PTAGIS Program Overview

PTAGIS Program Overview

The Columbia Basin PIT Tag Information System The First 20 Years Dave Marvin Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission A Presentation for the PSMFC PIT Tag Workshop January 26, 2011 12H

Hatchery Summer Chinook Overview Development of PIT tag-related activities since 1987 Growth of Tagging and Interrogation activities Summary of Recapture and Mortality events Coordination and cooperation between PIT tag data contributors Integration of PIT tag activities with

facility operations and regional objectives Integrity, veracity, transparency, and accessibility of PIT tag data Typical Uses of PIT Tags in the Columbia Basin Parr & smolt monitoring and survival studies Travel time through streams and river reaches Arrival timing and passage distributions at key dams Smolt condition and physiology evaluations Smolt transportation evaluations

Smolt and SAR survival studies Sub-basin habitat evaluations Adult research and monitoring Migration duration and timing Stock identification Straying behavior Multi-mark (secondary/shared) tagging External tags and marks Radio, acoustic (HTI, JSATS & POST) tags Recovery of archival data storage tags using PIT Tag Data Event Model

Mark & Release Detection & Recovery Interrogation Event (INT) Tag and Release Event (TAG)

Mortality Event (MOR) Recapture & Re-release Event (REC) PIT Tag Releases in the Columbia Basin 1987-2010 3000000.0 30,000,000

Tagged Fish Released Annually (Millions) =27M 25,000,000 2000000.0 20,000,000 1500000.0 15,000,000

1000000.0 10,000,000 Cumulative Fish Tagged (Millions) 2500000.0 500000.0 5,000,000

0.0 Migration Year 24 23 22 21 20

19 18 17 16 15 14 13

12 11 10 9 8 7 6

5 4 3 2 1 0 Numbers and Percentages of Fish Species PIT-tagged in the Columbia Basin

Chinook O. mykiss Coho Sockeye Bull Trout Cutthroat NPM Other Shad Pacific Lamprey Brook Trout White

Sturgeon Whitefish 19,504,37 1 5,866,144 1,105,175 445,499 17,517 12,780 8,380 3,441 2,939 1,966

1,071 966 504 PIT Tag Data Event Model Mark & Release Detection & Recovery Interrogation Event (INT)

Tag and Release Event (TAG) Mortality Event (MOR) Recapture & Re-release Event (REC) P IT T a g s D e te c te d

( M il li o n s ) 1800000.0 120000000 10.6M unique tags detected 1500000.0 16.2M tag/site detections 100000000 1200000.0

80000000 900000.0 60000000 600000.0 40000000 300000.0 20000000

0.0 0 Unique Tags Detected All Tags Detected Interrogations C u m u l a ti v e In te rro g a tio n s ( M ill i o n s ) PIT Tag Passive Detection (Interrogation) Events

1987-2010 PIT Tag Detections 1987 - 1990 > 1,000,000 100,001 1,000,000 10,0001 100,000 1,001 10,000 101 1,000 < 100 PIT Tag Detections 1991 - 1996 > 1,000,000

100,001 1,000,000 10,0001 100,000 1,001 10,000 101 1,000 < 100 PIT Tag Detections 1996 - 2000 > 1,000,000 100,001 1,000,000 10,0001 100,000 1,001 10,000 101 1,000 < 100

PIT Tag Detections 2001 - 2005 > 1,000,000 100,001 1,000,000 10,0001 100,000 1,001 10,000 101 1,000 < 100 PIT Tag Detections 2006 - 2010 > 1,000,000 100,001 1,000,000

10,0001 100,000 1,001 10,000 101 1,000 < 100 PIT Tag Data Event Model Mark & Release Detection & Recovery Interrogation Event (INT)

Tag and Release Event (TAG) Mortality Event (MOR) Recapture & Re-release Event (REC)

Recaptures Recapture events are generally ancillary to marking activities. Marking projects often recapture other researchers tagged fish. Recaptures provide a unique opportunity to record changes in morphology and physiology. Over 800k tagged fish have been recaptured one or more times. Recapture events are recorded throughout the CB, but 40% have been reported from just 20 trap and dam locations. SbyC is used to target specific smolts at the LGR, LGS, MCN, JDA, and BON bypasses, and adults at the BON

AFF and LGR adult trap. Mortalities 994k mortality events from the recovery of host fish or bare tags: Tags detected in marked Northern Pikeminnow recovered in the Sport Reward Fishery, and from NPM prey Tags detected in sport and commercial harvests Tags detected in hatchery spawners Bare tags retrieved from bypass systems at dams 924k (93%) detected in situ from colonies of avian piscivores (terns, cormorants, pelicans, gulls) ~575k (58%) reported from colonial sites in the Columbia River estuary.

Mortalities of PIT-tagged Fish due to Avian Predation <1k 1k RIS 30k <1k 10k IHR 574k

43k JDA MCN 22k 244k 1k <1k 150000

1,200,000.0 125000 1,000,000.0 100000 800,000.0 75000 600,000.0

50000 400,000.0 25000 200,000.0 0 1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 Recaptures Cumulative Recaptures 14

15 16 17 18 19 20 21

22 23 Mortalities Cumulative Mortalities 24 0.0 Cumulative Events Reported (Millions)

Recapture and Mortality Events (Thousands) PIT Tag Recapture and Mortality Events 1987-2010 Coordination and Cooperation By marking project: Each Tag Data Coordinator owns, and is responsible for, his or her contributed PIT tag event data. Between projects: The primary purpose of the PTAGIS database is to facilitate the ready exchange of data collected from multiple sources for individual tagged fish.

Coordinated Using an established data dictionary to describe events in a common and consistent fashion. Cooperative Tagged fish are often observed by multiple entities as the fish migrate through the Columbia Basin. Multi-agency Studies: Agencies frequently collaborate to share resources and data for large-scale studies. PIT Tag Marking Effort in the Columbia Basin by Entities and Project Coordinators 140

(5) 120 Organization s 100 (3) (6)

80 129 60 (3) 40 20 0 108 (1)

6 79 (2) (3) (2) (3) (1) 14

15 18 25 '91-'95 '96-'00 '01-'05 '87-'90

39 34 '06-'10 PTAGIS Data Contributors Federal Management Agencies Other Government Entities NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Columbia River Estuary Task Force U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Fish Passage Center U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Pacific States Marine Fisheries Comm

U.S. Department of Agriculture Snake River Salmon Recovery Board U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Geological Survey State Resource Management Agencies Power Utilities Idaho Department of Fish and Game Chelan County PUD Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Douglas County PUD Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife Grant County PUD Idaho Power Company University Research Cooperatives Idaho Coop. Fish & Wildlife Research Unit Portland General Electric

Utah Coop. Fish & Wildlife Research UnitOther Entities Biomark, Inc. Tribal Management Agencies Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Comm. Ducks Unlimited Colville Confederated Tribes Kintama Research Corp. Conf. Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Rsvn. Pacific Northwest National Laborator Conf. Tribes of the Warm Springs Rsvn. Quantitative Consultants, Inc. Nez Perce Tribe Real Time Research, Inc. Okanagan Nation Alliance Wild Fish Conservancy Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Yakama Nation

Integration of PIT tag events with other CB activities Detectors and diverters are installed directly into the fish passage facilities at main-stem dams and other locations. Dam operations themselves: JBS operations augmented with PIT tag detection capabilities in the primary bypass. Limited Spring-time condition sampling at MCN Expanded bypass seasons Study Integration: PIT tags are used as a secondary mark to extend and expand the primary study objectives.

Adult telemetry studies Smolt telemetry studies, in-river and off-shore Facility passage evaluations Any study needing known-source fish Data Integrity Consistency Standard event model definitions Standard data definitions Veracity P3 contains data verification tools Redundant data validation; during data collection and prior to acceptance by PTAGIS

Direct input eliminates interpretation Tag, Release & Recovery Data Files FDVL Raw Data Files IDL DGE

Passive Detection Data Files PTAGIS DBMS ADE PTAGIS Web Portal DEA TASS AutoGenerated

Reports Data Integrity Consistency Standard event model definitions Standard data definitions Veracity P3 contains data verification tools Redundant data validation; during data collection and prior to acceptance by PTAGIS Direct input eliminates interpretation Accountability all data are owned Transparency and accessibility data

and data files are immediately and freely available from PTAGIS Conclusions Since 1991, PTAGIS has grown: from 100k fish tagged annually to >2.5M tagged annually; from eight interrogation sites along the SnakeColumbia migration corridor to >100 sites throughout the Columbia Basin; from <20 Coordinators working for six agencies to >130 Coordinators working for three dozen entities. During the last 20 years, the focus of PIT tag studies has expanded from monitoring the timing

and duration of smolt migrations to evaluating survival and behavior over the entire life span of salmon and other species. Can the advances in PIT tag technology and applications since 1991 shape our expectations for 2031? What do we expect from PTAGIS? The same things we want in politicians: Accountability Integrity Truth (veracity) How do we achieve this? Coordination & Cooperation

Integration with other CB actions Validation and Verification PIT Tag Data Validation Processes Tag, Release & Recovery Data Files Passive Detection Data Files Tag, Release FDVL

& Recovery Data Files FDVL Raw Data Files IDL IDL DGE

DGE Passive ADE Detection Data Files PTAGIS DBMS Raw Data Files

PTAGIS DBMS ADE PTAGIS Web Portal DEA DEA TASS AutoGenerated

Reports TASS AutoGenerated Reports PTAGIS Web Portal

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