Research with Indigenous Peoples: Respect, Reciprocity and ...
Chapter 9: Research with Inuit, Mtis and First Nations Peoples Balancing Academic and Community Values Dr. Lynn Lavalle, Ryerson University Canadian Association of Research Ethics Boards Saturday, May 1, 2015 Vancouver, BC Honouring the Traditional Territory Aboriginal values becoming the norm in the academy
Musqueam, Squamish Tsleil-Waututh Overview Overview of Chapter 9 Articles Conflicting values and other issues
Hiring/building capacity Dissemination Honoraria for advisors/elders/traditional knowledge keepers Intellectual property Recommendations for REBS Community Responses Contributed to Chapter 9 National Aboriginal Health Organization
Ownership Control Access Possession (Schnarch, 2004) Five Rs from First Nations education +
Respect Reciprocity Relationships Responsibility (Kirness & Barnhardt, 2001) Relevance (Lorilee McGregor) Community Response www.naho.ca/documents/metiscentre/english/PrinciplesofEthicalMetisResearch-descriptive_001.pdf Six Principles of Mtis Research (NAHO) Reciprocal relationships Respect for individual and collective, autonomy, identity, personal values, gender, confidentiality, practice and protocols
Safe and inclusive environments Recognize diversity within and between Mtis Relevant, benefit all, accurate, accountable, responsible, acknowledge contribution, protect Mtis cultural knowledge Mtis context history, values, knowledge, etc. Research in the North/Inuit Association for Canadian Universities for Northern Studies (ACUNS). (2003). Ethical Principles for Conduct of Research in the North. Ottawa. www.acuns.ca/ethical.htm Aurora Research Institute. (2009). Guide for Research in the
Northwest Territories. http://wiki.nwtresearch.com/ResearchGuide.ashx Nunavut Research Institute. (2006). Licensing Process. Iqaluit. www.nri.nu.ca/lic_process.html Canadian Ethics Tri Council Policy Statement TCPS www.pre.ethics.gc.ca TCPS Chapter 9
Research Involving the First Nations, Inuit and Mtis Peoples of Canada 2014 22 Articles to help guide researchers and research ethics boards in reviewing research protocols Application across universities and provinces varies TCPS Chapter 9 Defines who Aboriginal people are Inuit, Mtis and First Nations
Emphasize diversity within groups Requirement of Community Engagement in Aboriginal Research On lands Recruitment criteria including Aboriginal identity
Cultural heritage, artefacts, traditional knowledge Interpretation of results will refer to Aboriginal as a variable Challenges You are collecting demographic data on ethnicity which includes First Nations, Inuit or Mtis. Article 9.1(d) of the TriCouncil Policy Statement states that community engagement is required for research in which Aboriginal identity or membership in an Aboriginal community is used as a variable for the purpose of analysis of the research data. While your project is not specific to the Aboriginal community, you are asking a question about
Aboriginal identity. If the data you collect allows you to analyze this specific variable and you will be making inferences about Aboriginal people you will be required to engage the Aboriginal community in question prior to publishing such results. Chapter 9 Demonstrating engagement Research agreements (9.11) Letter of approval
Respect for Governing Authorities Comples Authority Structures Diverse Interests Collaborative Research (9.12) Respectful relationships Participatory designs Chapter 9 Community REBs 9.10 Requirement to Advise on Plan for
Community Engagement Where engagement is not being proposed researchers shall provide a rationale acceptable to the REB REB member must understand the political identity of specific communities Mutual benefits (9.13) Chapter 9 Capacity building and strengthen research capacity (9.14)
Hire Aboriginal people Does your REB assess this? Recognition of the role of Elders (9.15) Provide ethical guidance Paying honoraria consultant fees! Chapter 9
Interpretation and dissemination of research results (9.17) Intellectual property (9.18) Significant challenges Ideologically different
Indigenous knowledge cannot be intellectual property Publications & dissemination REB reviewers look for this in the research agreement! Chapter 9 Biological materials and secondary use (9.19- 22) Secondary use of information or bio materials identifiable as originating from Aboriginal peoples
Linking two or more anonymous datasets or human bio material (avoid another Dr. Ward) Practical Suggestions for REBs Ask the questions Modify protocol forms Engagement, research agreement, dissemination, intellectual property, mutual benefit, building capacity Does the researcher/s know the community?
Political and cultural identity Ontario COO, independents, Mtis, Native Womens (ONWA), Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami Build capacity in REB How does your REB ensure this expertise? Where do we go from here? Communities are developing their own research ethics guidelines!
Where do we go from here? We are here! Infiltrate to Transformate the Colonial System Huy tseep qu Miigwetch Thank you
Asteroids and consequences for Earth Eros…an asteroid with a lander (NEAR) NEAR lands on asteroid Eros The big asteroids (none visited yet by spacecraft) Ceres 930 km Vesta 520 km Pallas 520 km Juno 480 km Vesta as seen by...
The Headright System and Indentured Servitude. Headright System 1618. Introduced by the Virginia Stock Company to lure settlers to Jamestown. System applied to any person who paid for their own or another's passage to . Virginia- would receive 50 acres...
Def. of s. Polygon ... A trapezoidis a quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides. Each of the parallel sides is called a base. The nonparallel sides are called legs. Base anglesof a trapezoid are two consecutive angles whose...
Heather J. MacLean Chichester, Ph.D. ... Todd Allen Cynthia Papesch Jack Henderson Rita Baranwal Lance Snead Arthur Motta Bryan Chin Dion Sunderland Maria Okuniewski Kenneth Geelhood Heng Ban Vincenzo Rondinella Robert Hanrahan Heather Chichester James Stubbins Djamel Kaoumi Jacob Eapen...
Neither Roman citizens nor their slaves were allowed to become priests or priestess in the cult. No native-born Roman citizen was to be allowed to dress in bright colors, beg for alms, walk the streets with flute players or worships...
Learning Objectives - Uninterrupted Flow Define two classifications of flow Describe Greenshields linear speed-density model Explain what is meant by capacity, and capacity values of q, k, and u Evaluate conditions at multiple locations surrounding a blockage to traffic flow,...
(Change Management) Preventive and Mitigating Controls Preventive Controls PREVENTING AN INCIDENT BY REDUCING THE LIKELIHOOD THAT AN INCIDENT WILL OCCUR Good Planning (Site Inspection TBRA, PTW) Primary Fixings / Secondary Retention / Maintenance Surveys and Inspections Tools and Equipment Aloft...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!