Make walking safe Second UN Global Road Safety

Make walking safe Second UN Global Road Safety

Make walking safe Second UN Global Road Safety Week 6-12 May 2013 How many pedestrians die every year? 270 000 pedestrians are killed on the roads every year or 22% of all road traffic deaths. Most are in low-income countries. How do pedestrian deaths vary

by region? The proportion pedestrians killed is highest in Africa (38%) and lowest South-East Asia (12%). How do pedestrian deaths vary by country? Fatality patterns vary across countries. In some countries pedestrians account for as much as two thirds of all RTI deaths. Who are these pedestrians?

Males children and adults are all over-represented in pedestrian collisions. In high-income countries, older pedestrians are more at risk of death and injury. In low- and middle-income countries, children & young adults are often affected. People with disabilities have higher rates of injury.

Where and when do pedestrian collisions occur? Where In high-income countries: most often on city streets. In low- and middle-income countries: between cities and in rural areas. When When crossing the road.

When lighting conditions are low, during dusk, dawn and at night. What influences the severity of a injuries sustained by a pedestrian? Type of vehicle. Shape and stiffness of the vehicle front. Age and height of the pedestrian. Standing position of

the pedestrian relative to the vehicle front. What are the consequences of pedestrian collisions? Injuries, disabilities and death Traumatic brain and spinal cord injuries, fractures particularly to the lower limb.

Lengthy hospital stay and rehabilitation costs A loss of a family's breadwinner which may push families into poverty Major risks for pedestrians? Vehicle design Land-use planning

Trauma care Road design Driver behaviour Pedestrian behaviour What measures can be taken

to protect pedestrian? Driver behaviour Reduce speed: 50km/hr in urban areas, 30km/hr around schools. Set BAC limit of 0.05g/dl for drivers, less for novice and commercial drivers. Address driver distraction. Promote respect for pedestrian's rights. Pedestrian behaviour Enact and enforce laws on public intoxication. Encourage pedestrians to wear reflective clothing.

Urge pedestrians to abide by the rules of the road. What measures can be taken to protect pedestrian? Road design Separate pedestrians. Lower vehicle speeds. Improve road way lighting. Create pedestrian zones. Encourage mass transit.

Land-use planning Redesign cities that put facilities in close proximity. What measures can be taken to protect pedestrian? Vehicle design Enforce vehicle design standards for pedestrian protection. Generate a demand for safety

by the public. Trauma care Enhance trauma care systems. Ensure comprehensive rehabilitation services. Examples of good practice Retrofitting sidewalks in Abu Dhabi

Walkability on Broadway in New York Separating traffic in China Reflective backpacks for children in Tanzania Speed control in Freiburg, Germany Metro line 4 in Mexico

City Success is possible Pedestrian casualties (registered by police), The Netherlands More information http://www.who.int/roadsafety/week/2013/en/index.html

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Neuromuscular Adaptations to Resistance Training

    Neuromuscular Adaptations to Resistance Training

    Enzyme activity of ATP-PC (creatinephospho-kinase, myokinase) increased with isokinetic training. Little or no change in activity of ATP-PC enzymes with resistance training. Increase or no change in glycolytic enzyme activities by resistance training. Small but significant increases in aerobic enzyme...
  • Diapositive 1 - Martine Mottet

    Diapositive 1 - Martine Mottet

    Carine Paquin Cynthia Pelletier Virginie Tremblay Plan de la communication 1. Description générale du type d'activité 2. Description détaillée du déroulement 3. Ressources requises 4. Conseils à l'enseignant 5. Liste d'exemples de mise en œuvre 6. Conclusion 7.
  • PowerPoint-presentatie

    PowerPoint-presentatie

    Inlsaaptijd is kort, effectieve slaap is toegenomen naar 93%. lijkt ook meer slaapcycli te doorlopen. Dit ondersteunt het klinische beeld waarbij ze een minder vermoeide jongen zien met minder epilepsie Minimaal 1-1,5u voor goede slaap * * Primair slaapprobleem: De...
  • Port-

    Port-

    Root Review. ped This Photo by ... Port- Last modified by: Karen Belleau ...
  • Chapter One - Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

    Chapter One - Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

    Fi = Wi1X1 + Wi2X2 + Wi3X3 + . . . + WikXk where Fi = estimate of i th factor Wi = weight or factor score coefficient k = number of variables Factor Analysis Model It is possible to...
  • The Nature of Staffing - kau

    The Nature of Staffing - kau

    Staffing the organization requires attention to both the number (quantity) and the type (quality) of people brought into, moved within, and retained by the organization. Organization . effectiveness. Staffing systems should be used to contribute to achievement of organization goals...
  • Drag&Drop Macro: Easter Eggs - Welsh Government

    Drag&Drop Macro: Easter Eggs - Welsh Government

    Drag&Drop Macro: Easter Eggs Author: Hans Werner Hofmann / Ute Simon Keywords: Search Easter Eggs with Drag&Drop-Makro Description: [email protected] Last modified by: gearym Created Date: 3/17/2005 4:43:28 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: www.ppt-user.de Other titles: Arial Century Gothic...
  • Les Tsimshian - Authentification

    Les Tsimshian - Authentification

    Par contre, au nord des Kwakwaka'wakw se trouvent des groupes considérés « matrilinéaires » : les Kwakiutl septentrionaux (Haisla, Wuikinuxv et Heiltsuk. Ces trois derniers parlent des langues apparentées aux Kwak'wala, aux Haïdas et aux Tlingits.