Realidades 2 - mpsaz.org

Realidades 2 - mpsaz.org

Realidades 2 El Imperfecto / The Imperfect Captulo 4A To review the imperfect, go to www.phschool.com/foreign_languages , and use web codes jdd-0404 and jdd-0405 . Important points to remember about the imperfect: 1.. For regular imperfect tense verb conjugation drop the ending of the infinitive and add the following endings in its place: Drop AR, AR and add yo ___aba _____bamos t ___abas l ella ___aba ______aban Usted nosotros nosotras vosotros vosotras

ellos ellas Ustedes ______abais Drop ER, ER and add yo ___a nosotros nosotras ______amos t ___as vosotros vosotras ______ais l ella ___a Usted ellos ellas Ustedes

______an Drop IR, IR and add yo ___a nosotros nosotras ______amos t ___as vosotros vosotras ______ais l ella ___a Usted ellos ellas Ustedes ______an Yes, its true!!! ER

ER and IR IR imperfect tense verbs share the same endings!! Easy!! 2.AR, ER, and -IR stem-changing verbs . do NOT have a stem-change in the imperfect!! YAY!!! The e remains an e, the o remains an o, and the u remains U. 3. The imperfect is used to express continuous, repeated, habitual past action. As you continue with your study of the imperfect this semester, you will add to the list of situations in which the imperfect is used. 4. 4. Look for clues. Look for adverbial expressions that imply the imperfect expressions that imply continuous, repeated, habitual past action: generalmente (generally), por lo general (generally), a menudo (often), muchas veces (many times), de vez en cuando (from time to time, occasionally, once in a while), todos los das (every day), todos los sbados (every Saturday), cada sbado (every Saturday, each Saturday), siempre (always),

nunca (never), etc. 5. Use the imperfect when talking about childhood activities and when expressing the idea of when young, young when as a child, child etc. de joven, joven de nio, nio de nia, nia de pequeo, pequeo de pequea, pequea cuando era nio (nia), nia etc. gular Imperfect Tense write the English equivalent for the Spanish tive. Then, conjugate the infinitive into the rfect tense. Also, write the English translation e imperfect 1st person singular (yo) as it will be asis for the other translations of each person. 1. hablar to-speak; to talk singular 1 hablaba Yo translation

plural 1 hablbamos nosotros nosotras I spoke (talked), I was speaking (talking), I used to speak (talk), I would speak (talk) 2 t 3 l ella Usted hablabas hablaba 2 vosotros vosotras 3

ellos ellas Ustedes hablabais hablaban 2. comprar to -buy, to purchase singular 1 Yo compraba plural 1 translation I bought (purchased), comprbamo nosotros nosotras was buying (purchasing), used to buy (purchase), I would buy (purchase) comprabas

2 t 3 l ella Usted compraba comprabais 2 vosotros vosotras 3 ellos ellas Ustedes compraban 3. trabajar - to work singular 1

Yo trabajaba plural 1 translation nosotros nosotras trabajbamo I worked, I was working, I used to work, I would work trabajabas 2 t 3 l ella Usted trabajaba 2

vosotros vosotras 3 ellos ellas Ustedes trabajabais trabajaban 4. esquiar - to ski singular 1 Yo esquiaba plural 1 translation I skiied, I was skiing, I used to ski, I would ski

esquiabas 2 t 3 l ella Usted esquia ba esquibamos nosotros nosotras esquiabais 2 vosotros vosotras 3 ellos ellas Ustedes esquiaban

5. levantarse (use reflexive pronouns) to get up singular 1 Yo plural me levantaba translation 1 nosotros nosotras 2 t 2 vosotros vosotras 3 l ella Usted

3 ellos ellas Ustedes I got up, I was getting up; nos levantbamo I used to get up, I would get up te levantabas se levantaba os levantabai se levantaba 6. jugar to -play (a sport, a game) singular 1 Yo jugaba translation 2 3

plural 1 I played, I was jugbamos nosotros nosotras playing, I used to play, I would t 2 jugabas play vosotros vosotras l ella Usted ellos ellas Ustedes jugaba 3 jugabais

jugaban 7. tocar to -play (a musical instrumen singular 1 Yo tocaba translation 2 3 plural 1 I played, I was tocbamos nosotros nosotras playing, I used to play, I would t 2 tocabas play

vosotros vosotras l ella Usted ellos ellas Ustedes tocaba 3 tocabais tocaban 8. empezar to begin, empezar a + infinitivo to start singular 1 Yo empezaba plural

1 translation 2 3 nosotros nosotras empezbamo I began (started), I was beginning (starting), I used to begin (start), I would begin t 2 vosotros empezabas (start) empezabais vosotras l ella Usted empezaba 3 ellos ellas Ustedes

empezaban 9. comer - to eat singular 1 coma Yo translation plural 1 I ate, I was eating, I used to eat, I would 2 eat comas 2 t 3 l ella

Usted coma 3 comamos nosotros nosotras comais vosotros vosotras ellos ellas Ustedes coman 10. poder to be able, can singular plural 1 Yo 2 I was able, I could,

I used to be able, I would be able t 2 vosotros 3 poda translation 1 podas l ella Usted poda nosotros nosotras podamos podais vosotras 3 ellos ellas Ustedes

podan 11. tener to have singular 1 Yo plural tena translation 1 nosotros nosotras 2 t 2 vosotros vosotras 3 l ella

Usted 3 ellos ellas Ustedes I had, I was having, I used to have, I would have tenas tena tenamos tenais tenan 12. hacer to do; to make singular 1 2 3 Yo plural

haca translation 1 l ella Usted 3 nosotros nosotras hacamos I did (made), I was doing (making), I used to do (make), I2would do t vosotros (make) vosotrashacais hacas haca ellos ellas Ustedes hacan

13. volver a + un lugar to return to a plac singular 1 2 3 Yo plural volva translation 1 l ella Usted 3 nosotros nosotras volvamos I returned, I was returning, I used to return, I would t

2 vosotros return vosotrasvolvais volvas volva ellos ellas Ustedes volvan 14. vivir to live singular 1 Yo plural viva translation 1 nosotros nosotras 2

t 2 vosotros vosotras 3 l ella Usted 3 ellos ellas Ustedes I lived, I was living, I used to live, I would live vivas viva vivamos vivais vivan 2. Irregular imperfect tense First, write the English equivalent for the Spanish infinitive. Then, conjugate the infinitive into the imperfect tense. Also,

write the English translation of the imperfect 1st person singular (yo) as it will be the basis for the other translations of each person. There are only 3 (THREE) irregular imperfect tense verbs SER (to be), VER (to see), IR to go YEA!! 15. ser - to be singular 1 Yo plural era 1 eras 2 vosotros vosotras era 3 ellos ellas Ustedes

translation I was, I used to be, I would be 2 t 3 l ella Usted nosotros nosotras ramos erais eran 16. ver - to see singular 1 Yo vea

translation 2 3 plural 1 I saw, I was nosotros nosotras veamos seeing, I used to see, I would see t 2 vosotros veais veas l ella Usted vea vosotras

3 ellos ellas Ustedes vean 17. ir - to go singular 1 Yo iba translation 2 3 plural 1 I went, I was going, I used to go, I would go t 2

ibas l ella Usted iba 3 nosotros nosotras bamos ibais vosotros vosotras ellos ellas Ustedes iban We checked out www.phschool.com/foreign_languages , and used web codes jdd-0404 and jdd-0405 to practice the imperfect tense. It helped us!!

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