The Necklace Short Story Summary Short Story Summary TITLE: The Necklace AUTHOR: Guy de Maupassant SETTING (Time and Place): 1884 Paris, France Loisels apartment,
party at the Ministry of Educations Mansion. CHARACTERS (List and describe on separate lines): Madame Loisel - selfish (beautiful, charming, middle class, spoiled,
daydreamed)aged quickly, heavy rough, harsh, shrill voice, poor Monsieur Loisel- kind, generous, loyal hard-working, clerk for Ministry of Education, wants to please wife, middle class Madame Forestier - kind, generous,
wealthy, snobby SUMMARY Madame Loisel is in her apartment dreaming of a better life. She is unhappy and dissatisfied with her social status and mediocre surroundings. Mme & Msr. L receive
an invitation to a party at the Ministry. Plot Summary contd Mme. refuses to attend until she has something suitable to wear. She borrows a diamond necklace from her friend Mme. F. Mme. L loses the necklace somewhere on the way
home. Summary continued They borrow the money from loan sharks and are forced to live a life of poverty for 10 years until their debts are paid off. Mme. L meets up with Mme F and tells her about the lost
necklace, and Mme. F reveals the necklace is fake. POINT OF VIEW: This short story is told from the 3rd person limited point of view. The author focuses on Mme. Loisels thoughts and feelings.
Conflicts: Internal Mme. Loisel vs. herself: her excessive pride, materialism and shallowness cause her emotional torture as she feels shes been deprived of luxuries.
Conflict contd External Mme. Loisel vs. M. different values (although he is tolerant of her behavior and wants to please her)
SYMBOLS: Necklace = greed/desire for what one cannot have, differences in social classes, dishonesty, Mme. Ls fakeness or want of material things Wrap = Mmes station in life insecurity- embarrassment Dress = M. Loisel sacrifice for his
wife THEME: 1. People should be happy with what they have. 2. Honesty is the best policy. 3. You may pay a terrible price for
greed and desire (Mme. Ls fatal flaw, her desire for material things, her fakeness just like the necklace) OTHER LITERARY ELEMENTS Characterization the author shows what Mme. Loisel is like by concentrating mainly on the
way she views her surroundings (daydreams about expensive things/lifestyle. Other Literary Elements contd Irony Mme. L borrows a necklace to fit in with the rich people she envies, but the loss of
the necklace results in her being poorer than she was. Other Literary Elements contd Foreshadowing - Rue de Martyrs the name of the street and the English word martyrmartyr means a great or constant sufferer.
Her intense unhappiness cannot be lifted with one party invitation. PLOT DEVELOPMENT CHART EXPOSITION: We meet Mme. Loisel in her apartment as she is described as extremely unhappy and dissatisfied with her social status
NARRATIVE HOOK: Mme. Loisel receives an invitation to the party. Plot Development Chart contd RISING ACTION: Mme. Refuses to attend the party without a suitable dress/borrows a necklace/loses it/borrows money
to buy a new one/lives life of poverty to pay debt. Plot Development Chart contd CLIMAX: 10 years later relieved of the debt Mme. L. confesses all to Mme. F. who reveals the necklace is a fake.
Quote Interpretation: Quote We do not succeed in changing things according to our desire, but gradually our desires change. Marcel Proust
Quote contd In your own words, explain what this quote means to you We cannot always get what we want when we want it. Eventually, our priorities change and what we want changes at the same time.
Quote Interpretation contd How does this quote relate to the story you just read? Madame Loisel is very selfcentered at the beginning of the story. She is focused on material possessions. By the end of the story, her perspective changes.
Quote contd Foreshadowing- Madame and Monsieur Loisel live on Rue des Martyrs street. A martyr is someone that suffers a great deal and never recovers after their loss. The author foreshadows the
suffering that Madame and Monsieur Loisel will have. Quote contd Mood- The mood of this story changes as the characters and their priorities change. In the beginning, Madame L is
disappointed, but then she has a great time at the party and the mood shifts to one of excitement and enjoyment. Mood contd After losing the necklace, Madame Ls priorities change
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