Purpose of Devices

Purpose of Literary Devices Why do Authors Use Devices? Literary devices are the tools and techniques of language that authors use to add layers of meaning. Rather than simply stating the facts, authors hint at and disguise some of it, so that the reader must figure things out for

him/herself (showing not telling). The are used to.... keep their readers interested add beauty to the writing. By making personifications, allusions, metaphors, etc. the writing becomes rich and meaningful and evokes strong feelings in the readers.

Lets Look at some Specifics: Alliteration

Personification Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Alliteration the repetition of sounds in nearby words

*draws attention to and emphasizes a phrase *adds focus and drama ". . . neither of those can feel stranger and stronger emotions than the man does, who for the first time finds himself pulling into the charmed, churned circle of the hunted sperm whale." Moby Dick

Alliteration the repetition of sounds in nearby words *makes the reader read faster, thereby adding a sense of speed and intensity to the sentence. The railroad tracks ran right through the center of town.

Alliteration the repetition of sounds in nearby words *adds to theme, mood, etc. Then leaf subsides to leaf. So Eden sank to grief, So dawn goes down to day. Nothing gold can stay.

Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost Alliteration the repetition of sounds in nearby words *can just be plain fun Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butters bitter;

if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better. So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter.

So twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter. Personification Personification Personification is giving human qualities to inhuman or inanimate objects.

*makes situations more relatable The parrot chided him each time he sneaked through the door. Personification Personification is giving human qualities to inhuman or inanimate objects. *adds to mood Silence crept with shadowed footsteps through my cornered mind.

Personification Personification is giving human qualities to inhuman or inanimate objects. *adds imagery Awakening to the risen sun, the rested trees stretched their limbs heavenward. Simile

Simile A comparison of dissimilar things which uses 'like' or 'as'. *adds to depth and clarification of meaning "It is all, God help us, a matter of rocks. The rocks shape life like hands around swelling dough."

Annie Dillard, "Life on the Rocks: The Galpagos" Simile A comparison of dissimilar things which uses 'like' or 'as'. *adds to imagery "My face looks like a wedding-cake left out in the rain." W.H. Auden

Simile A comparison of dissimilar things which uses 'like' or 'as'. *adds to mood and theme "Humanity, let us say, is like people packed in an automobile which is traveling downhill without lights at terrific speed and driven by a four-year-old child. The signposts along the way are all marked 'Progress.'"

Lord Dunsany Metaphor Metaphor A comparison of dissimilar things without using 'like' or 'as'. *adds to depth and clarification

of meaning in a more concrete way The streets were a furnace, the sun an executioner. Cynthia Ozick, "Rosa" Metaphor A comparison of dissimilar things without using 'like' or 'as'. *adds imagery

in a more concrete way Between the lower east side tenements the sky is a snotty handkerchief. Marge Piercy, "The Butt of Winter" Metaphor A comparison of dissimilar things without using 'like' or 'as'.

*adds to mood and theme in a more concrete way A man may break a word with you, sir, and words are but wind. Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors Metaphor A comparison of dissimilar things without using 'like' or 'as'.

*allows for extended comparisons Extended Metaphor is a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem. The teacher descended upon the exams, sank his talons into their pages, ripped the answers to shreds, and then, perching in his chair, began to digest.

Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia The formation or use of words such as buzz or murmur that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. *adds to imagery of the senses by adding interest and depth

The pit bull yelped, As the police took him away, Never to growl again, At us kids in play, The shriek, squeal, and scream of the English bulldog, As he pinned him that day, Crunch, His massive jaws, locked it's teeth

The Pitbull by D Alsup Onomatopoeia The formation or use of words such as buzz or murmur that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. *adds to mood

But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping, And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door, That I scarce was sure I heard you' - here I opened wide the door; Darkness there, and nothing more. The Raven by Edgar Allen Poe

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Cohasset High School Athletics

    Cohasset High School Athletics

    Spring Sports Awards Assembly June 16, 2016 BOYS TENNIS 2016 SOUTH SHORE LEAGUE CHAMPS Team Record 16-4 Head Coach: Chris Luvisi Captain: Jackson Dutton Sam Pitts Jack Coffman 2016 Boys Tennis Varsity Letter Award Winners Jack Coffman Jackson Dutton Sam...
  • PECE = PIE Personal Excellence through Cooperative Education

    PECE = PIE Personal Excellence through Cooperative Education

    OPNAVINST 5350.6C. COMNAVREGNWINST 5350.25. ... commands need to plan how this will occur—B &G crews could cooperate? Only do single events? NEXT PLEASE. By last work day of month, Command POC sends PECE data to AD PECE Coordinator with cc...
  • Warranty Working Group Update Warranty Working Group's Mission

    Warranty Working Group Update Warranty Working Group's Mission

    Referenced in the AAR Field Manual in Section E All railroads and commuter lines would use it. AAR auditors would look for compliance in M-1003 certified facilities. Purchasing agents would simply reference it in their contracts. Supported by NAPM and...
  • SECUREN CONFERENCE Whats Happening in the Atlanta and

    SECUREN CONFERENCE Whats Happening in the Atlanta and

    David H. Stevens. MBA President & CEO. David H. Stevens - President & CEO - Mortgage Bankers Association ... Freddie Mac 7.2017. Existing Home Salesin thousands. 2016 January February March April May June July August September October November December 302...
  • Needs Assessment Sample Clover Elementary School

    Needs Assessment Sample Clover Elementary School

    2. Then the presenter will model the "highly qualified" need based on the demographic data slide. Thirty out of 32 teachers are highly qualified. Our school needs all the teachers to be highly qualified so we would write this down...
  • Slide sem título

    Slide sem título

    به نام خدا اپیدمیولوژی بیماریهای عفونی * مراحل بررسی اپیدمیها تجزیه تحلیل داده های جمع آوری شده بر حسب زمان، مکان و فرد 3- فرد: - تجزیه تحلیل داده های مربوط به سن، جنس، شغل و ... - محاسبه میزانهای...
  • Bonds Between Atoms Polyatomic Ions Ionic Covalent Molecular

    Bonds Between Atoms Polyatomic Ions Ionic Covalent Molecular

    Polyatomic Ion- charged group of covalently bound atoms Monatomic Ion- ion formed from a single atom Molecule-neutral group of atoms united by covalent bonds Alloy- homogeneous mixture of metals Unshared Pair- pair of electrons that is not involved in bonding...
  • Information Age - USF College of Engineering

    Information Age - USF College of Engineering

    "An in depth look at the exciting history of the Calculator and Computer" Abacus Pascal Leibniz Babbage Early Computers Electronic Computers Transistor Personal Computer Advancements Noteworthy Contributors Abacus Blaise Pascal Pascaline Numerical wheel Invented 1642 Add & subtract only Series...