation - As the Service has mentioned on many occasions, the use of augmentation could be part of the remedy, but not the entire remedy. The Service prefers to maximize the use of other remedy actions prior to augmentation. 7. Augmentation Location - Any proposal that includes augmentation as part of the remedy would be more acceptable if planned from west of the refuge.
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