The Book of Romans Chapter 4 Romans 4:1-2 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? 2For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. 1
A MIDRASH ON GENESIS 15:6 Paul says trusting confirms the Law of Moses Zkut Avot = merit of the Fathers Jews believed that Abraham was righteous on account of his deeds NT redemption is directly connected to Abraham Law didnt exist until 600 years after Abraham Book of Jubilees: Abraham was perfect in all his deeds...
ROMANS 4 IS A MIDRASH Gen. 15:6 Abraham trusted God for righteousness Paul has yet to prove his case Scripturally Pauls assertion of equality between Jews and gentiles upset the Jews James: led Believers in the Holy Land Paul: led Believers in the Diaspora James Faith + Action James focused more on works Luther wanted the Book of James
removed Luther saw James as contradicting Paul James 2:14 26 Paul: Rom.3:24 By Gods grace, without earning it, all...considered righteous... James: Jam. 2:17 Faith, by itself, without actions, is dead James Faith + Action
James and Paul....trying to achieve a balance between faith and works Dealing mostly with semantics and emphasis Law and Gospel are an organic unity Difficult to pull Law and Gospel apart to examine separately Paul says righteousness comes by trust. ..BUT... Doing proper deeds (the Law) still
matters Rom. 2:5, 6 James says that the PROOF of your faith (trust) must show up in your deeds Jam. Romans 4:3-4 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. 4Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt 3
Romans 4:5-6 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 6Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, 5 Trust and Deeds
Sinners do not have to first PROVE their trust before receiving righteousness BUT.....after being righteoused, it is expected that deeds will follow Paul sees Judaism as having misinterpreted Gen. 15:6 Faith= mindset, spiritual condition Faithfulness= covenant loyalty, actions, deeds
Trust and Deeds Faith and faithfulness are to operate as one Trust and Law are tightly intertwined Like the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit who are fused together as one, echad WORKS AND DEEDS An analogy: a person who works for a
wage isnt paid as a favor (a gift) He has earned it by his hard labors If a person doesnt work but only receives righteousness through trust, he has not earned it and so it is a gift Paul uses Psalm 32 to help interpret Gen.15:6 God forgives and gives righteousness to sinners even though they dont deserve it Grace
The way you are to go = Law of Moses Psalm 32:10 Grace surrounds those who trust Grace is an OT principle Grace is an attribute of God The Law was grace because an animal could pay the price for human sin
Abraham was righteoused BEFORE he was circumcised He was not circumcised until 29 years after Gen. 15:6 Circumcision is a sign of trusting! Romans 4:7-8 Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. 7
Romans 4:9-10 Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. 10How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 9 FOR PAUL, THE LAW IS NOT DEAD
Israel was delivered (redeemed) before they received the Law Their redemption from Egypt was Gods grace Israel did not earn it or merit it 1John 3:4 The Law remained the standard There is only 1 Law because there is only 1 God Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness
of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: 11 WHO IS......THE SEED OF ABRAHAM? Circumcised = Jews
Uncircumcised = Gentiles Judaism saw circumcision more as a pledge of allegiance to Israel (Judah) Abraham was circumcised as an outward sign of an inner trust in God WHO IS......THE SEED OF ABRAHAM? Abraham is the father of the Jews AND he
is the (spiritual) father of gentiles who trust in Yeshua Abraham would inherit the world by trusting, and not by obeying laws Pauls Principle: If obeying laws produces a saving righteousness, then it cannot be that trusting produces a saving righteousness Romans 4:12-13 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he
had being yet uncircumcised. 13For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 12 Romans 4:14-15 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: 15Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.
14 Ignorance of The Law Paul says: inheritance promised in the covenant comes through TRUST not through LAW
Doing the Law is only truly effectual when TRUST is present Vs. 15 For what the Law brings is wrath Connects to the premise that all humans are liable to Gods wrath Pauls principle: The Law cannot produce a saving righteousness; only trust can do that If we deliberately ignore the Law, does that allow us to avoid sin ? Of course NOT! Romans 4:16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be
by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, 16 Romans 4:17-18 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they
were. 18Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. 17 ARE GENTILES GUILTY OF IDENTITY THEFT?
Maimonides:...whoever adopts Judaism and confesses the unity of the Divine Name....is counted among the disciples of Avraham avinu..... Maimonides says that a gentile may become a seed of Abraham by conversion to Judaism However.....Paul makes it clear that TRUST makes gentiles seed of Abraham without conversion AND...Jews who trust Yeshua also do not have to convert ABRAHAM: LIFE FROM THE DEAD
Gods primary attributes: 1) He gives life from the dead 2) He is the Creator of all things We can only know God by His name and His
attributes Abraham almost 100; if he had no sons, his line ended and Gods promise died with him Abrahams trust was not perfect; he produced a child with Hagar But THAT was a miracle, too, because Abraham was too old to produce children Later Sarah gave birth to Isaac, the true son of Promise Romans 4:19-20 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead,
when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarahs womb: 20He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 19 Romans 4:21-22 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 22And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. 21
Romans 4:23-25 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; 24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; 25Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. 23
PAUL COMPARES ABRAHAM TO YESHUA God righteousing Abraham by trust was not only for him The event was recorded so everyone would know how to gain righteousness What do Believers trust in? We are to trust in the one who raised Yeshua from the dead....the Father!
However, that trust also involves trusting in Yeshuas faithfulness Romans End Chapter 4
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