WHAT ARE LITERARY DEVICES? LITERARY DEVICES ARE TECHNIQUES
WHAT ARE LITERARY DEVICES? LITERARY DEVICES ARE TECHNIQUES WRITERS USE TO ENGAGE THEIR READERS BEYOND THE LITERAL MEANING OF THE TEXT. Alliteration Repetition of the same beginning sound in a sequence. Examples : Drew drew Drew Reshetar rides rollercoasters drowning in debt a sea of sea shells
Example #1: From the time I was really little-maybe just few months old-words were like sweet, liquid gifts, and I drank them like emonade. ~Out of My Mind by Sharon Draper Example #2: Tongue Twisters are great examples of alliteration Three grey geese in a green field grazing, Grey were the geese and green was the grazing. Hyperbole
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect. An extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally. Examples: I waited an eternity for summer to get here! He could have slept for a year. This book weighs a ton. Listen to the hyperbole of the next poem by Jack Prelutsky. I am making a pizza the size of the sun, a pizza thats sure to weigh more than a ton, a pizza too massive to pick up and toss,
a pizza resplendent with oceans of sauce. Im topping my pizza with mountains of cheese, with acres of peppers, pimentos, and peas, with mushrooms, tomatoes, and sausage galore, with every last olive they had at the store. My pizza is sure to be one of a kind, my pizza will leave other pizzas behind, my pizza will be a delectable treat that all who love pizza are welcome to eat. The oven is hot, I believe it will take a year and a half for my pizza to bake.
I hardly can wait till my pizza is done,Jack my wonderful pizza the size of the sun. Prelutsky Imagery Descriptive words or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell- creating a picture in the readers mind. What is the mental picture or image you are left with after reading the passage from The Most Dangerous Game He leaped upon the rail and balanced himself there, to get greater
elevation; his pipe, striking a rope, was knocked from his mouth. He lunged for it; a short, hoarse cry came from his lips as he realized he had reached too far and had lost his balance. The cry was pinched off short as the blood-warm waters of the Caribbean Sea closed over his head. He struggle up to the surface and tried to cry out, but the wash from the speeding yacht slapped him in the face and the salt water in his open mouth made him gag. The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connell Metaphor A figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another, or by substituting a more descriptive word for the more common or usual word that
would be expected. Examples : the world's a stage he was a lion in battle drowning in debt a sea of troubles. God looked around His garden And saw an empty space He then looked down upon this Earth And saw your tired face He knew that you were suffering He knew you were in pain
He knew that you would never Get well on Earth again He knew the roads were getting rough The mountains hard to climb So he puts his arms around you and Whispered Peace be Thine He closed your weary eyelids And lifted you for rest This garden must be beautiful He only takes the best Written by an anonymous teenager. Onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. Examples : crash buzz quack zoom ONOMATOTODAY In the morning yawn, stretch to the bathroom scratch, blink
in the shower scrub, splash to the closet whisk, rustle down the hall thump, creak in the kitchen clank, clink to the car click, slam on the road honk, screech at the office
tick, ring out to lunch munch, slurp return home thug, moan on to bed shuffle, snore Cathy Christensen Personification A figure of speech in which things or ideas are given human attributes.
Examples : Dead leaves dance in the wind Blind justice Winter wrapped her cold fingers around me The high mountain wind coasted sighing through the pass and whistled on the edges big block of broken granite A scar of green grass cut across the flat. And behind the flat another mountain rose, desolate with dead rocks and starving little black bushes Flight by John Steinbeck
Repetition A word or line that is repeated, usually to evoke an emotion or create a rhythm. There were so many important moments. If Id missed the ticket, I wouldnt be here. If I hadnt gone to the show, I wouldnt be here. If I hadnt stuck around to see what Steve was up to, I wouldnt be here. If I hadnt stolen Madam Octa, I wouldnt be here. If Id said no to Mr. Crepsleys offer, I wouldnt be here. A world of ifs, but it made no difference.
What was done was done. If I could go back in time ~Cirque Du Freak by Darren Shan Rhyme The occurrence of the same sound at the end of two or more words. Examples : cat / hat desire / fire steak / fake English is a Pain! (Pane)
Rain, Reign, rein, English is a pain. Although the words Sound just alike The spellings not the same! Bee, Be, B Id rather climb a tree Than learn to spell The same old word, Not just one way, but three! Sight, Site, Cite I try with all my might. No matter which
I finally choose, Its not the one thats right! There, Their, Theyre, Enough to make you swear. Too many ways To write one sound, I just dont think its fair! To, Two, Too So whats a kid to do? I think Ill do To live on Mars And leave this mess with ewe! (you?) By Shirlee Curlee Bingham
Simile A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word like or as. Examples : She felt like a wilted flower. The boy charged in the room like a bull! This class is like a 3 ring circus! The aliens have landed! Its distressing, but theyre here. They piloted their flying saucer
Through our atmosphere. They landed like a meteor Engulfed in smoke and flame. Then out they climbed immersed in slime And burbled as they came. Their hands are greasy tentacles. Their heads are weird machines. Their bodies look like cauliflower And smell like dead sardines. Their blood is liquid helium. Their eyes are made of granite. Their breath exudes the stench of foods From some unearthly planet.
Kenn Nesbitt And if you want to see these Sickly, unattractive creatures, Youll find them working in your school; They all got jobs as teachers! What is a Middle Schooler? What is a middle schooler I was asked one day. I knew what they were But what should I say?
They are noise and confusion They are silent that is deep Also sunshine and laughter, Or a cloud that will weep. They are swift as an arrow. They are wasters of time. They want to be rich, But cannot save a dime! They are rude and nasty. They are as polite as can be. They want parental guidance, But fight to be free.
They are aggressive and bossy, Also timid and shy. They know all the answers, But still will ask why? They are awkward and clumsy, Sometimes graceful and poised. They are ever changing, But do not be annoyed. What is a Middle Schooler? I was asked one day. They are the future unfolding, So do not stand in their way!
Written by an anonymous teenager IDIOM Idioms are phrases or expressions that have hidden meanings. The expressions don't mean exactly what the words say. NOT LITERAL The language peculiar to a people or to a district, community, or class : dialect Example: Its raining cats and dogs. Things got a little out of hand. Does the cat have your tongue.
ASSONANCE: THE REPETITION OF VOWEL SOUNDS. Example: Days wane away Each beach beast thinks he's the best beast The only other sound's the sweep Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound's the sweep
Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep. End of notes Write a summary of 2-3 sentences on your summary section.
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