Prussia: A country in review - Oak Park Independent

Prussia: A country in review - Oak Park Independent

PRUSSIA: A CHAPTER 17 REVIEW By: Cameron Lester, The Better Twin Period 5 12/17/12 WHAT IS IT AND WHERE CAN I FIND IT? Prussia is a country located between German and Russia, and above Austria and Poland Prussia is a country ruled by the Hohenzollern family Prussia is a military state with an army that was feared by all of Europe at its height

GREAT ELECTOR FREDERICK I Great Elector Frederick I was known for his military and political prowess He promoted trade He had Prussia take part in the Thirty Years War Great Elector Frederick I raised an army of 40,000 He created a policy of religious tolerance His Edict of Potsdam gave Huguenots multiple benefits and gave Protestants tax-free status for 10 years which caused a huge population rise

in Prussia. Great Elector Frederick I KING FREDERICK I King Frederick I Born Frederick III Became the first royalty of Prussia under the title of king after he crowned himself so on January 18, 1701. He was a patron of the arts and loved

poetry. Fun Fact: Though he was the first royalty technically he was never actually king OF Prussia just king IN Prussia. This was in order to prevent reducing the power of the Holy Roman Empire in the Prussian territories. As such, Frederick William I was the real first king of FREDERICK WILLIAM I Relentless in his pursuit of strengthening absolutism in Prussia. Hated court life and he attempted to supervise and regulate everything all by himself true absolutism. Under him the army grew from 38,000 to 80,000. Foreigners made

up 1/3 of his army and all solders went through boot camp. He was commander in chief but he refused to engage in battle. His crowning achievement was his son Frederick II Frederick William CENTRALIZATION OF PRUSSIAN GOVERNMENT In 1723 a government superagency known as the General Directory of Finance, War, and Domains was created. Its goal was to united the administrations and cabinets of all these functions under one roof. The Directory of Finance, War, and Domains did not however include the functions of justice, education, or religion. The task it was burdened with was the collection of revenue, expenditures, and local administration. These resources were then put into education so the public was able to be given basic instruction and public school became

mandatory for children even though it was hardly ever enforced. The teachers of these schools were usually clergy and the public was not interested in their personal pursuits of knowledge and universities declined FREDERICK II AS A PRINCE Frederick II as Crown Prince 1739 Opposite of his father; while his father was a God-fearing German Protestant, Frederick II was a German culture hating deist.

Frederick II preferred the arts, composing, and writing philosophy to the work that comes with being a leader. He was extremely strongly opposed to being groomed for the position and as such he became a strong leader because of his determination etcetera although it should be mentioned that he did eventually study to become a good leader. FREDERICK THE II AS KING: FREDERICK THE GREAT

Frederick the II took the throne in 1740 and was prepared to lead Prussia with passion. As king he became known as Frederick the Great and though he often dealt with moral issues of his actions. He continued to struggle for power and territory. He pushed for absolutism and tried to justify the moral implications of the policy. More territory and stronger borders = Stronger Prussia One of the first things he did was the conquest of Silesia. Frederick the Great by Anna Dorothea Therbusch, 1772

PRUSSIAS CONQUEST OF SILESIA A map of the Silesia under Prussia, the red being the land added to Prussia, blue being Prussia, and orange being Austrian claims to land in Prussia. The conquest was the first task given to the army under Frederick II in the First Silesian war of 1742.

When the land had been almost completely conquered Maria Theresa attempt to regain the land in the Second Silesian War (1744 1745) The Second Silesian War ultimately failed for the Spanish and they were forced to relinquish their claims to the land through the Treaty of Dresden THE SEVEN YEARS WAR Map of the areas controlled by the opposing sides of the Seven Years

War The Seven Years war is said to be a continuation of the War of Austrian Succession. The war was sparked again after Maria Theresa used the Treat of Aix-laChapella (signed between her and Frederick the Great in 1748) as a way to have time to build up an army to take back Silesia. Multiple other reasons are said to have caused the alliances to form the way they were, but many of the countries just acted as proxies for the war between Prussia and Austria. THE OPPOSING SIDES

The opposing sides were Prussia allied with Great Britain, Hanover, BrunswickWofenbuttel, Iroquios Confederacy, Portugal, HesseKassel, and Schaumburg-Lippe. Against Austria allied with France, Russia, the Spanish Empire, Sweden, Saxony, and the Mughal Empire. Austria wanted to reclaim Silesia and defeat Prussia brutally while Prussia wanted to keep Silesia and acquire more land Flags of the

Belligerents of the Seven Years War STRATEGIES Austria knew that Bourbon France was no longer important to them and that their alliance and position within the Holy Roman Empire was dependent on the actions of Prussia and as such they planned a Diplomatic Revolution against the geographically vulnerable Prussia. Prussia wanted to try and compensate for their vulnerability through alliances with other countries and sought England for help as their protection of Hannover meant that they would sign the

Convention of Westminster with Prussia in January 1756 which meant that France was now against COURSE AND OUTCOME OF THE WAR Frederick the Greats genius led to multiple victories but he had to run his army all across Prussia to fight off invading forces. The longer the war went on the more the threats of Russian attacks on Brandenburg and Austrian assaults through Silesia and Saxony loomed over him. Almost exhausted entirely, Prussia faced a total collapse but the opposing side was also war-weary and his enemies became increasingly suspicious of one another

and in the end Prussia was saved by the death of Empress Elizabeth in 1762 who was replaced with Tsar Peter III who admired Frederick and as such, the Tsar had Russian troops exit Prussia and William Pitts replacement brought about an agreement with France that ended their war that was hurting Prussia this PRUSSIAS GAINS IN THE WAR The Seven Years War finally came to an end through the signing of the Peace of Hubertusburg (1763) that settled the continental phase of the Seven Years war in Europe. Prussia gained allies in the war and by the end of the Seven Years War Prussia returned Saxony to Austria and the Prussians got to keep Silesia. The status quo of Europe was restored and Frederick returned to Berlin Prussia in 1763

IMAGE SOURCES Map of Prussia wh19_prussia.jpg Great Elector Frederick I King Frederick;_Frederik_I_von_Preu%C3%9Fen.jpg Frederick William I Frederick II as prince Frederick the Great IMAGE SOURCES (CONT.) Silesia Map of the Seven Years' War Flags of the Belligerent of Seven Years' War'_War Flag of Austria Flag of Prussia Prussia in 1763 WORK CITED Chambers, Mortimer. The Western Experience. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2003. Print.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Protecting Community Objectives In the Affiliation to Full-Integration

    Protecting Community Objectives In the Affiliation to Full-Integration

    What does all this Brave New World talk have to do with . Affiliation? Will the Brave New World make me change my behavior? How does each "thing" we try motivate healthcare value? Cost-plus Medicare. PPS. ... A BRAVE NEW...

    Requirements and Responsibilities. 25 years old. a citizen for seven years. term of two years. the head is known as the . Speaker of the House (head of majority party)- the Speaker of the House is the third most powerful...
  • FINANCE - University of Colorado Denver

    FINANCE - University of Colorado Denver

    is a one-year period in which financial activity occurs, is recorded in the general ledger, and is summarized on financial statements. ... You can search for account codes in the Finance system too; you'll learn how in the next section,...
  • FACET Status - Stanford University

    FACET Status - Stanford University

    FACET Update Page 14. GV/m class DWA for use in linear colliders and future light sources. Previous work at FFTB/SLAC, UCLA, BNL. High gradient regime at FACET. FACET beam sent through prototype dielectric wakefield acceleration structures. Parametric breakdown studies and...
  • Poetic Devices - English Language Arts with Mr. O

    Poetic Devices - English Language Arts with Mr. O

    Acrostic . Usually unrhymed, and when the poem is complete, the first letters of the lines, when read vertically, spell out a word, phrase, or sentence related to the poem's subject .. It's an acronym.
  • Arc de Chasse Etudiants: Sophie de Rijk, Yannick

    Arc de Chasse Etudiants: Sophie de Rijk, Yannick

    Se rendre compte des efforts présents dans un arc. Plus précisément dans la zone entre le bras et le manche. Objectifs de l'étude. Détermination des contraintes de . von. Mises et de cisaillement. Détermination de matériaux alternatifs utilisables.
  • MLA Documentation

    MLA Documentation

    MLA Format Rough Draft of a Bibliography Working Bibliography Bibliography with annotations Annotated Bibliography A Paper Works Cited Underlining and Quotation Marks in Titles MLA always uses italicizing for titles such as books, movies, music albums, magazines, journals, etc. Essay...
  • Early Years Foundation Phase Maths Lesson 1 BBC

    Early Years Foundation Phase Maths Lesson 1 BBC

    The money from his bake sale is going to make children smile. Tip: Print this out and make a mask for the children! The e nd. Print outs. Price tag cut outs for your bake sale. Print and cut out...