Regional Basketball Officials Clinic 3 person mechanics

Regional Basketball Officials Clinic 3 person mechanics

Basketball Officials Clinic 3 person mechanics 3 Person Terminology

Rotation Switch

L Official (Lead) C Official (Center/Slot) T Official (Trail) Close Down Ball Side Strong Side Weak Side Table Side Opposite Side

Call selection Catalog plays Double Whistle Mechanics Game Management Aware of time, game, score, situations Live Ball Communication Patient Whistle

Secondary Whistle Last Second Responsibilities Pre-game Conference Do not overlook this important aspect of the game Know your partners name & tendencies Discuss switching, helping with press, displacement, & communication

Make sure to have the shooter & not to grant TO until all communication is done Discuss situations (types of players & style of play)

Double whistles (foul vs. violation?) Block/Charge Rebounding fouls Illegal screens New rules (team control fouls) Talk about dealing with technical fouls Discuss last minute & clock responsibilities

CAPTAINS MEETING & JUMP BALL PRODURES L Mirror ball, referee the lane/post area: T Get angle/position & on-ball coverage; 3 pt coverage C - Referee Off Ball, look for illegal screens, going through screens, displacement, holding, etc.

Primary Areas of Coverage Throw-In Responsibilities L may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt Administers all Throw-Ins below FT line extended

May bounce ball on sideline T handles all throw-ins in the backcourt, regardless of location (bump and run, if necessary) T may bounce any sideline or end line throw-in (may depend on defensive pressure) C out of bounds, always have 2 officials ball side for throw in

End Line Throw-Ins in the Frontcourt L may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt Shot & Rebound Coverage

Lead should not be positioned within lane lines Both C and T should close down on shots C is primarily responsible for weak side rebounding

Shot & Rebound Coverage Three-Point Shot Coverage Lead should not be positioned within lane lines

If both C and T indicate the 3-pt attempt, T should referee the defense on the shooter and stay with the shot; C should release and cover rebounding C/T should mirror the

Lead help on 3pt shot Only on fast break will Lead Signal 3pt. Signal Trail will still mirror 3pt. Signal and will go up if good w/ C mirroring made basket ROTATION SEQUENCES

Lead Official Closes Down, Prepare for Rotation When to initiate rotation at Lead YOU HAVE TO USE YOUR PERIPHERAL VISION AT ALL TIMES!!!!! The ball is below the free throw line extended (inside 3 pt. line) for an extended period of time If in the frontcourt (fast break) all 3 officials and the ball are in frontcourt status and the ball is weak-side

Want two people strong-side (ball-side) if possible The player has received the ball weak-side and Is definitely putting the ball into the post to a big man/woman (Think SHAQ) Has consistently beaten his/her man and looks to drive a lot Person at 3 pt line, looking to drive baseline also When not to rotate?

Quick jump shots Ball is being tossed around the arc or dribbled around the arc without making a drive to the basket When all 3 officials and the ball are not in the frontcourt Last few seconds to quarter or half Loose ball when no team possession is gained Exception: To get a better angle for a foul/jump ball

Then fix the move by going back to original position Lead Initiates Rotation, Trail goes to New C, and C goes to New T Responsibilities while rotating Lead must swivel head so that he/she still can call old primary area (lane area) until fully established in new position Dont pivot early, get to new primary the pivot

finishing rotation Trail & C must focus on primary area until Lead gets into new Lead position STAY WITH COMPETITIVE MATCHUPS AS NEEDED Use body language so partner know you are staying with players

Lead has ball coverage, Trail looks off ball (screens) & fouls above shoulders on shot Center Official referee off ball & rebound fouls Full Rotation: New Areas of Coverage Dont Hesitate! IF YOURE GONNA ROTATE..GO!!

How to fix a rotation During frontcourt team possession Use verbal or non-verbal communication with fellow officials During change of possession (going the other way) Easiest way to fix is for Old lead that rotated to go back to original position and work new Trail position If old Trail recognizes switch but new trail does not, Old lead (New Trail) can tell official to bump up to New Lead

If old Trail does not recognize switch (may have 2 new leads), verbally tell person to be at new C Fixing a Unnecessary Rotation, Quick Turnover, Lead Banana Back Trail Positioning Work the angles and see space Move to improve

Dont get stuck too far in court In way for transitions When the C can initiate rotation Team just established frontcourt possession on C Side Player is feeling pressure or is being trapped C must get angle and may need to go High to see the players/play (Goes to a Trail position)

Lead must recognize situation and rotate over Trail must recognize and help at 1st then move down to C Only use when appropriate and this may be missed by the Lead and Trail (be aware of situation) Center Initiates Rotation: Trap on Center Side by Mid-court

Press Coverage Old Lead/New Trail stay out of bounds until ball goes above FT line

Has ballhandler & defender Center stays at FT line & moves

w/ second wave of players L should have deepest player in front and boxed-in

C responsibilities in transition Center may have ball responsibilities on quick passes In any transition, can call across court to other sideline May have best view

across paint even in front court play Foul Reporting Mechanics Only 2 officials should be moving 3rd official dead ball officiating Calling official freeze after call & notify players/partners situation

Report Foul & Stay Table side Hustle around players & Stop in reporting area (Federation mechanics) Table side official go to calling officials previous area for throw-in or prepare FT Do not cross vision line of reporting official Trail gets ball for throw-in going outside players

& pointing to spot of throw-in Center C watches Official allwatches players all during players

dead during ball foul report Lead whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates

with partner situation, points to spot of throw-in Foul Reporting Mechanics: Lead non-shooting foul on baseline Lead gets ball, goes to opposite baseline for throw-in & point to spot of throw-in

Trail Official watches all players during foul report & rotates to New C position Center whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates

with partner situation, points to spot of throw-in Foul Reporting Mechanics: Center non-shooting foul on baseline Lead Official watches all players during foul report

Center Official watches all players during foul report & stays at same position Trail whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates w/ partner situation, points to spot of throw-in & stays in position for throw-in

After report, trail stays in position for throw-in Foul Reporting Mechanics: Trail non-shooting foul on sideline Foul Reporting Mechanics: Lead non-shooting foul on baseline

Foul Reporting Mechanics: C non-shooting foul on baseline Foul Reporting: Trail calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Lead calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Center calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Trail calls shooting foul

Foul Reporting : Center calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Lead calls shooting foul Free Throw Mechanics: Non-rebounding free throw Trail bring in subs Free Throw Mechanics: Rebounding free throw

Both Trail and Center step down on FT and Center chop clock, lead picks up arm to chop if made basket Bump & Run: C calls travel on White in transition Bump & Run: Trail calls backcourt on White in transition No Long Switches: Lead calls player control foul on White

Last Second Shot C or T Opposite table official is responsible L may need to offer assistance or be responsible if on fast break Responsible official should communicate with partners that he/she has the last second shot (discussed during pre-game)

On any TO, make sure to know situation & communicate w/ officials & teams Prior to report, tell fellow

officials whos ball or who the shooter is Timeout Mechanics & Positioning Work Hard & Do Your Best! Questions? Crew Assignments

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