Geography and Regions of the United States CSCOPE 2007 What is Geography? Geography is the study of the earths surface; includes peoples response to topography, climate, soil, and vegetation. Its what the earth looks like
How people interact with the environment CSCOPE 2007 Five Themes of Geography
The study of geography is categorized into five themes: Movement Region Human-Environment Interaction Location Place CSCOPE 2007 Movement Movement relates to where resources are located and how they are transported to
locations all over the earth. It deals with how people, ideas, and things get from one place to another. Movement helps us understand how we are connected and dependent upon other people and parts of the world. CSCOPE 2007 Region The earth is divided into different sections, based on certain shared traits.
Region may be based on : Same Climate Location Language and culture Landforms
Examples: the Middle East, Latin America, the Tropics CSCOPE 2007 Human-Environment Interaction This deals with how people interact with their surroundings. People depend on their environment People modify (change) the environment People adapt to their environment
CSCOPE 2007 Location Location answers the question: Where is it? There are two types of location: Relative location: Location of a place compared to other places (ex., near the hospital, down the street, next to Harmons)
Absolute location: This is the exact location of a place (ex., coordinates, address) CSCOPE 2007 Place This answers the question: What is it like there? A place can be described by special
characteristics Characteristics can be human or physical Human characteristics can include: Languages, holidays/traditions, clothing styles, political ideals, architecture Physical characteristics are: mountains, CSCOPE 2007 oceans, rivers, climate, animals, vegetation Class Outline Northeast South
Midwest West CSCOPE 2007 The Northeast Northeast Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia
CSCOPE 2007 Physical Geography of Northeast Northern Appalachian mountains run through most of the northeastern states, causing little farmland, except in valley areas. Deep bays exist, allowing for port towns. Jagged, rocky coastline in northern areas. CSCOPE 2007
Climate and Vegetation of Northeast: Humid Continental No Dry Season- this area receives precipitation throughout the year. Cold, snowy winters and hot summers. Moderate growing season that decreases as you go north. Vegetation is mixed forests with deciduous and coniferous trees. CSCOPE 2007
Historical Geography of the Northeast The Northeast has the longest history of European settlement . Historically, the Northeast has been the gateway to immigrants. Established itself as the financial and manufacturing hub early in the industrial revolution. CSCOPE 2007
Population Geography of the Northeast Population is concentrated in the Megalopolis that runs from Boston to Washington (AKA Bosnywash). This is the most densely populated region in the United States. CSCOPE 2007 Land Use in the Northeast
Dairy Farming Farming Timber Maritime Activity Some Mining Note: As you go north, the growing
season shortens, which limits farming. In part of the Northeast, timber is a primary economic activity. CSCOPE 2007 Economic Geography Northeast is the heart of the Manufacturing core, but lately has been termed the RUST BELT. This extends into the Midwest. Why do you think its called the Rust belt? Where have industries relocated? Why?
CSCOPE 2007 New England Legacy New England is famous for its prep schools and is home to some of the most elite Universities in the world: Harvard, Yale, MIT, Boston College, Brown, and Dartmouth (just to name a few). One of the best resources New England has is its educated
population. CSCOPE 2007 New England Politics New England is generally progressive in politics and states usually are affiliated with the Democratic party, although some rural areas tend to vote Republican.
CSCOPE 2007 The South States included: North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Louisiana. Transition States: Virginia, W. Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas
CSCOPE 2007 Climate and Vegetation of the South Humid subtropical, with hot, humid summers and long growing season. Winters are mild, seldom with snow. There is no dry season. Vegetation: Mixed forests. The South is known for plants such as live oaks,
magnolia trees, flowering dogwoods. CSCOPE 2007 Economic Geography of the South Historically based on agriculture, with tobacco and cotton being the first cash crops. Fishing is a common activity in Gulf Coast States. Tourism along the Gulf Coast, especially Florida.
Oil Industry is located in the Gulf and in cities like Houston and Beaumont, close to continental shelf drilling. CSCOPE 2007 Political Activity The South is known for its conservatism. The Republican Party dominates the South as a result. Resistance to same-sex marriage, abortion, feminism, desegregation, and the abolition
of slavery are part of the political history of the South. CSCOPE 2007 Midwest Included States: Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa Transition States: Pennsylvania, Missouri CSCOPE 2007
Physical Geography of Midwest Flat landscape, with river basins. Distinctive Great Lakes, which provide for shipping. CSCOPE 2007 Climate of the Midwest: Humid Continental No Dry Season- this area receives precipitation throughout the year. Cold, snowy winters and hot summers. Moderate growing season that decreases as
you go north. Vegetation is mixed forests with deciduous and coniferous trees. CSCOPE 2007 Historical Geography of the Midwest The Mid-west was considered the Western Frontier, hence the name. Historically known as the breadbasket of the U.S., as this is also an agricultural region.
Also known as a manufacturing, blue-collar hub of the U.S. CSCOPE 2007 Population Large cities include Chicago and Detroit The region is evenly distributed. Population is dense along the Great Lakes.
CSCOPE 2007 Economic Geography Dairy Farming in Wisconsin and Minnesota Fruit Orchards in Michigan Corn in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa Manufacturing in urban cities along Great Lakes, like Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago (Steel Towns).
CSCOPE 2007 Breadbasket of the USA Corn is most notably grown, but soybeans, wheat, and fruits orchards are also commonly found throughout the Midwest. Dairy products are famous in which state in the Midwest? CSCOPE 2007
Great Plains Region Strip of States through the center of the Country. Includes: Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota. Transition States: Oklahoma,
Panhandle of Texas, Eastern Colorado, Wyoming and Montana. , CSCOPE 2007 Physical Geography of the Great Plains The Great Plains are also called the High Plains, as the elevation increases gradually as you go west. Generally flat with some rolling hills.
Major River Basins: Red R., Arkansas River, Platte River, and the Missouri River. CSCOPE 2007 Climate of the Great Plains This area receives little rainfall (less than 18 in. a year on average). Cold Winters, especially in the northern areas. CSCOPE 2007
Historical Geography of the Great Plains Before Americans settled the frontier, the Great Plains was home to several Indigenous culture, most notably the Sioux and the Cheyenne. During the 19th century, the Great Plains became the staging point of war between the native people and the American settlers. CSCOPE 2007
Homestead Act of 1862 This act provided each settler with 160 acres of land, as long as he cultivated the land. This caused a rush of settlers to the Great Plains region in the 1800s. Ironically, the Great Plains has lost a third of its population since 1920. Kansas has 6,000 ghost towns. CSCOPE 2007
Population of the Great Plains Two words: Rural and declining. CSCOPE 2007 Mountain and Basin States States included: New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Arizona Transitions: Colorado, Wyoming and Montana are also Great Plains States Southwest: Texas, New Mexico, Arizona,
Southern Utah/Nevada. CSCOPE 2007 Physical Geography Characterized by the steep and jagged Rocky Mountain Range. CSCOPE 2007
Climates Highland climate is found throughout the Rockies Deserts In general, the area is arid. Farming is done with irrigation. CSCOPE 2007 Historical Geography
Mining towns Outlaws (Wild West) Cattle/Sheep Grazing Reservation Lands Las Vegas and RenoGambling towns
National Park Service CSCOPE 2007 Population Geography Not densely populated. Major urban centers include: Denver, Salt Lake City, Phoenix. CSCOPE 2007
Economic Activity Grazing Mining Tourism Lumber CSCOPE 2007 Pacific Coast States California, Oregon and Washington
CSCOPE 2007 Physical Geography of West Coast Mountain Ranges (Sierra Nevada and the Cascades) and Rocky coastlines due to subduction forces. Physical hazard exist across the region due to tectonic forces.
CSCOPE 2007 Southern California The continual presence of natural hazards, including fire, flood, earthquakes, and intense drought, has done little to reduce the growth of this area San Andreas Fault Los Angeles is the 2nd largest city in the U.S.
CSCOPE 2007 Population Geography More dense along the coastal areas, especially between San Diego, LA, and San Francisco. Other urban centers exist around Seattle and Portland.
CSCOPE 2007 Economic Activity Movie Industry Wine (Napa and Sonoma) Tourism
Fishing on the coast CSCOPE 2007 Western Politics The West coast states are known for their liberalism in politics. Examples: Oregon has legalized euthanasia, all have legalized medicinal marijuana, California recognizes same-sex marriage
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