Requirements for in-situ ocean data Marine pollution tracking (Prestige) Requirements for in-situ ocean data Aircraft & Drifting buoy observations (Erika)
Requirements for in-situ ocean data Climate anomalies are affected by heat changes in the oceans. 1998 Quebec ice storm Requirements for in-situ ocean data SST mixed-products (sat. + buoys + ships) With computer models and in-situ/sat. data
this heat content is now predictable Observational prog. implementation Funded & implemented nationally International coordination required Under GOOS/GCOS, JCOMM Through dedicated Panels DBCP, SOT, Argo Between
Funding agencies Platform operators, Prog. Managers, Principal Investigators Data users Satellite data telecommunication providers Manufacturers Data centres, archiving centres
Observational prog. implementation Considering modest resources Synergy between observing systems Cooperation between communities Adequacy with requirements Data sharing
Technical assistance Global monitoring Performance analyse Provision of information are required for an optimal efficiency
JCOMM in situ Observing Platform Support Centre A component of the international coordination Established by JCOMM-1, June 2001 Coordination for Ship Observations Team included by JCOMM-2, September 2005 Under JCOMM / OPA Coordination facilities of DBCP (drifting & moored buoys) SOOP (XBTs) Argo (subsurface profiling floats)
Two Coordinators Information System (DB, GIS) JCOMMOPS Facilitating implementation & operations Encouraging data exchange, including real-time Day to day coordination, Technical assistance & expertise Instrumentation Satellite data telecommunication (synergy) Data processing & exchange (synergy) GTS (of WMO)
Internet Flow to archiving centres Performance monitoring JCOMMOPS Facilitating implementation & operations Provision of information on Requirements (WWW, GOOS/GCOS) Programmes Monitoring (*)
Vandalism Data systems, data access Focal point / portal for information Programmes promotion Dialogue between meteorologists & oceanographers JCOMMOPS Support for private companies Visibility List of manufacturers on web site News
Relay quality evaluation information Quality evaluated by users & PIs Independent source of information JCOMMOPS is not a data centre Provides information on how to get the data Gather & QC basic metadata Acts as a gateway Buoy data RNODC/DB: MEDS, Canada
SOC/DB: Mto France XBT data GTSPP: MEDS, Canada NOAA/NODC, USA Argo data GDAC: US GODAE server, Monterey GDAC: French Coriolis centre, Brest JCOMMOPS
JCOMMOPS, DBCP JCOMMOPS, SOOP JCOMMOPS, Integration The Argo Project http://www.argo.net What is Argo ?
A new way to collect data from the ocean using robot floats Take the pulse of the Oceans upper layer in real-time Complement to satellite and other in-situ observing systems Access to data is free and unrestricted Target- a 3 x 3 global array ( ~3000 floats)
Benefits: Improve Ocean and Climate forecasting Understand ocean-atmosphere interactions Predict seasonal to decadal climate variability Wide range of applications for high-quality global ocean analyses is anticipated The Argo Project Standard Float Cycle 150-200 cycles (4-5 years) Temperature/Salinity profiles
New sensors (oxygen, sst, ) The Argo Project Organization GODAE/CLIVAR pilot-project A major contribution to GOOS/GCOS Endorsed by WMO and IOC Argo Steering Team Argo Data Management Team Argo Project Office: Argo Director (J. Gould, SOC, Southampton) Argo Coordinator (M.Belbeoch, AIC - JCOMMOPS,
Toulouse ) The Argo Project Argo Information Centre Argo Technical Coordination International issues EEZ issues (IOC Res. XX-6) Cooperation (floats donation) Environment (beached floats retrieval) The Argo Project
Logistical feasibility demonstrated: - 850 units deployed in 2004 - 950 in 2005 Float reliability improving year after year The Argo Project Argo is a truly international project ARGENTINA- AUSTRALIA- BRAZIL- CANADA- CHILE- CHINA- COOK ISLANDS- COSTA RICA- DENMARK- EUROPEAN UNION- FIJIFRANCE- GERMANY- ICELAND- INDIA- INDONESIA- IRELAND- JAPAN- KIRIBATI- KOREA (REPUBLIC OF)- MARSHALL ISLANDSMAURITIUS- MEXICO- MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF- MOZAMBIQUE- NETHERLANDS- NEW CALEDONIA- NEW ZEALANDNIUE- NORWAY- PAPUA NEW GUINEA- RUSSIAN FEDERATION- SAMOA- SOLOMON ISLANDS- SOUTH AFRICA- SPAIN- TOKELAUTONGA- TUVALU- UNITED KINGDOM- UNITED STATES- VANUATU-
The Argo Project What can we do now with Argo that we could not do then : Define seasonal and interannual variability anywhere in the ice free ocean down to 2000m Map subsurface velocities across the entire global The Argo Project
140 scientific abstracts submitted to the Argo workshop #2 The Argo Project Almost 2300 operational floats (75%) Free data distribution and sharing
6500 T/S profiles / month Target deployment rate reached: 900 units / year Float reliability improving each year Argo is truly global and international (21 countries, 50 regional initiatives, more to come) Argo is doing well ! Challenge: sustain the funding to complete and maintain the array (as for other obs. systems) The Argo Project Live demo.: on-line platforms tracking
Google Earth Thank you http://www.jcommops.org http://www.argo.net
Thanks to E.Charpentier for inputs on JCOMMOPS Thanks to H.Freeland (IOS) and all other Argonauts for inputs on Argo
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