Developing a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities 19 October 2004 LTG Mark Curran Director, Futures Center US Army Training and Doctrine Command TRADOC: Where Tomorrows Victories Begin The Strategic Context We are a nation at war This is a prolonged period of conflict for the U.S. with great uncertainty about the nature and location of that conflict We must be able to defuse crises and/or defeat aggression early to prevent escalation, limit damage Thus, we need flexible, rapidly We have more than 350,000 SOLDIERS overseas in 120 countries deployable forces and sufficient depth and strength to sustain multiple, simultaneous operations Combatant Commanders need versatile, potent land power 2 Joint Operational Environment (JOE) Global battlespace - No sanctuaries Power of media/transnational
organizations Growth and alignment of non-state actors Access to data, information, knowledge Increasingly difficult AORs Proliferation of WMD / precision weapons Future Adversaries: Counter high-tech with low-tech methods Near-peer threats in selected niche areas Sophisticated asymmetric strategies Masters of own environments Endure long campaigns Difficult to predict 3 Future Force Critical Capabilities Develop a Campaign-Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities Broad range of capabilities with multiple military options for any situation, across the spectrum of conflict Rapidly deployable, highly mobile land forces able to fight on arrival Joint networked forces (all echelons) and linked sensors, shooters, and commanders for enhanced lethality Self-sustained forces (limited periods) and a greatly reduced theater logistics footprint 4 The Lens: Joint & Expeditionary Capabilities
J E C Soldier The Centerpiece Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities The Lens JJ OO II NN TT A R M Y
Current Force Capability Gap Areas Network Enabled Battle Command Soldier Protection in Counter-Insurgency Environment Protect the Force in Non-Contiguous Battlespace Logistics for High OPTEMPO, NonContiguous Battlespace Train the Force How and As it Fights Responsive, Networked, Precision Fires Ability to Conduct Joint Urban Operations SOF and Conventional Forces Integration Joint Interoperability 5 Creating a Modular Army Army-wide effort to bring Future Force concepts into the Current Force More cohesive and combat ready formations that are more agile and tailorable Establishes clear linkages to the future Future Combat Systems-equipped force Represents an intellectual approach to force design: Will drive a cultural shift in the Army Key to a Campaign Quality Army with Joint & Expeditionary Capabilities Relevant to the Combatant Commanders -- lethal, agile, and versatile 6
From Division to Brigade-Centric X X X Infantry Heavy Stryker X FCS Future Standard brigade combat teams (BCT) with organic combined arms capabilities X X Maneuver Enhancement Reconnaissance, Surveillance, Target Acquisition X
X X SUST Aviation Fires Sustainment Brigades with standard headquarters, but variable subordinate units 7 A Tailorable Force. Tailored for a specific operation, composition completely variable Example: Offensive Operations X X X X X X X X
X X SUST Fires Aviation Maneuver Enhancement Sustainment RSTA 5 Brigades 5 BCTs Example: Stability Operations X X X X X X SUST
RSTA 1 BCT Maneuver Enhancement Aviation Sustainment 7 Brigades 8 With Tailorable Command and Control Migrating functions and capabilities to fewer levels Current Command & Control XXXX Army Unit of Employment Y XXX CORPS Unit of Employment X
Army & Joint Theater wide Support Major operations; Warfighting XX DIVISION Brigade X BRIGADE Combat Team Battles & Engagements Functional Array, not pure Hierarchy 9 FCS-Equipped Future Force Command and Control Vehicle Infantry Carrier Vehicle Mounted
Combat System Manned Systems Unmanned Air Vehicles Class I Networked to the Soldier Recon and Surveillance Vehicle Non-Line of Sight Mortar FCS Recovery and Maintenance Vehicle Medical Treatment and Evacuation Class IV Class III Unattended Munitions NLOS LS Intelligent Munitions
Unattended System Ground Sensors Non-Line of Sight Cannon Class II Unmanned Ground Vehicles Armed Robotic Vehicle ARV RSTA ARV-A (L) ARV Aslt Small (Manpackable) UGV MULE: (Countermine) MULE: (Transport) 10 LandWarNet Joint,
Allied, Coalition Host Nation Agencies Civilian Agencies Governmen t Agencies NonGovernment Organizations Special Operation Forces Global Information Grid Services Network Marine Expeditionary Force Unit of Action Mobile
Mobile Command Command Group Group Unit of Employment Unit of Employment Area of Responsibility Joint Task Force Capable platforms Allied & Coalition Forces Unit of Action Battalions II II LandWarNet provides INTERNAL Infosphere connectivity and EXTERNAL Interoperability 11 Army Perspective on Seabasing
Joint seabasing is an important initiative to advance joint force requirements for improved strategic responsiveness and operational agility within an antiaccess environment. The Army recognizes the potential for expanding and improving Army force projection and sustainment. It is critical to pursue efforts from a holistic appreciation of the entire future joint force projection challenge throughout the course of an entire campaign, not just during early operations. The costs and benefits of joint seabasing must be compared with the costs and benefits of other parallel developments, particularly SDHSS and HLVTOL, that also address joint force projection and sustainment requirements. 12 Army Operational Requirements for the Joint Seabase Critical role of seabase for seizure of air and sea Points of Debarkation for rapid introduction of non-seabased forces: deployment momentum Base for deployment and sustainment of selected elements of the current/future force Vertical maneuver of light and medium mounted forces from the sea to LZs in proximity to objective areas Base for joint command and control, including JFLCC Enable Reception, Staging, Onward Movement, and Integration at sea . . . Accommodate integration of Army Regional Flotilla Provide effective, deep fires to engaged forces ashore Extend TAMD to engaged forces ashore Complementary capabilities of AFSB and TSV Critical to include consideration of SDHSS and HLVTOL in concept 13
Centerpiece: The American Soldier Ultimate warfighting platform Proof that people are more important than hardware and quality more important than quantity Willing and able to endure wars hardships to accomplish the mission Lives the warrior ethos reflecting the spirit of the American pioneers Embodiment of the Army Culture 14 Summary We Are: Transforming an Army at war Applying lessons learned from current operations Nesting Army transformation within Joint transformation Using a modular framework for integrating new capabilities into the force Developing a joint, mobile, adaptive network Ensuring the Soldier remains the centerpiece of Army transformation 15
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