Preterite Tense Review Seora Hoffman-Fields Spanish III The Preterite Tense The preterite tense is used to talk about actions that are completed in the past. Preterite Regular Verb Endings ar verbs -er /-ir verbs - yo
- nosotros - -amos t vosotros -aste -asteis yo l ella - Ud. l ella Ud.
ellos ellas -aron Uds. - t -iste nosotros -imos vosotros -isteis ellos -i ellas -ieron Uds. Practicar!
1. I climbed escal 2. you informal singular climbed 3. you formal singular climbed 4. we ran escalaste Ud. escal corrimos 5. you informal plural ran corristeis 6. you formal plural ran Uds. corrieron
Irregular Preterites There are many irregular preterite verbs... (sorry) ....but they still follow a pattern. Pattern #1: regular endings, but no accents The verbs dar (to give) and ver (to see) have regular endings, just no accents. i v = w a s I
I gave = he saw = l vio di o i d a l l e = e v a she g
Pattern #2: -car, -gar, -zar verb spelling change Verbs that end with the letters car, -gar, or zar have a spelling change in the yo form to preserve the correct pronunciation. examples: practicar, jugar, organizar I practiced = practiqu I played = jugu I organized = organic Pattern #3: -ir verbs with stem change in the present tense -ir verbs that have an o to u or e to i stem change in the present tense have a spelling change in the 3rd person forms in the preterite.
examples: dormir, conseguir, preferir he slept = l durmi she followed = ella consigu they preferred = ellos prefirieron Pattern #4: the verbs ir and ser The verbs ir (to go) and ser (to be) have the same irregular conjugations in the preterite. fui fuimos fuiste fuisteis fue
fueron Pattern #5: Verbs with irregular stems in the preterite Some verbs change their stem in the preterite. This group of verbs has their own set of endings. hacer = hic-, hiz- haber = hub- andar = anduv- decir = dij- querer = quisvenir = vin- estar = estuv- traer = traj- tener = tuv-
conducir = conduj- poder = pudponer = pussaber = sup- *these verbs use eron instead of ieron Pattern #5: Verbs with irregular stems in the preterite (continued) These verbs all use the same set of endings: -e -imos -iste -isteis
-o -ieron Pattern #6: verbs that end with double vowels Verbs like leer and caer have spelling changes in 3rd person forms, and have an accent to separate the vowels. le lemos ca camos leste
lesteis caste casteis ley leyeron cay cayeron The to know verbs The to know verbs have different meanings when used in the preterite. verb
present preterite conocer to know someone to meet saber to know facts to find out
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