The Invisible Killers The Unseen Dangers of a Toxic Our Toxic World, Our Body Burden Multiple environmental toxins Total load exceeds the bodys ability to adapt The Damages: Immunotoxicity Asthma, Allergies, Cancers & Chronic Disease Neurotoxicity Cognition, Memory, Sensory &
Motor Dysfunction Endocrine toxicity Reproduction, Libido & Metabolism How Are We Exposed? In the Air: Heavy Metals, volatile organic, fine particles, various gasses, molds and spores
In the Water: Bacteria and protozoa, persistent organics chemicals (DDT, PCBs, dioxin, PBDEs), pesticides, MTBE from gasoline, fluoride, chlorine and trihalomethanes In The Food We Eat: Heavy metals, pesticides, hormones, food preparation (C8 or PFOA from nonstick cookware, Aluminum from cookware) Andfrom the ones who love us! Global Concern Its In the Air Americans 116 toxic chemicals up from 27 in 2001 Asia 1M die from pollutants Sweden increased risk of diabetes linked to exposure to PCBs, POPs
and insecticides 1460 metric tons of airborne toxins travel the jet stream around the world Were Surrounded Its In the Air Inhale 5000 gallons of air each day
US facilities released 4.7 B lbs of toxins into the air 72 M lbs are known carcinogens Chicago 68 days when air was too unhealthy for children, elderly & the ill Fine particle pollutants (car exhaust & power plants), correlate with increase risk of dying from any cause Were Surrounded Its In the Air
Coal-fired power plants spew sulfates, nitrates and mercury into the airlinked to >20,000 premature deaths each year 10% of women carry mercury concentrations high enough for fetal damage Manufacturing, transportation, electricity generation and other human activities are taking its toll on our health and environment
Were Surrounded There Must Be Something In the Water 7 M illnesses & 1000 deaths each year in US from waterborne microbes Chlorinated chemicals in drinking water linked to increased risk of breast cancer Cyanobacterial toxins linked to illness and disease worldwide Sewage treatment plant workers at much higher risk of respiratory illness, skin rashes, headaches & body aches
Were Surrounded Dont Eat That! Environmental toxins work their way into the food chain 47 states have advisories to limit intake of freshwater fish due to mercury contamination Chlorinated pesticides
FDA finds DDE in 63% of foods surveyed Strongly immunotoxic Present in 84% of fruit & vegetables to schools Herbicides in food linked to many cancers Home Sweet Womb Even Before Were Born Average newborn has 200 different industrial chemicals, pollutants & pesticides in blood Carcinogens Toxic to brain & nervous
system Abnormal development Urban air pollution linked to chromosomal abnormalities in infants in NYC Mothers Give More than Love To Fetus across the Placenta Pregnancy mobilizes fat soluble POPs (dioxin, DDT, PCBs, flame retardants like PBDEs) Lead and methylmercury actively transported Fetus: immature metabolism
results in sequestration in fetal brain Multiple studies (US, Netherlands, Canada) document: >200 chemicals in cord blood ...And More than Nourishment Toxins in breast milk increase the toxic load POPs are bio-concentrated in fat Lactation mobilizes fat stores and associated chemicals POPs transmission in milk much greater than placental
Heavy metals Mercury, Cadmium, Leadall concentrated in breast milk Volatile Organics also found in low levels Exposed To The Elements Fluoride-Vaccinations-Radiation Fluoride Fluorinated drinking water linked to Osteosarcoma & Hypothyroidism Vaccinations Thimerosal causes autism in children Radiation Increased radiation exposure
contributed to rising incidence of breast cancer between 1950 & 1991 The Price of Progress Motor Vehicles Gasoline & diesel fuels contain toxins Engine exhaust Benzene causes cancer Particulate matter damages lung tissue, lowers resistance to
infection & worsens chronic lung diseases Exposure linked to lung cancer Urban areas Industry workers at higher risk No Place Like Home Whats Under the Sink? Cleaning products ADHD & learning disorder Fabric dryer sheets Fragrances & air fresheners Indoor air contamination 1000 times greater than outdoors
Teflon (C8) Non-stick cookware, water-proof clothing, furniture & food wrappers Linked to cancers & toxic gas emission No Place Like Home If The Walls Could Talk 70% of newly decorated homes had unsafe
levels of benzene pollutants Carpet Radon Building materials Mold Tobacco smoke Faulty appliances Natural Disasters Hurricanes (Katrina) 6000 fuel storage tanks leaked 1000 drinking water systems 68,000 barrels of oil were spilled in Gulf of Mexico
Sewage spill contamination Fires/Volcanoes Forest fires release toxic metals Volcanoes emit heavy levels of mercury The Harsh Reality So Many Toxins - So Little Time
Overwhelming number & variety of toxins Some have not been identified or explored Often tasteless, odorless and colorless Major contributor to illness and disease Strong association with diseases of aging and the aging process Health Effects of Toxic Exposures
Heavy Metals Bind to enzymes and to other metalloproteins: disrupt normal cell metabolism Lead, Mercury, Aluminum, Arsenic: brain and nervous tissue (Alzheimers, ADD, Autism, peripheral neuropathy) Cadmium, Nickel: Lung damage / emphysema, sinuses, kidneys, cancer. Chromium, Cobalt, Lead, Mercury: Carcinogens Health Effects of Toxic Exposures Volatile Organic Compounds
Number one toxin in the home (Cleaning agents, pesticides, natural gas, formaldehyde, perchlorethylene, benzene) High concentration: Irritants to lungs, mucous membranes Lower concentrations: Liver, kidney, brain accumulation Long term: Many are known carcinogens and known to disturb immune competence Health Effects of Toxic Exposures Persistent Organic Pollutants Dioxins, DDT, PBDEs,
Lindane, and PCBs are known carcinogens Documented high fetal wastage: Spontaneous abortion Endocrine and immune systems affected Decreased sperm counts and abnormal spermatozoa Neural tissue effects profound in fetus and young The Problem Starts in Children The Scope of the problem Chronic diseases have become
the major causes of illness, hospitalization and death in American children Asthma Cancer Birth defects Neurodevelopmental disorders Obesity and Diabetes Childhood Leukemia Childhood Obesity: Its not just lack of exercise Overweight and Obesity Source: Willet
et al., New Eng J Med, 1999 Prevalence has nearly quadrupled in American children 2.5-fold increased risk of overall mortality 4-fold risk of cardiovascular mortality 5-fold risk of diabetes Risk of hypertension, gall bladder disease, and some cancers Increasing role of endocrine disruptors phthalates and Bisphenol A The Concept of Toxic Burden
The Living Test Tube Over 4 million chemicals recognized by EPA 80,000 commercially made (3 new ones per day) EPA study mid 1990s..71% of 7,000 individuals had significant levels of agents NOT in existence 10 years previously! Most of these chemicals not metabolized and only minimally excreted Unknown long term consequences Today: Lung cancer in non-smokers, increased lymphoma, testicular cancer, early Alzheimers, more autism, ADHD.
SoWhat Can We Do? Are we Helpless? The Invisible Killers The Unseen Dangers of a Toxic
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