Prehistory - Petal School District

Prehistory - Petal School District

Toward Civilization Prehistory--500 B.C. Early Man Does Geography help us understand why civilizations grew where they did?

Check out these places on Google Earth COMMON? HAVE IN WHAT

PLACES THESE DID Border Cave A major archeological site in Zululand, South Africa and home of Old Stone Age hunters and gatherers

**Write the red, underlined information on the Border Cave side of the prediction sheet at the top When did life begin? No one knows for sure when life began What is the Border Cave? Border Cave is a rock shelter in the

Lebombo Mountains between South Africa and Swaziland, in Kwazulu Natal, South Africa. What continent is the border cave located? Africa

the worlds second largest continent that lies south of Europe What country is the Border Cave located? South Africa What two oceans border this country?

Atlantic and Indian Oceans In what part of South Africa is the Border Cave located? northeast

Old Stone Age during this period that lasted from about 12,000 years ago stone tools were the most common technology used by humans. How did such technology give one long period of time its name? Stone tools were the main technology so

this is where the name Old Stone Age came from On the back of your study guide, write Old Stone Age and draw a picture of the Old Stone Age Should include a man with stone tools OLD Stone Age Nomadsmoved from

place to place The time until about 12,000 years ago Stone Tools/ Nomads- moved from place to place **Put this on chart under Settlement

* During this period of prehistory people developed the ability to use fire!!!! What are two ways the development of this technology affected their lives? Hint

It made it possible to cook They could move to colder climates Put this on chart under fire

Where did the Border Cave people live? In a cave!!!!!!!! The cave was lined with grass and heated by fire. Bows and Arrows

Conclusion: they put grass to make the cave more comfortable. Heated wiith fire. the remains unearthed in the Border Cave in southern Africa-- included the skeleton of an infant

They also held religious * convictions and believed in the afterlife, for the body of the infant had been carefully and ceremoniously buried. The baby had been buried with seashell beads. This suggest that the baby was deeply cared for.

These beads also proved they valued beauty and had contact with the sea. Who studies remains of the past? Archaeologists What is the meaning on the term technology? Add definition to the chart

under tools.. The use of skills to meet practical needs Example of early mans technology Stone tools were used to chop and cut They were also used as spearheads for hunting Hunting

and Gathering The Border Cave inhabitants were hunter-gatherers. *

Hunter-gatherers were people of the Old Stone Age who met needs by hunting animals and gathering plants. **add this definition to the chart under Hunting and gathering Almost all of human prehistory took

place during the Old Stone Age. **add this information under the chart. Early Man Old Stone Age tools Why is art from ancient

times important?? There are no written records from those times

Early People Go to Chapter 1 Section 3 on your study guide About 12,000 years ago Earths cool

climate began to warm. This change caused the number of plants and animals on Earth to soar. The number of people grew as well, as hunters and gatherers around the world took advantage of Earths new bounty.

* Add this to the top of the study guide Chapter 1 Section 3 New Stone Age During this period people still mainly depended on stone tools and they began experimenting with agriculture. The New Stone Age began about 12,000 years ago What change took place on Earth around the time of the New Stone Age?

The Earth began to warm This period lasted About 6000 years. **Draw a picture of the New Stone Age on the back of your study guide NEW Stone Age

The time from 12,000 years ago to 6,000 years ago Farming/ domesticated Animals/ settled Put this on chart under Section 3 step 1. Agriculture became important during the

New Stone Age period!!! What is agriculture? Agriculture is the raising of crops and animals for human use. ***add this definition between the first and second box on the Section 3 study guide** * What did

agriculture enable the people of this time period to do? A. People could live in large groups with out need to travel to gather food B. People raised domesticated plants and animals

What does domesticate mean? To train to be useful to human beings ***add this definition between the second & 3rd box on the Section 3 study guide** Name two things that the ancient man domesticated?

Animals Plants Example: Learning to plants seeds and care for the plant (wheat, barley, peas)

Goats, cattle, and sheep * In order for farming settlements to develop into cities the

Water needed a good source of _____________. hint Surplus an extra supply of something, such as crops that are not needed immediately for food *

*add this definition between in the third box on the Section 3 study guide** Extra food left over Extra milk from the cows *Because of surplus the population grew

***add this to the third box on the Section 3 study guide** Since people didnt need to grow food, this led to specialization and become skilled at other trades such as making tools, bricks, and pots. Specialization training to do a particular kind of work

***add this definition to the fourth box on the Section 3 study guide** *Because of improved farming techniques, population grew ***add this to the fifth box on the Section 3 study guide** ***add this to the fifth box on the Section 3 study guide** Trade & Spread of Ideas

Items traded: pottery/ tools/ weapons/ baskets/ cloth/ spices Items traded for: food/ goods needed One of the most amazing inventions: Wheel & axle

Traders easily spread new ideas & information with different cultures ***add this to the fifth box on the Section 3 study guide** Civilization a culture that has developed systems of specialization, religion, learning, and government

***add this to the 7th box on the Section 3 study guide** Social classes developed- a group , or class, that is made up of people with similar backgrounds, income and ways of living ***add this to the 8th box on the Section 3 study guide** The Neolithic site of atal hyk was first discovered in the

late 1950s. The site rapidly became famous internationally due to the large size and dense occupation of the settlement, as well as the spectacular wall paintings and other art that was uncovered inside the houses. Click to see picture

How do you pronounce Catal Huyuk? CHAH tul HOO yook Click here to hear for the pronunciation What does atal Huyk mean?

Forked Mound Catal Huyuk is considered to be one of the worlds first farming community Where is Catal Huyuk? Turkey

Catal Huyuk had a population of about 5000 people Why are they studying atal Hyk? To learn more about the Neolithic Period, or New Stone Age, when people began abandoning hunter-gatherer lifestyles to settle in communities, grow crops, and raise animals.

Lets take the TOUR Click here Living in Catal Huyuk? The homes were built to last. The houses had brick walls coated with plaster. The houses were built right against each other.

Why do you think the houses were built right next to each other? Protection maybe There were no streets in Catal Huyuk? hmmmmm

There were no door in Catal Huyuk? hmmmm Why??? And how did they get from place to place and how did they get in their homes??????? Simple

protection again They entered their homes through the roof They used a ladder diagram shows the dense

house layout. Reconstruction drawing of an 'aerial view' of the Neolithic site in spring Layout See in real time

Click On arrow Click here Click here

1996 Excavations in the Mellaart area with the wall lifting machinery on the right Before cleaning After cleaning Interesting fact about Catal Huyuk!!!!!!!!!!

What happened when you died in this civilization? Click here to See the bones After a body was placed in a pit, the pit was filled with clay and the opening sealed with plasterthe platform was coated with a fresh layer of plaster. to add a burial to this pit, it was opened, cleared

of earth, the bones of the previous burial pushed aside to make space, and the new burial, tightly wrapped in cloth or reed matting was placed in the pit and resealed. Interestingly, most adults were buried without any grave goods. Babies and children- often buried with long strands of small polished beads made of stone, shell or coral.

Copper armband found on one of the individuals excavated in the 4040 area. . Wall paintings discovered in the 1960s Trade the exchange of goods between peoples The crafts in Catal

Huyuk attracted many people to the city and they began to trade their beautiful items for those that others had to offer. Exceptional

flint 'daggers with decorative one handles These are modern Obsidian points. This black volcanic glass

was the economic fuel that powered Catal Huyuk. Obsidian products from Catal Huyuk were found in Syria, and Syrian pottery was found Infe U nd r S

in Catal Huyuk. ur er de W m s ha is tan duc e, d e

st t ,a at ca co ss nc em n um

lu en yo de e u ta i bo nfe ve r f

?? ro The people of Catal Huyuk ?? m th traded with the e people of Syria

Trade Figure 3: Skeletons excavated under the northwest platform of building 1. The deep sounding at the end of September 1999, with the

excavators standing on lake marl. Infant burial conserved and lifted in box , Excavation Figure 22. Grave F.735: a young female c. 1825

Finds from the recent excavations Clay figure Hook bone Stone and shell beads

Obsidian point Neolithic pot Clay objects reconstruction of how it may have looked if the

holes in its head were used for decorative purposes. We do not know what the people of Catal Huyuk believed but religion was obviously important to them. They made figurines of clay and stone, which may have

been gods and goddesses. They also mounted bull's skulls on the walls of some buildings and covered them in plaster to resemble living heads. It is believed these buildings were shrines. Catal Huyuk was abandoned about 5,000 BC. Nobody

knows why but it may have been due to climate change. Catal Huyuk was then forgotten for thousands of years till it was rediscovered in 1958. Excavation began in 1961. What happen to Catal Huyuk ???

The End Link on slide 8 just goes to video hit enter when it finishes playing http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/ lascaux/en/ To the cave with flashlight and

An extra link Prehistory Vocabulary

Stone Age nomad fertile domesticate irrigation

surplus artisan civilization

social class High use words: Evidence/ ward off characterize/ pastoral/ occupation/ refine/ axle/ prosperity 1. Technology 2. Old Stone Age 3. Hunter-gatherer

4. Border Cave 5. Agriculture 6. New Stone Age 7. Domesticate 8. Surplus 9. Specialization 10.Civilization 11.Trade

12.Time line 13.Circa Lets Explore

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