Presentazione di PowerPoint - ISA

Presentazione di PowerPoint - ISA

HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA AND CLUI THE FRENCH AND ITALIAN BRANCHES OF THE EUROPEAN NETWORK OF ASSOCIATIONS SUPPORTING AUTOMATION END-USERS DARIO FANTONI President of CLUI HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 THE EUROPEAN ASSOCIATIONS 1962 IN ENGLAND THE SIREP, TODAY EI EVALUATION INTERNATIONAL 1963 IN THE NETHERLANDS THE WIB WORKING-PARTY ON INSTRUMENT BEHAVIOUR 1974 IN FRANCE THE EXERA ASSOCIATION DES EXPLOITANTS DEQUIPEMENTS, DE MESURE, DE REGULATION ET DAUTOMATISME 1982 THE THREE ASSOCIATIONS JOINT TOGETHER FORMING THE EWE INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENT USERS ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SUB-GROUPS ARE ESTABLISHED IN MAIN

ASSOCIATIONS: SWEDISH SIP INSIDE EI ITALIAN CLUI INSIDE EXERA October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 2/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 WIB AND EI MEMBERS AKZO NOBEL ENGINEERING WIB AWE EI BP PLC EI BRITISH ENERGY PLC EI BRITISH NUCLEAR GROUP - EI CHIYODA CORPORATION WIB DOW BENELUX WIB DSM TECHNOPARTNERS BV WIB DU PONT DE NEMOURS BV WIB

ENVIRONMENT AGENCY EI EXXONMOBIL USA WIB HEALTH & SAFETY EXECUTIVE EI HEINEKEN TECHNICAL SERVICES WIB October 19, 2006 KEMA NEDERLAND BV WIB LABORELEC WIB NEDERLANDS MEETINSTITUUT WIB NESTEC LTD WIB NPL MANAGEMENT LTD - EI PETRO SA WIB R&M INDUSTRIESERVICE HCHST - WIB SHELL GLOBAL SOLUTIONS INT. WIB SOLVAY BV BENELUX WIB UKAEA EI SIP STANDARDISERRAD INSTRUMENTPROVNING EI Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 3/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006

EXERA AND CLUI MEMBERS ACETEX CHIMIE E ADEME E AEROPORT DE PARIS E AGENCE DE LEAU ARTOIS PICARDIE E AIR LIQUIDE E ARKEMA E ARKEMA ITALIA C ASM BRESCIA C AVENTIS PASEURT E BP FRANCE E CETIAT E CETIM E COGEMA E DGA E ELECTRICITE DE FRANCE (EDF) E ENEL GENERAZIONE C ENIACQUA CAMPANIA C FEDERUTILITY C GAZ DE FRANCE E October 19, 2006

GENERALE DES EAUX E GIP GEMCEA E INERIS E INST. DE REGULATION ET AUTOMATION E INST. NAT. DE RECHERCHE & SECURITE E ITALCEMENTI C LABORATOIRE NATIONAL DESSAIS E LUBRIZOL E NANTES METROPOLE E POLIMERI EUROPA C RATP E RENAULT SA E RHODITECH E SAINT-GOBAIN E SHELL FRANCE E SNCF E SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT E TOTAL FRANCE E UNIVERSITA DI GENOVA C Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 4/

20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 MISSION AND OBJECTIVES TO TAKE THE BEST PROFIT FROM THE FEW TECHNICAL AND ECONOMICAL RESOURCES AVAILABLE IN END-USERS STRUCTURES FOR ADVANCED AUTOMATION APPLICATIONS TO EXCHANGE EXPERIENCES ON USE OF AUTOMATION DEVICES IN INDUSTRIAL PLANTS TO DISTRIBUTE AMONG MEMBERS THE RESULTS OF ALL THE PROJECTS CARRIED OUT BY THE ASSOCIATIONS TO REPRESENT END-USERS INSIDE STANDARDIZATION BODIES AND PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS TO INTERFACE MULTINATIONAL AUTOMATION MANUFACTURERS AS A COMMUNITY OF END-USERS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 5/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006

ISA EXPO 2006 ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATIONS ARE OPEN TO END-USERS ONLY FIELDS OF INTEREST ARE IDENTIFIED BY THE MEMBERS DEDICATED WORKING GROUPS ARE ESTABLISHED FOR THE DIFFERENT AREAS OF INTEREST WGs LAUNCH PROJECTS ON IDENTIFIED SUBJECT, ADDRESS AND FOLLOW PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT, ANALYSE AND REPORT RESULTS ACTIVITIES (BOTH INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL: i.e. TESTS, EXPERTISES ETC.) OF A GIVEN WG, ARE FINANCED BY THE QUOTA OF MEMBERS FEES ASSIGNED TO THAT WG PROJECT RESULTS ARE REPORTED IN DOCUMENTS DISTRIBUTED TO ALL THE EWE MEMBERS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 6/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006

ISA EXPO 2006 PRODUCTS REPORTS ON EVALUATION TESTS ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF DEVICES PRODUCED BY DIFFERENT MANUFACTURERS TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS (i.e.: GUIDES AND SPECIFICATIONS) FOR SUPPORTING USERS ON THE CHOICE AND PURCHASE OF AUTOMATION PRODUCTS ALL THE DOCUMENTS PRODUCED BY EI, WIB AND CLUI ARE IN ENGLISH WORKSHOPS, CONFERENCES AND TRAINING COURSES ARE ORGANIZED ON THEMES OF INTEREST FOR USERS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 7/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 EXERA WAY OF OPERATING

MEMBERS PAY AN ANNUAL FEE DEPENDING ON COMPANY SIZE A MEMBERS MORE THAN 500 EMPLOYEES FULL FEE: ABOUT 18,000 $ B MEMBER LESS THAN 500 EMPLOYEES: 30% OF THE FULL FEE C MEMBERS BRANCHES OF EWE A MEMBERS : 30% OF THE FULL FEE ONE PART (ABOUT 30%) OF THE FEES COVERS ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS. THE BALANCE IS USED FOR FINANCING SELECTED PROJECTS MEMBERS REPRESENTATIVES ELECT BOARD OF DIRECTORS BOARD NOMINATES PRESIDENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS AND ESTABLISHES TECHNICAL STRUCTURES: MANAGING AND TECHNICAL DIRECTORS, SECRETARIAT, WORKING GROUPS AND CONVENORS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 8/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 CLUI CLUB UTILIZZATORI ITALIANI ESTABLISHED IN 2002, INSIDE EXERA, BY THE FIVE ITALIAN

COMPANIES AT THAT TIME ASSOCIATED TO EXERA TODAY ABOUT TEN MEMBERS REPRESENTING: CEMENT INDUSTRIES CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES UTILITIES UNIVERSITIES CLUI OBJECTIVES ARE: TO BE INTEGRATED ON THE EUROPEAN NETWORK OF ASSOCIATIONS TO REMAIN INTO EXERA AND BENEFIT FROM ITS ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION TO BE AUTONOMOUS ON THE DEFINITION OF FIELDS AND PROJECTS OF INTEREST, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT PECULIARITIES OF ITALIAN MARKET October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 9/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 CLUI ORGANIZATION

ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION MANAGED BY EXERA DEDICATED SECRETARIAT LOCATED IN ITALY THE REPRESENTATIVES OF ALL THE MEMBERS CONSTITUTE THE CLUI MANAGEMENT COUNCIL THE COUNCIL: NOMINATES CLUI OFFICERS (PRESIDENT, TREASURER ETC.) ESTABLISHES THE WORKING GROUPS AND NOMINATES THEIR CONVENORS ALLOCATES AVAILABLE FUNDS (70% OF CLUI FEES) ON EACH SELECTED PROJECT WORKING GROUPS: ESTABLISH THE WORK PLAN, ASSIGN THE EXTERNAL AND/OR INTERNAL TASKS AND SURVEY THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ACTIVITIES REVIEW AND APPROVE THE FINAL DOCUMENTS TO BE DISTRIBUTED TO ALL EWE MEMBERS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 10/ 10/ 20

HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 CLUI WORKING GROUPS TECHNICAL COMMISSION ON INTELLIGENT POSITIONERS ABB USERS GROUP TECHNICAL COMMISSION ON PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS PCS TECHNICAL COMMISSION ON IEC SAFETY STANDARDS REPRESENTATION IN IEC PROMOTION October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 11/ 11/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006

ISA EXPO 2006 TC INTELLIGENT POSITIONERS - 1 OBJECTIVE: EVALUATION OF THE MOST INTERESTING TYPES (ON ITALIAN MARKET) OF INTELLIGENT POSITIONERS CHOICE OF TYPES AND MODELS: ABB, EMERSON, INVENSYS, SIEMENS POSITIONERS, WITH ANALOG OUTPUT, INTEGRATED ON FF FIELDBUS EVALUATION TESTS: ACCORDING TO A TEST PROTOCOL, PREPARED BY THE TC AND BASED ON IEC STANDARD 61514-2 METHODS FOR EVALUATING PERFORMANCES OF INTELLIGENT VALVE POSITIONERS EXECUTION OF EVALUATION TESTS: IN REFERENCE LABORATORIES UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF THE TC PRODUCED DOCUMENTS, IN ENGLISH AND DISTRIBUTED AMONG ALL EWE MEMBERS: THE TESTS PROTOCOL A SW PROGRAM FOR THE GENERATION OF TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF INTELLIGENT POSITIONERS THE FOUR FINAL REPORTS ON TEST RESULTS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 12/

12/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 TC INTELLIGENT POSITIONERS - 2 EVALUATION RESULTS: PERFORMANCES AND COMPATIBILITY TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL DISTURBANCES ARE IN GENERAL SATISFACTORY COMMUNICATION IS NOT A PROBLEM FOR PROCESS CONTROL PURPOSES DATA FOR OFF-LINE FUNCTIONS (MAINLY DIAGNOSTIC) ARE ABUNDANT, BUT THEY ARE NOT SUPPORTED BY ADEQUATE SOFTWARE TOOLS FUTURE WORK: EXPLOITATION OF INTELLIGENT POSITIONERS INTELLIGENCE FOR DIAGNOSTIC AND PREVENTIVE AND PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 13/ 13/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006

ISA EXPO 2006 TC PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS - PCS MISSION: TO HELP END-USERS IN VERIFYING COMPLIANCE OF PCS FUNCTIONALITIES WITH THOSE EXPECTED ACTIVITIES IN PROGRESS: IDENTIFICATION OF THE CRITICAL FUNCTIONS TO BE VERIFIED, USING AN ELECTRONIC QUESTIONNAIRE FILLED IN BY USERS SPECIFICATION OF A TEST PROCEDURE FOR EACH FUNCTION DEFINITION OF A METHOD FOR EVALUATING AND COMPARING THE TEST RESULTS FUTURE WORK: CREATION OF SAMPLE PLATFORM FOR TESTING THE PCS FUNCTIONS. THE GOAL OF THIS TEST BED IS TO MAKE AVAILABLE A STANDARDIZED AND COMMON PLATFORM, WHERE THE PCS FUNCTIONS CAN BE TESTED AND EVALUATED October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 14/ 14/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 ABB USERS GROUP - 1

CONSISTING OF EXPERTS FROM THE MEMBERS, WHO HAVE ABB AUTOMATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS INSTALLED IN THEIR PLANTS MISSION: TO EXCHANGE EXPERIENCES AND OPINIONS ON PROBLEMS OF INSTALLED ABB PRODUCTS AND ON PECULIARITIES OF NEW ABB PROPOSALS TO INTERFACE ABB AND DISCUSS END USERS NEEDS AND PROBLEMS AS A COMMUNITY OF CLIENTS TO SUPPORT MEMBERS WITH COMMON INITIATIVES FOR TRAINING, EXPERTISES ETC. RELATED TO ABB PRODUCTS ACTIVITIES: QUESTIONNAIRE FILLED IN BY CLUI END USERS, TO IDENTIFY PROBLEMS OF INSTALLED ABB SYSTEMS AND TOPICS OF INTEREST FOR THE NEW INDUSTRIALIT SYSTEM FORMAL AUDIT TO ABB BASED ON IDENTIFIED PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 15/ 15/ 20 HOUSTON

1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 ABB USERS GROUP - 2 THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTS HAVE BEEN PRODUCED: THE SURVEY ABOUT THE ABB AUTOMATION SYSTEMS BASED ON THE QUESTIONNAIRE A PRESENTATION ON THE INDUSTRIALIT SYSTEM THE FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIALIT SYSTEM THE FINAL REPORT ON THE RESULT OF THE AUDIT A PAPER ON THE MATTER PUBBLISHED ON A SPECIALIZED REVIEW AN ABB REPRESENTATIVE WAS NOMINATED TO ASSURE A UNIQUE INTERFACE BETWEEN ABB ORGANIZATION AND CLUI FUTURE WORKS WILL BE STARTED IF AND WHEN NEW SUBJECTS OF INTEREST ON ABB PRODUCTS APPLICATIONS WILL BE POINTED OUT BY THE USERS GROUP October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 16/

16/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 TC IEC SAFETY STANDARDS MISSION: TO TRAIN END-USER TECHNICIANS ON THE CONTENTS AND APPLICATION OF IEC SAFETY STANDARDS (IEC 61508 AND IEC 61511) DOCUMENTS TO BE PREPARED: A SUMMARY OF ITALIAN/EUROPEAN TECHNICAL REGULATIONS AND LAWS ABOUT TOLERABLE RISK A GUIDELINE FOR THE APPLICATION OF IEC 61508 & 61511 IN INDUSTRIAL PROCESS A GUIDELINE EXPLAINING HOW ARCHITECTURES, COMPONENTS AND CERTIFICATIONS HAVE TO BE DEFINED TO IMPLEMENT THE ASSIGNED SIL October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 17/ 17/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006

ISA EXPO 2006 REPRESENTATION IN IEC MISSION: TO REPRESENT END-USERS IN STANDARDIZATION BODIES, IN PARTICULAR IN IEC SC65B/WG6, CHARGED TO PREPARE STANDARDS ON INSTRUMENT EVALUATION: CHAIRMAN: CLUI/EXERA PRESIDENT MEMBERSHIP: CANADA, CHINA, FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMANY, GREAT BRITAIN, JAPAN, RUSSIA, SWEDEN, THE NETHERLANDS, USA CLUI/EXERA ACTIVITIES: A CLOSE CONNECTION IS MAINTAINED WITH IEC SC65B/WG6 FOR EVALUATION OF INTELLIGENT FIELD DEVICES CLUI/EXERA EVALUATIONS ARE BASED ON IEC STANDARDS EXPERIENCES FROM PERFORMED TESTS ARE TRANSFERRED TO IEC FUTURE WORK: A PROPOSAL FOR AN IEC GUIDELINE FOR PCS EVALUATION IS SUPPORTED BY CLUI, THAT IS AVAILABLE TO TRANSFER TO WG6 THE RESULTS OF ITS WORK October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 18/ 18/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 PROMOTION

MISSION: TO ENLARGE MEMBERSHIP INFORMING ITALIAN AUTOMATION END-USERS ABOUT MISSION AND ACTIVITIES OF CLUI/EXERA AND EWE INITIATIVES: DIRECT CONTACTS WITH POSSIBLE NEW MEMBERS PARTICIPATION TO CONFERENCES, EXHIBITS ETC. TO PRESENT CLUI/EXERA ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVITIES PAPERS ON SPECIALIZED PRESS ON MATTERS TREATED ON CLUI WGs ADVERTISING COLLABORATION WITH OTHER PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS TO LAUNCH AND TO BETTER EXPLOIT COMMON INITIATIVES October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 19/ 19/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 CONCLUSIONS INSIDE CLUI AND EXERA WORKING GROUPS:

SPECIALISTS ON DIFFERENT INDUSTRIAL FIELDS ENGAGED ON THE SAME AUTOMATION DEVICES FACING VERY OFTEN THE SAME PROBLEMS MEET AND DISCUSS TOGETHER AND PROMOTE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCES EXCHANGES INITIATIVES NOT PRACTICABLE INSIDE A SINGLE END-USER ORGANIZATION October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 20/ 20/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 COORDINATES AND WEB SITES EXERA: 4 Cit dHauteville 75010 PARIS F Phone: + 33 1 53328008; Fax: + 33 1 53328009 web site: www.exera.com Email: [email protected] CLUI: President: Dario FANTONI Via Trionfale, 6812 00135 ROMA I

Phone & Fax: + 39 06 35402222 Email: [email protected] EI WEB SITE: www.evaluationinternational.com WIB WEB SITE: www.wib.nl October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 21/ 21/ 20 HOUSTON 1719 OCTOBER 2006 ISA EXPO 2006 STATISTICS October 19, 2006 Dario FANTONI: Overview of Mission and Objectives of EXERA and CLUI, the French and Italian Branches of the European Network of Associations Supporting Automation End-Users 22/ 22/ 20

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening: A Comparison

    The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening: A Comparison

    Impact of the Great Awakening on the Colonies. Caused disputes and divisions among denominations. New denominations created, some of which accepted women, blacks and Native Americans. Religious colleges like Princeton and Brown founded to train ministers. Encouraged people to question...
  • State Particle arrangement Movement Properties Solids High density

    State Particle arrangement Movement Properties Solids High density

    Particles have more energy in KE store andmove in random directions at low speeds. Can change shape but difficult to compress. Almost no forces of attraction so separated by large distances, free to move. Particles have more energy in KE...
  • RVCF FALL 2016 CONFERENCE November 6-9, 2016 JW

    RVCF FALL 2016 CONFERENCE November 6-9, 2016 JW

    The discount chain issued a memo to more than 200 of its suppliers this week officially alerting them about a new policy, according to reports from several news agencies. Effective May 30, companies will be fined up to $10,000 for...
  • ACL Data Resources and Tools for Title VI

    ACL Data Resources and Tools for Title VI

    ACL Data Resources and Tools for Title VI. Presented by . Kristen (Krissy) Hudgins, ACL's Office of Performance and Evaluation. May 22, 2019. Good morning, my name is Kristen Hudgins and I work at ACL in the Office of Performance...
  • Reactive Testing workshop - Electric Reliability Council of Texas

    Reactive Testing workshop - Electric Reliability Council of Texas

    GROSS . MW & MVAR (CT and PTs) Gross MW and MVAR Telemetered for IRR Testing. IRR units are modeled at the collector bus on the low side of the GSU . The gross reactive output is the measured value...
  • Final Exam Study guide

    Final Exam Study guide

    Final Exam Study guide . What are the five freedoms guaranteed in the First Amendment . Freedom of Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition, and Religion . Provide an example of a person who would be considered a citizen by birth. Anyone...
  • OWASP Plan - Strawman

    OWASP Plan - Strawman

    OWASP CLASP Project. OWASP CodeCrawler Project. OWASP Content Validation using Java Annotations Project. OWASP DirBuster Project. OWASP Encoding Project. OWASP Google Hacking Project. OWASP Insecure Web App Project. OWASP Interceptor Project. OWASP JSP Testing Tool Project.
  • Los temas del Machismo y el Marianismo en los poemas

    Los temas del Machismo y el Marianismo en los poemas

    Los temas del Machismo y el Marianismo en los poemas Ms. Vazquez El Machismo El machismo es una tendencia de la cultura hispana y también otras culturas Es la preponderancia de lo masculino—el machismo El idea que el hombre es...