Where weve come so far Animal Behavior Core Concepts: Tinbergens four categories of explanation Proximate and ultimate Individual, kin, and group selection Genes and experience Correlation versus causation
Constraints on Evolution Animal Behavior methodologies Experimental Design; Ethics; Avoiding the Deadly Sins Where weve come so far Animal Behavior Core Concepts Common Assumptions that Need Correcting:
Assuming evolution and natural selection are directional or purposeful Assuming we know the purpose of a phenotype (or why it evolved) Anthropomorphic assumptions and use of metaphors Assuming animals perceive the world the same way we do (Umwelt) Assuming animals are not affected by our presence Assumptions about sex roles
Where weve come so far Animal Behavior Core Concepts Common Assumptions that Need Correcting Same Genotype, Different Phenotype: Epigenetic effects on behavior Central Dogma Interactions between gene expression, nervous system, endocrine system, and behavior
Single gene effects (e.g., voles) Quantitative trait loci (behaviors affected by multiple genes) Inheritance Epigenetics Phenotypic plasticity Environmental sex determination and sex change
Where weve come so far Animal Behavior Core Concepts Common Assumptions that Need Correcting Same Genotype, Different Phenotype Same Population, Different Phenotype: Ruff male polymorphisms Mating Systems B and C in Behavioral Ecology
Polymorphisms Alternative reproductive strategies Condition-dependent and genetically determined (e.g., Supergene) alternative strategies Maintenance of genetically-determined alternative strategies Developmental flexibility vs. developmental stability Behavioral syndromes (animal personalities)
Where weve come so far Animal Behavior Core Concepts Common Assumptions that Need Correcting Same Genotype, Different Phenotype Same Population, Different Phenotype Same Population, Different Information: Social learning in rats
Single stimulus learning Conditioning Constraints on learning Social learning Teaching Information processing: Stimulus filtering, biased data analysis Information centers
B & C of group living for foraging success Where we are now: Animal Behavior Core Concepts Common Assumptions that Need Correcting Same Genotype, Different Phenotype Same Population, Different Phenotype
Same Population, Different Information Same Population, Different Interests: Conflict between Conspecifics Cooperation Conflict: A behavior or behavioral interaction that is costly to one individual and beneficial
to another individual of the same species. Sexual conflict Intrasexual competition Parent-offspring conflict
Sibling conflict Furness et al. 2015 Case Study: Sexual Cannibalism
in Mantids Concept Mapping Cartooning Methods Interpreting Data
1) Buddhism had spread all the way to China 2) the Gupta's government was tolerant and good 3) the caste system was beginning to fully develop, including creating a permanent underclass Note: Gupta India was very economically influential…LOTS of cotton...
Understand the guest cycle in a hotel - Reception, Registration, and Rooming (3Rs). Discuss the significance of "Moments of Truth" Managing waiting lines in a hotel. Read a Registration Card. List a variety of hotel uniformed service.
York state Senate. FDR Background Info. 1913 appointed Assistant. Secretary to Navy by Wilson. 1920 Democratic Nominee . for Vice President w/Cox. 1921 stricken w/Polio (paralyzed from waist down) ... Alfred Landon. Democrat President. Franklin D. Roosevelt. v. s.
Language Change and Cultural Contact Olha Mahidenko (Hauptstudium LN) Language and Culture Prof. R. Hickey SS 06 Introduction Borrowings, Calques and Interferences. Pidgins and Creoles Language Death I. Borrowings Borrowing (lexical copying, lexical change): the transfer of a word from...
distribution using 6 classes. Draw a histogram, a. frequency polygon, and an ogive for the data, using. relative frequencies. Describe the shape of the. histogram. 23 30 20 27 44 26 35 20 29 29. 25 15 18 27 19...
Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India in 1865. ... cower verb to crouch down, as in fear or shame The puppy cowers in the corner when he is scolded. ... to life or consciousness We threw water on his...
Next, group two forces to create couple C For More Than One Force A similar procedure is used when there are many forces on the body: A parallel force system has the lines of action of all forces acting parallel...
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