Non Verbal Communication Nonverbal Communication Is it possible
Non Verbal Communication Nonverbal Communication Is it possible to communicate without words? Nonverbal Communication Studies show that over half of your message is carried through
nonverbal elements: Your appearance Your body language The tone and the pace of your voice. Nonverbal Communication Before someone processes our verbal messages, Taken in our appearance, Registered our enthusiasm and sincerety Noted our tone of voice and processed all into nonverbal message.
If this message reinforce the content of verbal one, it means we send a powerful message. If the two messages do not match, they may cancel each other and that means nomessages delivered. Nonverbal Communication The process of sending and receiving wordless
messages by means of facial expressions, gaze, gestures, postures, and tones of voice. Nonverbal cues include all expressive signs, signals and cues --which are used to send and receive messages Language is not the only source of communication, there are other means also. Messages can be communicated through. 1. Gestures: It includes movement of hands, face or other
parts of the body. 2. Posture or Body language 3. Facial expressions 4. Eye contact 5. Emblems 6. Haptics 7. Appearance & object Meaning can also be communicated through object Clothing Hairstyle Architecture
Symbols Dance Icons (Image, picture, or representation) Handwriting style arrangement of words physical layout of a page Vocalizations Non verbal sounds - not words,
but convey a meaning. Divided into three categories: vocal characterizers vocal qualifiers vocal segregates vocal characterizers
vocal segregates (separators) um uh ah Note: some sounds are not vocal,
e.g., snapping ones fingers, stamping a foot nv includes vocal and non vocal phenomena Some nonvocal made with the breath, taking a small bit of air onomatopoetic words - zzz Also other vocal phenomena
more sounds than words e.g., zap...buzz Body Motion (Kinetic Gestures) Movements of the:
Body Limbs Head feet and legs facial expressions eye behavior posture
Some movements provide information about emotions Some give information about personality traits or attitude Emblems
Thumbs up OK V with fingers victory Finger pointed to temple suicide Hand grasping throat choke hand to mouth
eating tilt head, eyes closed sleeping Use of Emblems (a) Insults Directions
come stop Greetings Departures go slow down Use of Emblems (b) selected responses to questions yes no maybe
I dont know physical state emotion triumphant sad angry Part of body associated with emblems
Often the hands... but not exclusively Nose wrinkle Disgust Drop of the jaw and exaggerated raising of the eyebrows Surprise Upturned palms, shrugged shoulders
Uncertainty Regulators 2 They can tell the speaker to: continue hurry up become more interesting explain let the other talk Turn-taking regulators
(the most studied kind) Head tilting Nods Eye contact e.g. less eye contact if you want to terminate conversation. Touch Behavior touching stroking pushing guiding anothers motion
Paralanguage How - not what you say. Speech behavior
Voice quality and pitch Range and rhythm control Tempo Articulation Resonance Glottis control Vocal and lip control We Express Ourselves Through.
Posture( Gait, Walk, sitting) (Position of body) Gestures( Movements of hands , Legs, fingers etc.) (A Motion of hand, head or body to emphazize an idea or emotion while speaking)
Facial Expressions(Eyes, eyebrows, lips,chin) Sensory Channels It is also important to remember that while communicating we not only use different frames of mind but also use various sensory channels like ; Verbal contents ( Words) Auditory content ( Voice tone) Visual content ( gestures, facial
expressions) and sometimes sense of touch and smell ,too. The Silent Language : The Non Verbal Communication Our actions silence expressions in the eyes gestures posture walk
Facial expression Vocal cues Touch Appearance -all these can communicate without words. Emotions- Express with Facial Expressions Surprise Fear Disgust Anger Happiness
Sadness Four basic modes of Body Language.Responsive- ( Eager) Reflective-(Evaluating) Fugitive -(Bored) Combative- ( Aggressive) Two basic groups of postures:
OPEN/CLOSED and FORWARD/BACK OPEN/CLOSED is the most obvious. People with arms folded and legs crossed and bodies turned away are signaling that they are rejecting messages. People showing open hands, fully facing you and both feet planted on the ground are accepting them.
FORWARD/BACK FORWARD/BACK indicates whether people are actively or passively reacting to communication. When they are leaning forward and pointing towards you they are actively accepting or rejecting the message. When they are leaning back, looking up at the ceiling, doodling on a pad, cleaning
their glasses they are either passively absorbing or ignoring it. ( Eager ) ( Aggressive) (Evaluating) (Bored )
Responsive ENGAGED Leaning forward Open body Open arms Open hands Reflective LISTENING Head tilted Lots of eye
contact High blink rate Fugitive BORED Staring into space Slumped posture Doodling Foot tapping Combative
LET ME SPEAK Finger tapping Foot tapping Staring Superiority Relaxed Leaning
Back With hands Supporting Head Rejecting Ready Positive Able Goal oriented
person Sit down readiness Honesty Loyalty Devotion Hand to
Chest Well, I dont Know A Doubt Hesitanc e
Curiosity Touching the Nose I am bored. Boredom Tired
Sleeping Hand Rubbing Expectatio n Unspoken demand
Evaluatin g Judging Chin -stroking evaluation
Gesture with glasses Negative Emotional Reaction Scrutinizing people Open Hands
Sincere Open to suggestion Acceptance of authority Frustration
Helplessness Sincerity Helplessnes s Getting a Leg
NonCooperative Hostile Unconcerne d Defensive or Sometimes,
seeking comfort Arm Gripping Crossed Arm Preferred by teenage girls
Defensive Generally among colleagues or peers or In elders it
is for the right to be heard Crossed arm Defensive Physical Characteristics Not all nonverbal communication comes
through movement and motion Some are static self presentation characteristics body height weight hair skin color
breath odor Artifacts When objects interact with persons to send nv cues - clothes - lipstick - false eyelashes - wigs - perfume
Environmental Factors Associated with the communication event that impinge upon the human relationship, but not part of it.
furniture architectural style interior decorating lighting conditions colors temperature First Impression We know the importance of first impression But first impressions happen everytime when we initiate the communication. Positive first impression make communications much easier and more comfortable.
Negative first impressions can cut relationship before it gets started. off a First Impression First impression includes: Dress & grooming Voice Handshake Eye contact
Body posture Language of Gestures Body language and nonverbal communication are transmitted through the eyes, face, hands, arms, legs and posture (sitting and walking) Each individual, isolated gesture is like a word in sentence; it is difficult and isolated dangerous to interpret in and of itself.
Therefore consider the gesture in the light of everyhing else that is going on around you. Eyes Windows of the soul, excellent indicators of feelings. Honest person has a tendency to look you straight in the eye when speaking. At least listeners accept it like that. People avoid eye contact with other person when an uncomfortable question asked. Try to reduce tension and build trust rather than increase tension. The raising of one eyebrow shows disbelief and two shows
surprise. People are classified as right lookers and leftlookers. Right lookers are more influenced by logic and precision, left lookers are found to be more emotional, subjective and suggestible. The Face The face is one of the most reliable indicators of a persons attitudes, emotions & feelings By analysing facial expressions, interpersonal attitudes can be discerned and feedback obtained. Some people try to hide their true emotions. Common facial gestures are:
Frowns: unhappiness, anger Smiles: happiness Sneers: dislike, disgust Clenched jaws: tension, anger Pouting lips: sadness. The Hands Tightly clenched hands usually indicate that the person is experiencing undue pressure. It may be difficult to relate to this person because of his tension and disagreement. Superiority and authority are usually indicated when you are standing and joining your hands behind your back.
Cupping one or both hands over the mouth, especially when talking, may well indicate that the person is trying to hide something Putting your hand to your cheek or stroking your chin generally portrays thinking, interest or consideration. Fingers bent across the chin or below the mouth most often shows critical evaluation. Rubing gently behind or beside the ear with the index finger or rubbing the eye usually means the other person is uncertain about what you are saying. Leaning back with both hands supporting the head usually indicates a feeling of confidence or superiority. The Arms and Legs
Crossed arms tend to signal defensiveness. They seemingly act as a protective guard against an anticipated attack or a fixed position which the other person would rather not move. Conversely, arms open and extended toward you generally indicate openness and acceptance. Crossed legs tend to seem disagreement.People who tightly cross their legs seem to be saying that they disagree with what you are saying or doing. If the people have tightly crossed legs and tightly crossed arms, their inner attitude is usually one of extreme negativity toward what is going on
Posture: Sitting and Walking Sitting with your legs crossed and elevated foot moving in a slight circular motion indicates boredom or impatience. Interest and involvement are usually projected by sitting on the edge of the chair and leaning slightly forward. Generally, people who walk fast and swing their arms freely tend to know what they want and to go after that. People who walk with their shoulders hunched and hands in their pockets tend to be secretive and critical. They dont seem to like much of what is going on around them. Dejected people usually scuffle along with their hands in pockets, heads down, and shoulders hunched over.
People who are preoccupied or thinking, usually walk with their heads down, hands clasped behind their backs and pace very slowly. Interpreting Gesture Clusters Certain combinations of gestures are especially reliable indicators of a persons true feelings. These combinations are clusters. Each gesture is dependent to others, so analysis of a persons body language is based on a series of signals to ensure that the body language clearly and accurately understood. All the individual gestures fit together to project a common, unified message.
When they do not, this means a incongruity. For example: A nervous lough. A laugh generally signal of relaxation. But if there are nervous signals in body language that means the person is trying to escape from an unpleasent situation. Common Gesture Clusters Openness: Several gestures indicate openness and sincerety Open hands, unbuttoned coal or collar, leaning slightly forward in the chair, removing coat or jacket,
uncrossing arms and legs, moving closer. When people are proud of what they have done, they usually show their hands quite openly. When they are not often put their hands into their pockets, or hide back When people show signals of openness that means they are generally beginning very comfortable in your presence which is good. Common Gesture Clusters Defensiveness:
People who are defensive usually have a rigid body, arms or legs tightly crossed, eyes glancing sideways or darting occasionaly. minimal eye contact lips pursed, fists clenched and downcast head Common Gesture Clusters Nervousness
Whistling,Jingling pocket change , Fidgeting, Twitching lips or face Clearing ones throat,Chain smoking. Covering the mouth with hand, Tapping fingers Common Gesture Clusters Evaluation: Evaluation gestures say that the other person is being thoughtful or is considering what you are saying. Sometimes in a friendly way sometimes in an unfriendly way. Typical evaluation gestures include tilted head,hand to cheek, leaning forward and chin stroking
Sometimes evaluation gestures take on a critical aspect. The body is more drawn back The hand is to the face but the chin is in the palm of the hand with one finger going up the cheek and the other fingers positioned below the mouth. This is generally an unfavorable gesture. To gain time for evaluating the situation people use cigarette or pipe smoking habits, removing eyeglasses.
A final negative evaluation gesture is dropping his eyeglasses to the lower bridge of noise and peering over them. This gesture usually causes a negative emotional overreaction in other people. Suspicion, Secrecy, Rejection, and Doubt: These negative emotions are communicated typically by: Sideways glances Minimal or no eye contact
Shifting the body away from the speaker Touching or rubbing the nose. When a person do not want to look at you it could mean he is being secretive, has private feelings in opposition to what you are saying or hiding something. A sideway glances means suspicion and doubt. Shifting your body from someone means you wish to end the conversation, meeting etc. Touching nose may indicate doubt or concealment Common Gesture Clusters
Readiness Readiness is related to the goal-oriented high achiever with a concern for getting things done. It communicates dedication to a goal and is usually communicated by sitting forward at the edge of a chair. This may negatively give the appearence of being overly anxious also. Common Gesture ClustersBoredom or Impatience
These unproductive feelings are usually conveyed by the Drumming of fingers Cupping the head in the palm of the hand, Foot swinging Brushing or picking a lint Looking at your watch or the exit Common Gesture ClustersEnthusiasm.
This is an emotion hat you love to see in other people and they in you. It is conveyed by A small upper or inward smile,Hands open and arms extended outward,Eyes wide an alert, A lively and bouncy walk,A lively and well-modulated voice. Words & Phrases That Usually Annoy and Hurt People
You should have known better.. I can see no point in .. You must realize that..
I find it difficult to believe. Dont be stupid.. You cant do that Thats irrelevant... Avoid absolutes
unless you mean them. Avoid putting the other person down. Avoid superior sounding judgements. Saying What We Really Mean The price we pay for not saying what we mean - or saying
something we didnt mean can cause guilt, anger, loss of self esteem. Accusation, screaming, and aggressiveness cant prove our point. Informing Without Hurting First try listening to others. Acknowledge Others views and feelings.
Inform without hurting. Avoid the word never and the use of You - messages e.g. You are always late. You have never
Architecture for Network Hub in 2011 David Chinnery Ben Horowitz Internet Model Network time-of-flight latency Unavoidable End point latency Limited by cheap solution for users Latency of internet nodes (hubs, gateways) Can provide differentiated services High priority packets Other packets...
Dr Vicki Osman-Hicks ST6 in Old Age Psychiatry QI Fellow 2012-13 The QI Fellowship The Wessex Quality Improvement Fellowships are 1 year posts (50% clinical job and 50% fellowship) for doctors in training and AHPs. Marion Lynch is the Training...
The ICT will coordinate care for Dual Eligible enrollees to address medical, cognitive, psychosocial, and functional needs. The ICT is responsible for overseeing, coordinating, and evaluating the care delivered to enrollees. The ICT meets regularly to review these needs of...
So, what happened so far? The Byzantine Empire, Russia and Medieval Europe What happened after? Byzantine civilization influenced Eastern Europe, bringing Greek culture as well as Orthodox Christianity to the Slavic people, starting with Russia. Byzantine Empire Survived for 1000...
Thus, it remains permanently bound to the receptor, preventing adrenaline and noradrenaline from binding. This causes vasodilatation in blood vessels, due to its antagonistic effect at the alpha-1 adrenoceptor found in the walls of blood vessels, resulting in a drop...
"Self-Enhancing Humor" is a coping mechanism. "Aggressive Humor" involves sarcasm, teasing, ridicule, derision, put-downs or disparagement. "Self-Defeating Humor" is when people allow themselves to be the butt of other people's jokes. Ruch  38-39 * Non-Enjoyment Smiles Differ in Appearance...