TRENT GLOBAL COLLEGE BUILT ENVIRONMENT COURSE LESSON (7) LESSON (7) Assignment - Student Practicing Architecture Drawings (Manually) - Plan - Elevation - Section Project Assignment Student to transform the Architecture design proposal into a constructive technical drawings for contractor to carryout the
building construction The purpose of this assignment is to allow you to exercise and practice by applying the disciplinary of Architectural drawings technically and analytical thinking, practically. S/N A. .A.1 DESCRIPTION OF WORK General Information Refer to Appendix. (1-4) A small family landed unique and unconventional bungalow house in a trendy modern European style with a flat roof and external with entertaining infinity pool. A.2 The building is new and you are required to prepare the Technical Drawings
based on the given perspective attached and the following information:- A.2 Drawings given are briefly drawn as consist of :- A.3 First Storey Plan Living Hall LH, Open kitchen Pantry KT, Staircase ST, Powder Room A.4 PR, Utility Room UR & Store Room SR Second Storey Plan Staircase ST, Common Bath Room CBR, Corridor CR, Master Bed Room MBR, Walk-in Closet Room WCR, Master Bath Room MBR , Guest Bed Room GBR & Childrens Bed Room CBR
S/N DESCRIPTION OF WORK A.5 Two Perspective Presentation Drawings 4 night scene perspective view showing all building elevation with the infinity pool, including a schematic plan (First & Second Storey) A.6 Important Notes:The perspective image shown may not be practically constructive. Therefore you are to adjust or make necessary changes according to the orthographic projection line, and information below (Item C1 & C2) practically. B.
Drawing Criterial B.1 Re-set the layout plan with more constructive information for construction. B.2 You are allow to change the layout plan according to your life style preference and exercise with analytical thinking, if necessary. Example: Enclose the Kitchen instead open kitchen: enlarge the children bed room and re-locate the master bath room. Or add a washing room at Utility or store room. B.3. External work does not required to show, meaning the infinity pool need not have to show. To draw only the layout plan , Elevation & section of the building.
S/N DESCRIPTION OF WORK C. C.1 Drawing Information Requirement Architecture Information:- C.2 - 400 mm thick perimeter walls are cavity wall -
Window & Door height 2400mm high. - Staircase tread & riser (250 T /165R)mm - Both First & Second Storey Height (3300mm) - Fascia Height (400) exclude roof beam. - Internal level is 100 higher than external ground level.
- Bath Room level drop 50mm Structure Information :- All the RC wall (400mmThk), Length refer to drawing attached.(Non-conventional) - RC slab thickness 200mm - RC Flat Roof slab (200 mm thick with 100mm thick roof with insulation). S/N DESCRIPTION OF WORK D.
Submittal Of Drawings D.1 Drawn to scale either 1: 100 in A3 or 1 : 50 in A2 sizes D.2 Either drawn by pencil or pen on white paper or tracing D.3 With Title Block Submit the following drawings:- D.4
a. First Storey Layout Plan b. Second Storey Layout Plan c. Elevations - W & X d. Section -Y & Z D.5 You are to re-set the plan and provide all the necessary dimensions, clear annotation, symbol with legend and cross references among the drawings etc. based on what you generally had gone through. QUICK REVISION ON KEY REQUIREMENTS FROM PREVIOUS LESSON FOR THE ASSIGNMENT Emphasis Of This Assignment Lesson (1) - Line & Texture
Lesson (2) - Analytical Thinking Lesson (3) - General Key requirements and elements consist in the Technical Drawings Lesson (3) 1. Project name & titles, numbering and project reference. 2. Directional View & Cross references Indication 3.
General annotation (state the name of the compartment room or area ) 4. Grid lines with code numbers and Alphabetical orders 5. Dimension in the drawings 6. Brief description of works (Annotation) 7.
Symbol and/or Legend a. Floor & Wall Finishes b. Fixture Fitting (Sanitary) 8. Doors & Windows schedule 9. Sectional Detail, Enlarge Detailing 10. Blownup detail diagram for complex detail construction, if necessary. Lesson (4) - Orthographic Projection
Lesson (5) - Architectural Dimension - Rules For Dimensioning - Common Sizes Of Architectural Feature Lesson (6) - Architectural Drawing Sequences & Procedure Types of line for Architecture Drawing Thin Full Line Middle Thick Line Dark Bold line Double Line Shade Line Hidden Line Dash Line
Thin Line is use as a guide line Mid -line is use to draw the object, such as doors, (The swing arch to be tin Line), Sanitary or Fixture Fitting etc. Dark bold line for sectional walls form the plan view or any objects. Double line is for window glazing. Shade line or shading is for structure elements like columns, sectional beam and slab. Hidden or Dash line is for elements above or below on the plan, as well as on the elevation or section. Center Line Center line are also use for grid line. Phantom/ Cutting Plane
Phantom/Cutting Plane line is use for boundary line and indicating the cutting line through the objects. Line Break Line Break Line is cutting off or shorten the elements or objects. B. Rules For Dimensioning 1 Architectural dimension lines are unbroken lines with dimensions placed above the line. 2.
In drawing plans, millimeter (mm) is use in stead of meter (m) . 3. Dimension should be or preferable to be placed to read from the right or left and from the top/bottom of the drawing. 4. You should place dimensions, so that the drawings does not appear crowded. a. Space dimension lines a minimum of 3/8 (approx. 10mm) from the object and from each other. b. If there is room, it is preferred to start the first dimension line 1/2 (12mm) from the plan. 5. Be consistent so that dimension lines are evenly spaced (regardless of distance chosen).
6. Dimension line terminate at the extension lines with dots, arrow heads, or slash marks. 7. Dimension numerals are drawn 1/8 (approx. 3mm) high with aid of guidelines. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Line and arrowhead weights are the same as those used in dimensioning
mechanical drawings. Overall building dimension are placed outside the other lines. a. The first line dimensions on the plan is the smallest distance from the exterior walls to be the center of windows, doors and partition (interior ) walls. b. The second line dimensions generally gives the distance from the outside walls to the partition (interior) walls. c. C. The third line of dimensions is usually the overall distance between the two exterior walls. Room sizes may be shown by stating width and length. When an area to be dimensioned is too small for the numerals, they are placed outside the extension lines. Window and door sizes may be shown directly on the door or window symbol or may be indexed to a door or window schedule. Curved leaders are sometimes used to eliminate confusion with other dimension. Line. When an area is too small for an arrowhead, dots may be used to indicate the dimension limits.
15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. When the space is small, arrowheads may be placed outside the extension lines. A dot with a leader refers to the large area noted. Dimensions that cannot be seen on the floor plan or those too small to place on the object are placed on leaders for easier reading. In dimensioning stair, the number of rises is placed on a line with an arrow indicating the direction (up or Down). Windows, doors, plasters, beams, and columns are always dimensioned to their centerlines.
Used abbreviations when symbols do not do not show clearly what is intended. Sub-dimensions must add up to overall dimensions. Architectural dimensions always refer to the actual size of the building regardless of the scale of the drawing. Aligned dimensions are placed in alignment with an angled wall or feature. C. Common Sizes Of Architectural Features A. WALLS A.1 External and internal walls are 150 mm thick, included plaster on both sides. A.2 All wet walls for toilets and kitchen are 150 mm thick, included plaster on both sides.
A.4 Hollow block wall - 100mm thick. A.3 Dry partition wall 75 to 100mm thick. B. DOORS B.1 Main double swing/ door 1800/2000w mm x 2200/2400h mm preferable. B.2
Main door single swing/sliding door 900 to 1200w x 2200 /2400h B.3 Normal swing door to all living, dinning & kitchen or other utility 900/1000w x 2200h mm B.4 Auto sliding glass door could allow for 1000W <1500wmm maximum x 2200/2400h mm B.5 Toilet entrance door 850w x 2200h mm B.6 Shower glass door 650/700w x 1800/2000h mm
B.7 Sliding glass door whether 2 or 4 panels allow for 900 to 1000w x 2200/2400h mm B.8 Timber sliding and folding door 600/800w x 2200h mm, if the height is 2400h than the width should be wider in proportion. C. Common Sizes Of Architectural Features Continue C C.1 C.2 C.3 C.4
C.5 WINDOWS Generally, double casement window mini. 1100w x 1200/1500h excluding the top hung if any and 1100 mm above floor level. (This will meet the door height level of 2200h and with the ceiling of 2000m/3000mm high), In any case for 2400h mm THE window width should be wider in proportion. Could have the top hung above the normal window height if the ceiling is high. Toilets window should be above door height preferable for privacy. However in conjunction with the exterior windows it may some time below the door height. Certain special design you may go for full height form floor to door height. Remember whenever you doing the elevation, you are required to get in line with all doors if possible. Window come with sliding, top hung or swing types or it is call casement. All will have to work out with proportion and divided
accordingly. Common Sizes Of Architectural Features continue D. D.1 D.2 D.3 D.4 D.5 D.6 D.7 BATH ROOM Vanity maximum depth 600mm x length depending on space available. In proportion mini. 1200 to 1500L for single bowl sink and 1800 - 2000Lmm perhaps for double bowl sink. Normal WC 400W x 700D generally; more exclusive set 450W x 700D mm. Wall hung WC 400W x 500D mm
Long Bath 1500/2000L x 800/1000W x 40/450H. Shower Compartment minimum width 900mm preferable, some time space does not permit and may ended up only 800mm width. Length could be ranging from 1000 to 1500mm. A comfortable shower area. Independ Basin 500/600W x 400/450 D mm generally, there are smaller and larger sizes available from supplier now a day. Vanity Basin either bottom (means the basin below the vanity slab) or surface mounted. (means the basin seat on the vanity slab.) Common Sizes Of Architectural Features Continue E E.1 E.2 E.3 E.4 F F.1 F.2
F.3 KITCHEN Kitchen cabinet work on modular sizes and there is a control ergonomically requirements and some cost saving on materials. Kitchen height b/w 2200/ 2400 height. Bottom cabinets Maxi. 600D x 1000- maxi.1200 width at 850-900 height mm. Top Hung cabinets 300D x maxi. 800< 900H mm. (set at 1300/1350 high above the floor level.). Full Height Cabinets 600D x 500/600W x Maxi. 2400H mm. APPLIANCES Cooker Hob 800D x 500D or 600W x 500D. Cooker Hood 600/800W x Height 100h and various. Sink Single bowl 1000L x 500 D and double bowls 1200 L x 500 D m. Fridge 600/1000W x 18OOH x 650D approx. Built-in Micro-wave Common Sizes Of Architectural Features Continue G
G.1 G.1.1 G.1.2 G.1.3 G.2 G.2.1 G.2.2 G.2.3 G.2.4 G.3 BED ROOM Wardrobe Basic cabinets generally are not dimensioned as they are typically 600mm depth. Modular size control at 1000/1200W for single module; Height either at 2100mm or 2 tiers balance height to meet ceiling height. Closet poles are generally 380 400mm from the back of the wall. And are dash line. Closet shelves are solid lines 300mm from the back of the wall.
Bed Sizes Single Bed 1000W x 2000D x 450H Queen Size Bed 1500W x 2000L x 450H mm King size be 2000W x 2100L x 450H mm Bed side Table 500/600L x 450/500D x 500H Dressing Table 1000/1200L x 400/450D x 750H mm Common Sizes Of Architectural Features Continue H H.1 H.2 H.3 H.4 H.5 J J.1 J.2
J.3 J.4 J.5 Dinning Set Rectangle Table (6 seaters) 1500L x 900W x 750H mm; Rectangle Table (8 Seaters) 2000/2100L x 900/1000W x 750H mm Round Table (6-seaters) 1200 diameter; (8-seaters) 1500mm diameter. Coffee Table 1000/1200L (or Square) x 600D x 450H Corner Table 600W x 600D x 500H ; 800 x 800 Square x 500mm H Living Set Sofa Set - Single Arch Chair 850 D x 900W mm Double Seater 1500L x 850D : 3-Seater 1800< 2000L x 900D mm. Living Hall cabinets various from length and height control at 500/700mm high x 500 to 600mm dept. Staircase width min. 1200 < 2000W mm: Riser b/w 150< 175mm high: Tread 225< 300mm D. Hall way and maneuvering space at minimum 1200mm width
Architectural Drawing Sequences & Procedure A. Setting Up Drawing A1. Set the drawing border and title block. A2. Organize and orientate the layout plan within the drawing space, then start the setting the grid line according to structure columns grid. A3. Set the columns in position.
A4. Start to set the building parameter wall (150mm thick) follow with internal wall same thickness. A5. Set the doors and window position. A6. Darken the columns and the walls according to texture. A7. Set the symbol for the grid line code/numbers and dimensions line with dimension and figures.
A8. Set the bath room layout plan outline (sanitary vanity, long bath/shower compartment & WC with the templates) A9. Set the kitchen layout plan outline (furniture layout follow with the appliances using templates then darken the line. Architectural Drawing Sequences & Procedure Continue A10. B. B1. B2. B3. C.
Set the Living, Dining & Bedroom furniture outline spacing, thereafter using the templates to complete the layout with dark line. Annotation Annotate the rooms name or area and then follow with other symbol for the doors and windows. Annotate the other necessary information like kitchen appliances, sanitary and fixture fitting / furniture. Annotate the floor level and finishes Legend Set Up C1. The Legend and general notes C2. Erase all the unnecessary pencil line and final checking of the drawings to ensure it is
clear to viewer. Example Of Standard Submission Drawings In Colour Basic Colour Code For Submission Light Blue Existing External works Yellow All existing items and works are to be demolished. Magenta All new proposal items and works. Black
All existing works to remain or not required for approval. Red Boundary Wall and New Sanitary Works SAMPLE - 1 SAMPLE - 2 SAMPLE - 3 SAMPLE - 4 SAMPLE - 5 SAMPLE - 6
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