A Knowledge-Based Tool for Planning of Military Operations: the Coalition Perspective Larry Ground Alexander Kott Ray Budd BBN Technologies Presented by Alice Mulvehill Outline Main thesis: knowledge-based planning tool can help a coalition staff Example: the CADET tool Advantages: Tasking and synchronization Estimates and computations New challenges:
Field maintenance of KB Collaboration User interfaces The Function of CADET Key Inputs: COA Statement (objectrepresented, 5-10 main activities) Friendly assets, strength, location Enemy COA, assets, strengths, location Environment (terrain, etc.) CADET CADET Application domains: US
Army Div, Bde operations, intel ops Intended users: Bde planning staff officers Role: COA analysis/ wargaming of the US Army MDMP Tool sponsors: Army CECOM, BCBLs, DARPA Key Outputs: Detailed Plan 200-500 activities all BOSs timing, synchronization assets allocated Estimates attrition consumption risk How CADET is Used
Using COA Entry tool, officer enters digitized operational concept: sketch and statement The staff reviews and modifies CADETs products OPORD, OPLAN, FRAGOs are generated and issued COA Tool COA Tool sends digitized COA sketch and statement to CADET CADET CADET generates detailed,
synchronized plan and estimates Experimental Results 0.25 0.2 0.15 CADET Human 0.1 0.05 0 0 2 4 6 8
10 12 Rigorous experimental comparison: CADETassisted vs. conventional Multiple cases, subject, judges Conclusions: comparable quality of products, dramatically faster Tasking and Synchronization A challenge: effective tasking, allocation, synchronization challenges staffs More so in coalition: multiple heterogeneous organizations, doctrines A tool can help:
serve as an unbiased "first-cut" accommodate nation-specific assets, doctrines reduce emotional factor plan and schedule heterogeneous assets Estimates and Computations attritio n A challenge: computations and estimations of time-space, resources, consumption, attrition More so in a coalition A tool can help: rapidly perform thousands of such computations
using nation-specific rules, formulae reduce arguments leave more time for higherlevel analysis logistics movement s animation Distributed Collaboration Must provide for: Multiple users integrated plans Partial plans by coalition members Capture, resolve inconsistencies Asynchronous
Geographically dispersed Field Maintenance of Knowledge Extreme demands on KB maintenance: In the field By nonprogrammers A partial answer: Simple templates No provisions for programming A 70% solution? A route should be
selected so that the unit moves through the destination area An objective area is required The unit Maneuver candidate unit advance criteria, and logic should BOS are be used to specified model the unit movement Given that the seize is supported, the domain expert
assesses that the unit performing this task will receive only 90% of the attrition of a normal engagement Unconventional Interfaces Conventional paradigms, e.g., sync. matrix dont work Coalition: cultural and training differences Alternatives: Animation? Cartoon sketches? Conclusions Tools like CADET can alleviate some
coalition planning challenges: Tasking and synchronization Estimates There is an experimental evidence of dramatic time savings and human-like quality But such tools also exacerbate some coalition challenges:
Knowledge maintenance Collaboration User Interfaces BACKUP SLIDES Technical Underpinnings Simple concept of user operation, assumes literally no training; Tightly interleaved planning and scheduling, routing, attrition and consumption calculations; Computationally inexpensive algorithms trade optimality for speed, almost instantaneous; Interleaved adversarial planning via the actionreaction-counteraction paradigm; Rigorous separation of problem solving components from user interaction; Extensive use of XML for simple, inexpensive integration heterogeneous systems
Master Data: Things You Track. A Statistical Key Figure (SKF) is a piece of information about the cost object it is assigned to. ... GFEBS Statistical Key Figure. Identifying Requirements& Forecasting. Quality Function Deployment. Identify what customer wants.
Quel regalo può arrivare fino a cento mila Euro, ma chiunque arrivi per offrire, è felice, perché San Giuseppe ha atteso la sua richiesta . Il banditore d'asta, ora mostra due polli che sono slegati, si svegliano e agitano le...
A design specification describes aspects of what behavior software should exhibit. A design specification may or may not reflect the implementation. More accurately - the implementation may not exactly reflect the spec. Design specifications are often called models of the...
None of the funds made available in this title may be used to approve critical decision-2 or critical decision-3 under Department of Energy Order 413.3B, or any successive departmental guidance, for construction projects where the total project cost exceeds $100,000,000,...
A golfer or sunbather might have a different view. This is the kind of slide which tends to be described as "self-explanatory" and after sufficient time, this turns out to be the case. I will just highlight the salient features....
Take your students pictures and import them into a drawing program such as KID PIX STUDIO DELUXE. Have your students erase their bodies and then using the many tools available in the program, draw themselves in a particular place of...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!