Winter Sports Safety SLIDE SUB-TITLE Class # 623 Winter Sports Safety; description: Learn the basics of avalanche safety, how to spot and avoid terrain hazards, and what to do when wild weather hits. Will also touch on the proper use of equipment
and clothing. Great for everyone from experienced winter sports enthusiasts to beginners. Winter Sports / Activities SLIDE SUB-TITLE OBJECTIVES At the end of this session you should understand
How to have a safe and fun Winter Sports Outing / Activity: Plan for the unexpected (there should not be any unexpected). Select the correct gear for the conditions Have the Scouts safely plan and execute a Winter outing Learn what to do and what not to do in Avalanche conditions and how to look for and spot avalanche terrain / conditions. 10 Essentials
1. Map and Compass 2. Sun Protection 3. Extra clothing 4. Headlight / Flashlight 5. First Aid Kit 6. Knife / Multi-tool 7. Matches / Fire
Starter 8. Water Clothing Base layer Moisture wicking / breathable Looser fitting Polyester, Polypropylene or nylon
Clothing Insulation layer Purpose Traps warm air next to body Best fabrics Wool, down, synthetic fill, or fleece
Clothing Shell layer Purpose Provides protection from wind and precipitation Best fabrics Nylon with water resistant coatings like Gore-Tex or others.
Clothing Why? Choose layers based on activities Snowshoeing, limited insulation to keep from overheating Camping, light insulation while active (building shelter) and heavy insulation during low activity times (Meal prep)
Cotton Kills! Wet clothing will suck the heat out of your body Extras, bring extra socks, gloves, hat. Change before going to bed Dont skimp on winter clothing, getting wet and cold on an outing is the best way for Scouts to not want to Winter Shelter
75% of Avalanches happen on a slope of between 34 and 49 degrees Altitude plays a major role in risk. Higher elevations tend to mean colder temperatures and more wind. Lower elevations tend to mean warmer temps, and heavier loading (Rain / Wet snow). Trees. Sparse trees are not good anchors, heavy tree coverage means good anchors. Wind. Leeward sides of hills / mountains can create cornices or wind slabs. Wind can deposit snow 10 times more rapidly than snow falling without wind.
Sun. Weak layers tend to persist longer on the shady North facing slopes. As temps rise the South facing slopes will load more heavily and create wet avalanches Gear SLIDE SUB-TITLE Gear
Recovery Gear, not Rescue Gear Use resources first, not gear! Snow Shovel. Durable metal, not plastic Avalanche Beacon / Transceiver Avalanche Probe 320CM or longer (320cm is about 10.5 feet) Avalanche backpack / Air bag backpack / Avalung vest Training and more training. Practice Annually
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