Project 1 - manningd.nku.edu

Chapter 1 Introduction to HTML Project 1: Introduction to HTML 1 Project Objectives Describe the Internet and its associated key terms Describe the World Wide Web and its associated key terms Identify the types and purposes of Web sites Discuss Web browsers and identify their purpose

Project 1: Introduction to HTML 2 Project Objectives Define Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and the standards used for Web development Discuss the use of Cascading Style Sheets in Web development Define Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language ( DHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML Define Extensible Hypertext Markup Language ( XHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML

Project 1: Introduction to HTML 3 Project Objectives Describe tools used to create HTML documents Discuss the five phases of the Web development life cycle Describe Web site design and the purpose of each Web site structure Describe the importance of testing throughout the Web development life cycle

Project 1: Introduction to HTML 4 What Is the Internet? The Internet is a worldwide collection of computer networks that links millions of computers used by businesses, the government, educational institutions, organizations, and individuals using modems, telephone lines, television cables, and other communications devices and media A network is a group of two or more computers that are connected together to share resources and information

The Internet backbone is a collection of high-speed data lines that connect major computer systems located around the world An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a company that has a permanent connection to the Internet backbone Project 1: Introduction to HTML 5 What Is the Internet? Project 1: Introduction to HTMLto HTML Chapter

1: Introduction 66 What Is the World Wide Web? The World Wide Web, also called the Web, is the part of the Internet that supports multimedia and consists of a collection of linked documents Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a set of rules for exchanging text, graphics, sound, and other multimedia files Web pages are pages of information on the Web A Web site is a related collection of Web pages A home page is the first document users see when they

access a Web site More on Web Project 1: Introduction to HTML 7 What Is the World Wide Web? Project 1: Introduction to HTMLto HTML Chapter 1: Introduction

88 Web Servers Web pages are stored on a Web server, or host, which is a computer that stores and sends (serves) requested Web pages and other files Publishing is copying Web pages and other files to a Web server After the page is published available for viewing by anyone in the world on the Web Project 1: Introduction to HTML 9

Web Site Types and Purposes Electronic commerce (e-commerce) is the buying and selling of goods and services on the Internet Project 1: Introduction to HTML More on Web 10 Web Browsers A Web browser, also called a browser, is a program that

interprets and displays Web pages and enables you to view and interact with a Web page Microsoft Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the address of a document or other file accessible on the Internet http://www.scsite.com/html4e/index.htm A hyperlink, also called a link, is an element used to connect one Web page to another Project 1: Introduction to HTML 11

Web Browsers Menu bar with links URL in Address bar Project 1: Introduction to HTML 12 What Is Hypertext Markup Language? Web pages are created using

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), which is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web HTML uses a set of special instructions called tags or markup to define the structure and layout of a Web document and specify how the page is displayed in a browser HTML is platform independent, meaning you can create, or code, an HTML file on one type of computer and then use a browser on another type of computer to view that file as a Web page Project 1: Introduction to HTML

13 DOCTYPE tag Start HTML tag Strong start tag Horizontal rule tag Paragraph start tag Bold (strong) text End tag indicates end of HTML file Horizontal rule

Paragraph break Paragraph text Project 1: Introduction to HTML 14 HTML Elements Project 1: Introduction to HTML 15

HTML Coding Practices Separate sections of HTML code with spaces Gives an immediate view of the sections of code that relate to one another HTML browsers ignore spaces Spaces inserted within code will not appear on the Web page Project 1: Introduction to HTML 16 Blank lines will not be displayed

in browser Section of code for table Section of code for bulleted list Start paragraph End paragraph Project 1: Introduction to HTML 17

HTML Versions HTML has gone through several versions, each of which expands the capabilities of HTML The most recent version of HTML is HTML 4.01 Most browsers still support previous HTML versions 3.2 and 2.0 W3C maintains HTML standards or specifications More on Web Project 1: Introduction to HTML 18

Cascading Style Sheets With Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), you write code that allows you to control an element within a single Web page or throughout the entire Web site Recommended for large Web sites Example changing a headline style in a Web site containing hundreds of pages easier to do using CSS instead of recoding individual headline links Project 1: Introduction to HTML 19

Cascading Style Sheets h1,h2,h3 { font-family: "lucida calligraphy", arial, 'sans serif'; } p,table,li,{font-family: "lucida calligraphy", arial, 'sans serif'; margin-left: 10pt; } Body { background-color:#fffaf0; } p,li,th,td{font-size: 75%;

} h1,h2,h3,hr {color:#483d8b;} table {border-style:outset} li {list-style: square;) Project 1: Introduction to HTML 20 Dynamic HTML (DHTML) Dynamic HTML (DHTML) describes a combination of HTML tags, CSS, and a scripting language such as JavaScript DHTML allows users to create interactive,

animated Web pages Project 1: Introduction to HTML 21 Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that uses tags to describe the structure and content of a document, not the format Common data format used to transmit data across the internet

Extensible Hypertext Markup Language ( XHTML) is a reformulation of HTML so it conforms to Extensible Markup Language (XML) rules Project 1: Introduction to HTML 22 Extensible Markup Language - - 978-979-53-00

Waterford Crystal Business Card Holder 59.00 Waterford 529.gif 3 - 0911 Belleek Colleen Vase 34.00 Belleek 566.gif 2

- 0090 Cashill Clock by Belleek 110.00 Belleek 555.gif 4 More on Web Project 1: Introduction to HTML

23 Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) Project 1: Introduction to HTMLto HTML Chapter 1: Introduction 24 24 Tools for Creating HTML Documents

A text editor is a program that allows a user to enter, change, save, and print text, such as HTML An HTML editor is a program that provides basic textediting functions, as well as more advanced features, such as color-coding for various HTML tags, menus to insert HTML tags, and spell checkers An HTML object editor, such as Adobe GoLive, provides the additional functionality of an outline editor that allows you to expand and collapse HTML objects and properties, edit parameters, and view graphics attached to the expanded objects A WYSIWYG editor is a program that provides a graphical user interface that allows a developer to preview the Web page during its development More on Web

Project 1: Introduction to HTML 25 Tools for Creating HTML Documents Start italics tag End italics tag Text will be displayed in italics on Web page Project 1: Introduction to HTML

26 Web Development Life Cycle Project 1: Introduction to HTMLto HTML Chapter 1: Introduction 27 27 Web Development Life Cycle

Project 1: Introduction to HTMLto HTML Chapter 1: Introduction 28 28 Web Site Design and Development Project 1: Introduction to HTMLto HTML

Chapter 1: Introduction 29 29 Web Site Design and Development A linear Web site structure connects Web pages in a straight line Project 1: Introduction to HTML 30

Web Site Design and Development A hierarchical Web site structure connects Web pages in a tree-like structure Project 1: Introduction to HTML 31 Web Site Design and Development A webbed Web site structure has no set organization More on Web

Project 1: Introduction to HTML 32 Web Site Design and Development A broad Web site is one in which the home page is the main index page, and all other Web pages are linked individually to the home page Project 1: Introduction to HTML 33 Web Site Design and Development

A deep Web site is one that has many levels of pages, requiring the user to click many times to reach a particular Web page More on Web Project 1: Introduction to HTML 34 Web Site Testing

(basic steps testing content and functionality) Proofreading content and page titles for spelling Checking links are not broken Checking graphics appear properly

Ensure accessibility, internationalization addressed Testing forms and other interactive elements Testing pages make sure they load quickly Printing each page see how they look Review HTML code to meet W3C standards Project 1: Introduction to HTML 35 Web Site Testing Usability is the measure of how well a product, such as a Web site, allows a user to accomplish

his or her goals Usability testing is a method by which users of a Web site or other product are asked to perform certain tasks in an effort to measure the products ease-of-use and the users perception of the experience Project 1: Introduction to HTML 36 Web Site Testing More on Web

Project 1: Introduction to HTML 37 Project Summary Describe the Internet and its associated key terms Describe the World Wide Web and its associated key terms Identify the types and purposes of Web sites Discuss Web browsers and identify their purpose Project 1: Introduction to HTML

38 Project Summary Define Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and the standards used for Web development Discuss the use of Cascading Style Sheets in Web development Define Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language ( DHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML Define Extensible Hypertext Markup Language ( XHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML Project 1: Introduction to HTML

39 Project Summary Describe tools used to create HTML documents Discuss the five phases of the Web development life cycle Describe Web site design and the purpose of each Web site structure Describe the importance of testing throughout the Web development life cycle Project 1: Introduction to HTML

40 Chapter 1 Complete Introduction to HTML Project 1: Introduction to HTML 41

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