Presentación de PowerPoint - RIUAEMex

Presentación de PowerPoint - RIUAEMex

FACULTAD DE PLANEACIN URBANA Y REGIONAL LICENCIATURA EN CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES UNIDAD DE APRENDIZAJE: INGLS C2 Crditos institucionales de la UA: 6 Material visual: Diapositivas Unidad de competencia I PA S S I V E V O I C E Elaborado por M. en C.E.F: Vernica Vilchis Esquivel Semestre 2016-B

1 Cmo emplear este material? El presente material tiene el propsito facilitar la exposicin grfica del tema Passive voice que se aborda en la unidad de aprendizaje I Describing simple processes about environment que corresponde al sexto semestre de la Licenciatura en Ciencias Ambientales, cuya rea de docencia es Metodolgica Instrumental y la sub rea acadmica es Idioma. La presentacin deber ir acompaada de una explicacin oral del catedrtico, ya que la aportacin que ste pueda hacer mediante ejemplos y situaciones

cotidianas brindar la oportunidad para que los estudiantes construyan su conocimiento de una forma slida y bien soportada. 2 FUNCTIONS OF THE PASSIVE VOICE The passive voice is used to point out interest in the person, or object, experiencing the action rather than in the person or object which performs it.

3 Example: Example: * The house was built in 2001 ( we are interested in the house, not in who built it).

* The road is being repaired. (we are interested in the road, not in the people who are repairing it). 4 Sometimes we use the passive voice because we do not know, or do not want to express, who performed the action. 5

Examples: * I realised that the door had been left closed. * Every year thousands of immigrants are killed in USA. * All the cookies have been stolen. 6 The passive voice is often used in formal texts. By switching to the active voice it will help you express your ideas thus making it easier to understand them.

7 . PASSIVE ACTIVE 1) Waste materials are disposed of in a variety of ways. 1) The city disposes of waste

materials in a variety ways. 2) Our planet is polluted with greenhouse gases. 2) Greenhouse gases pollute our planet. 8 If we want to say who or what

performs the action, we will use the preposition: BY 9 WARNING ! When we know who performed the action and we are interested on him / her, we can use BY, but it is better to use the ACTIVE VOICE.

10 PASSIVE Lucy in the sky with diamonds was composed by the Beatles. ACTIVE The Beatles composed Lucy in the sky with diamonds.

11 PASSIVE Penicilin was discovered by Fleming. ACTIVE Fleming discovered penicilin.

12 PASSIVE These containers were designed by a scientist. ACTIVE A scientist designed these

containers. 13 FORMING THE PASSIVE VOICE VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE 14 VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE

It is necessary to use the verb TO BE in the appropriate tense, according to the context. 15 VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE Simple Present: to be +

1) The streets are past participle swept 16 VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE

Present continuous: to be 1) The streets + are being past participle

swept 17 VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE Simple Past: to be 1) The streets +

were past participle swept 18 VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE Past continuous:

to be 1) The streets + past participle were being swept

19 VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE Present perfect: to be 1) The streets +

have been past participle swept 20 VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE Past perfect: to be

1) The streets + had been past participle swept

21 USING ACTIVE VOICE VERSUS PASSIVE VOICE In a sentence using active voice, the SUBJECT performs the action expressed in the verb. THE DOG subject bit

the boy 22 USING ACTIVE VOICE VERSUS PASSIVE VOICE In a sentence using active voice, the SUBJECT performs the action expressed in the verb. THE SCIENTIST subject

has conducted an experiment. 23 USING ACTIVE VOICE VERSUS PASSIVE VOICE In a sentence using passive voice, the SUBJECT is acted upon, because he / she / it receives the action expressed in the verb. THE EXPERIMENT object has been conducted

by the scientist. 24 USING ACTIVE VOICE VERSUS PASSIVE VOICE In a sentence using passive voice, the SUBJECT is acted upon, because he / she receives the action expressed in the verb. THE BOY was bitten by the dog.

25 EXERCISES: * Identify the subject (agent), the verb (action) and the object in these sentences: My father mixes garbage. Subject: ___________ Verb: _____________ Object: ____________ 26

ANSWER KEY My father mixes garbage. Subject: My father Verb: mixes Object: garbage 27 EXERCISES:

* Identify the subject (agent), verb (action) and object in these sentences: The scavengers sell plastic. Subject: ___________ Verb: _____________ Object: ____________ 28 ANSWER KEY

The scavengers sell plastic. Subject: The scavengers Verb: sell Object: plastic 29 EXERCISES: * Identify the subject (agent), verb (action) and object in these sentences:

The president is opening the dump tomorrow. Subject: ___________ Verb: _____________ Object: ____________ 30 ANSWER KEY The president is opening the dump tomorrow. Subject: The President Verb: is opening

Object: the dump 31 EXERCISES: * Identify the subject (agent), verb (action) and object in these sentences: The bridge was destroyed by the storm last night. Subject: ___________ Verb: _____________

Object: ____________ 32 ANSWER KEY The bridge was destroyed by the storm last night. Subject: the storm Verb: was destroyed Object: the bridge 33

EXERCISES: * Identify the subject (agent), verb (action) and object in these sentences: My hybrid car has been stolen! Call the police!!!! Subject: ___________ Verb: _____________ Object: ____________ 34

ANSWER KEY My hybrid car has been stolen! Call the police!!!! Subject: --------Verb: has been stolen Object: My hybrid car 35 EXERCISES: * Decide if these sentences are written in ACTIVE or PASSIVE VOICE. 1)

2) 3) 4) 5) That door WAS PAINTED yesterday. ___________ Michelangelo PAINTED the Sistine Chapel. ___________ Michael Schumacher DRIVES for Ferrari. ___________

In the UK, everyone DRIVES on the left. ___________ Inter-city trains ARE USUALLY DRIVEN by men. ___________ 36 ANSWER KEY 1) 2) 3) 4)

5) That door WAS PAINTED yesterday. PASSIVE Michelangelo PAINTED the Sistine Chapel. ACTIVE Michael Schumacher DRIVES for Ferrari. ACTIVE In the UK, everyone DRIVES on the left. ACTIVE Inter-city trains ARE USUALLY DRIVEN by men.

PASSIVE 37 EXERCISES: * Write PASSIVE SENTENCES using the verbs in brackets. 1. I ___________________ (teach) by an old Japanese man. 2. This letter ____________________(should/type), not handwritten! 3. The documents _____________ (should/print) today. 38

ANSWER KEY 1. I WAS TAUGHT (teach) by an old Japanese man. 2. This letter SHOULD BE TYPED (should/type), not handwritten! 3. The documents SHOULD BE PRINTED today. 39 EXERCISES: * Put the following ACTIVE sentences into PASSIVE VOICE. 1) The gardener has planted some trees.

______________________________________________ 2) Paul has finished his assignment. _______________________________________________ 40 ANSWER KEY 1) The gardener has planted some trees. Some trees have been planted by the gardener. 2) Paul has finished his assignment. His assignment has been finished by Paul.

41 EXERCISES: * Put the following ACTIVE sentences into PASSIVE VOICE. 3) They will advertise the product on TV. ______________________________________________ 2) Someone is repairing the fence. _______________________________________________ 42 ANSWER KEY

3) They will advertise the product on TV. The product will be advertised on Tv by them. 2) Someone is repairing the fence. The fence is being repaired by someone. 43 Bibliografa Oxenden, C. et. al. (2005). New English File Pre-intermediate, OUP Elbaum, S. (2010). Grammar in Context (Vols. 1, 2 & 3) Heinle Cengage learning. 5 th ed. USA http://www.grammarbank.com/esl-passive-voice.html. Consultado en septiembre de 2016.

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/owlprint/539/. Consultado en octubre de 2016. http://www.edufind.com/english/english-gramar/passive-voice/. Consultado en septiembre de 2016. 44

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