Waste options for our compostable packaging Lucy Frankel,

Waste options for our compostable packaging Lucy Frankel,

Waste options for our compostable packaging Lucy Frankel, Vegware @vegware [email protected] Composting = a form of recycling In the EU Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive, organics recycling is equivalent to mechanical recycling. Vegware in UK organics facilities 27 UK organics facilities accept Vegware 22 in-vessel composting 3 open windrow composting 2 equipped wet-AD Products accepted at these facilities 23 - all Vegware products 3 - drinks waste only 1 - fibre-based Vegware only (PLA linings fine, but not 100% PLA) Trials Successful trials at 17 facilities 5 more trials underway (3 IVC, 2 OAW) REA ORG monitored largest trial

9 of these 27 process Vegware on a regular basis Driven by client demand in certain regions Exciting shows potential for growth Challenges: - AD often cheaper gate fees due to subsidies; policy hostile to IVC - Contamination must be minimal, so engagement is vital - Gap is the collection infrastructure Regular trade collections - update 17 th June 19 CLOSE THE LOOP (Vegware's own collections) Bristol, Worcester, Stroud, Cheltenham, Gloucester & region Edinburgh, Glasgow, Central Belt, Borders, Dundee & parts of Fife,

Oban, Fort William, Stranraer COMPOSTING REGIONS Basingstoke, Guildford, Reading, Woking, Bracknell, Swindon, Oxford, Salisbury, Winchester Shrewsbury, Wolverhampton, Telford, Shropshire, Staffs & parts of Powys Nottingham & Derby region Hull & surroundings Highlands of Scotland, Aberdeenshire New Birmingham New Most of Northern Ireland New Leeds, York, Harrogate, Wetherby, Knaresborough & area Soon Home counties St Albans, Milton Keynes, Bedford, Watford, Dacorum FOR LARGE SITES - skips New Ipswich, Norwich & Colchester Cambridge & area, Ely, parts of Norfolk, Lincolnshire, Huntingdonshire, Peterborough, Bury St Edmunds DRINKS WASTE ONLY Isle of Man Somerset More in development

FIBRE-BASED PRODUCTS ONLY London bagged collection More London options in development New post-back service with First Mile - all UK. Ideal for small events / cafes Trade collections for used Vegware now in 1,179 UK postcode districts = 38% of UK (up from 2% in 2012, and 25% in January) Polymer only (35%) PLA clear cups, deli containers CPLA cutlery, hot cup lids Bin liners - MaterBi PLA & PBAT carrier bags, food prep gloves Ecovio or PLA straws Compostable polymers are vital fibre alone isnt a major solution 2018-19 Vegware sales by material

22 35 Plastics tax Will UK penalize compostable polymers for not being RPET? 39 61 Without mixed, split = 61% fibre, 39% polymer Polymer-only products Fibre-only products Mixed: ~90% fibre + ~10% polymer

window or lining 43 Fibre only (22%) Bagasse plates, bowls, takeaway boxes Paper bags, straws, sheets Wooden cutlery Card sleeves, trays Pulp trays Palm leaf plates Napkins & roll NatureFlex Mixed (43%) Paper cups, soup containers Sandwich wedges, salad boxes If you're gonna do it, do it right

Costs of a compostable SME Current costs Compostability lab testing ~ 14,000 per family of products or per material Compostability certification (OK Compost, Din Certco, BPI, CMA etc) ~ 20,000+ per year Food safety certification ~ 5,000+ per year New product development - 180,000 spent on tooling this year PRNs ~ 14,000 (but none of that goes to organics recycling facilities ) 3 full time Recycling Advisors & staff time to create bespoke bin signage etc BBIA & REA ORG memberships Future? UK plastics tax ? Penalized for not being trad plastic? ? If 30% bio-based = exemption / lower rate, do we need to invest in certification proving bio-based content? What will that cost, and will we get support?

PRN / EPR reform 10-18-fold increase expected but will the organics recycling sector benefit? Life Cycle Analyses? We have 300+ products, a global supply chain, and sell to 70 countries. LCAs are complex & expensive. If these are to be required, will there be a standardised system & financial support? Thank you [email protected] vegware.com/composting detailed FAQs [email protected] advice on waste options

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