"O brave new world That has such people in't!" -- William ...

"O brave new world That has such people in't!" -- William ...

Brave New World by Aldous Huxley Pre-Reading Guide O wonder! How many goodly creatures are there here! How beautious mankind is! O brave new world That has such people int! -- William Shakespeare, The Tempest (V, ii) 1. Novel describes One World State

2. Totalitarian government 3. Manipulates personal life by eliminating individual freedom, family, art, literature, religions, and culture diversity Aldous Huxley 1894-1963 Family had many notable members,

including great uncle, poet Matthew Arnold Plagued with vision problems throughout his life Attended Oxford University, became a teacher

Published Brave New World in 1932 Lived in the US in later life, died while living in L.A. His novels of ideas have sometimes been criticized as being too intellectual

According to Huxley The theme of Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects human individuals It is only by means of the sciences of life that the quality of life can be radically changed From the Foreword from Brave New World Themes and Motifs Using Technology to

Control Society Creating a Consumer Society The Dangers of an All-Powerful State Uses of Propoganda to Control Society Ethical Problems of a Technologically Driven World Henry Ford Sex

Alienation Shakespeare Technology Individualism Brainwashing Ethics Drugs Important People, Terms, and Concepts Utopia perfect society Dystopia dreadful, dysfunctional society Satire writing intended to ridicule and arouse

contempt especially by using irony and exaggeration Caste System social structure which divides people on the basis of inherited social status Ivan Pavlov o Russian physician & psychologist o Classical conditioning using dogs o RESULT: Trained dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell, even without giving food. More People, Terms, and Concepts: Sigmund Freud

oPsychiatrist oPsychoanalysis oMental health and illness spring from a childs upbringing, not his heredity Soma an anti-depressant, semi-hallucinogenic drug introduced by the World State Orgy Porgy group sexual experience to unify all people (sex is not the focus, unity is) Solidarity Service group of men and women who gather to take Soma and have a spiritual experience Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

Utilitarianism The utilitarian has a very simple answer to the question of why morality exists at all: The purpose of morality is to guide peoples actions in such a way as to produce a better world. Consequently, the emphasis in utilitarianism is on consequences, not intentions. The fundamental imperative of utilitarianism is: Always act in the way that will produce the greatest overall amount of good in the world. The emphasis is clearly on consequences, not intentions.

Important People, Genre, Setting Genre Dystopia Protagonists Bernard Marx, Helmholtz Watson, and John Antagonist Mustapha Mond, Lenina Crowne Setting 632 A.F. in England and Savage Reservation in New Mexico (600 years in the future, according to Huxley) What is the Brave New World ? A dystopian tale about a possible future world

where human faith in scientific progress, freedom, dignity, and individuality are all called into question. Set in two locations in the 26th century: London and a New Mexico Indian reservation What is the Brave New World ? Religion of the World State based on the life and philosophies of Henry Ford. American car manufacturer,

inventor of the assembly line Invented the Model T car designed to be affordable to everyone; only available in black Mass production & mass consumption Assembly line = improved efficiency Vertical structure = self sufficient Our Ford What is the Brave New World ?

Caste System: Alphas () highest, grey) highest, grey Betas ()- mulberry, bottle green)- mulberry, bottle green Gammas ()- leaf green)- leaf green Deltas ()- khaki)- khaki Epsilons () lowest, black) lowest, black There are also plusses and minuses, so one can be an Alpha Plus or a Gamma Minus. Differentiation achieved through oxygen deprivation What is the Brave New World?

Some individuals are created using the Bokanovsky Process Fertilization process used to create Deltas & Epsilons Divide fertilized eggs to produce identical twins Produces up to 96 embryos, but 72 is the average Primary instrument of social stability What is the Brave New World ? Government organization conditions the lower caste children using

Hypnopaedia The greatest moralizing and socializing force of all time (28). Sleep teaching Moral education Class conditioning The childs mind is these suggestions, and the sum of the suggestions is the childs mind (28-29). What is the Brave New World ?

A society where all aspects of an individual's life are determined by the state, beginning with conception and conveyor-belt reproduction. A government bureau, the Predestinators, decides all roles in the hierarchy. Children are raised and conditioned by the state bureaucracy, not brought up by natural families. Citizens must not fall in love, marry, or have their own children. Are you living in a Brave New

World? Do you agree that History is worthless? Everyone belongs to everyone else? Throwing something away is better than fixing it? No one really needs a mother? The elderly are worthless members of society? Cleanliness is next to godliness? You should never put off until tomorrow the fun you can have today?

Community Identity Stabilit y Brave New World Works Cited Edmondson, Elizabeth. Brave New World Powerpoint. Gilmour Academy. 8 May 2007. PDF file. Web. 19 Apr 2010.

A Guide to Brave New World. Austin, Texas: Holt, Reinhart, and Winston, 2003. Print. Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper Collins, 1998. Wood, Lisha. Brave New World Intro. Sprayberry High School. Typepad. 6 Sept 2006. Web. 19 Apr 2010.

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