MS Science Final Review The liquid part of the blood is called ______ plasma hemoglobin platelets white blood cells
plasma Oxygen is carried from your lungs to the rest of your body by __ white blood cells capillaries lymph vessels
hemoglobin hemoglobin ____ help the blood to clot. white blood cells lymph vessels platelets antigens
platelets _______________ is tissue fluid from cells that has entered the lymph vessels. hemoglobin plasma antigen
lymph lymph The force of the blood on the walls of the blood vessels is called _ blood pressure cholesterol
lymph nodes hypertension blood pressure In systemic circulation, blood returns from your body through the inferior vena cava to the ____
left atrium right atrium left ventricle right ventricle right atrium In pulmonary circulation, blood flows through two organs, the _
brain and heart heart and kidneys heart and liver lungs and heart lungs and heart Blood in the veins (except the pulmonary veins) is _
high in oxygen low in oxygen low in wastes high in nutrients low in oxygen Anemia is a disorder where there are too few __________ in the blood
lymphocytes white blood cells red blood cells platelets red blood cells All of the following are true EXCEPT
newborns have passive immunity vaccines create active immunities immunities build as you get older passive immunity lasts many years passive immunity lasts many years
Which of the following is the correct sequence of the organs of the digestive tract? mouth, stomach, esophagus, small intestine, large intestine esophagus, mouth, stomach, sm. intestine, lg. intestine mouth, esophagus,sm. intestine, lg. intestine mouth, esophagus, stomach, sm. intestine, lg. intestine A(n) ___________ is a type of protein that breaks
down large molecules into smaller molecules. nutrient chyme enzyme villi enzyme
Most of the chemical digestion in your body takes place in the _ mouth large intestine stomach small intestine; duodenum small intestine; duodenum
The accesory organs of the digestive system include the _____ stomach, liver, mouth liver, gallbladder, pancreas liver, gallbladder, intestines peristalsis, insulin, enzyme
liver, gallbladder, pancreas __________are waves of muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract. insulin enzymes gravity
peristalsis peristalsis The _______________ keeps food from entering your airways when you swallow. epiglottis pharynx
larynx trachea epiglottis Bile is a substance that _____ is stored in the gallbladder helps break fat into smaller pieces is green
all of the above all of the above Chewing is an example of _____ chemical digestion mechanical digestion losing weight stress relief
mechanical digestion The _____ is the longest part of the digestive system. esophagus small intestine large intestine
gallbladder small intestine Chemical digestion begins in the ______ small intestine esophagus mouth
stomach mouth When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen and remove __? air carbon dioxide
nitrogen nitrogen dioxide carbon dioxide Cellular respiration requires supplying your bodys cells with _______ to release energy.
oxygen blood bone marrow enzymes oxygen ______ is a tube-like passageway for air.
epiglottis esophagus trachea sinuses trachea Within the lungs, the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs between the _________ and the capillaries.
trachea diaphragm alveoli bronchi alveoli The ____ prevents food or liquid from entering your trachea.
alveoli bronchi epiglottis larynx epiglottis _____ in cigarette smoke is the greatest contributor to lung cancer.
hydrogen tar carbon dioxide tobacco tar _________serves to filter the dust and dirt particles from the air before the air enters your lungs.
pharynx larynx tongue mucus mucus The _______ contains the vocal cords.
mouth larynx pharynx lungs larynx Your ______ contracts and relaxes, changing the volume of your chest.
diaphragm larynx pharynx trachea diaphragm A disease that causes narrowing of the bronchi and bronchioles is _________.
sinus infection cold asthma lung cancer asthma The main excretory organs in your body are the skin, lungs, large intestine and the ___
kidney ureter urethra bladder kidney A tube called the ____ leads from the bladder to the outside of the body.
ureter renal artery renal vein urethra urethra People whose ______ dont work may have to undergo dialysis.
alveoli bladders lungs kidneys kidneys The main filtering unit in the kidney is called a(n) _____
from the kidneys to the bladder. urethra ureters Loop of Henle renal tubules ureters
Blood vessels that move blood away from the heart are called arteries Blood vessels that move blood to the heart are called veins Blood vessels that connect arteries and veins are called
capillaries Do the two matching sections on your review. The answers are below plasma dissolves and transports nutrients white blood cellsfights bacteria, viruses, etc red blood cellssupplies your body with oxygen plateletsclots blood
Matching II salivary glandmakes salive large intestineabsorbs water from undigested food esophagustube that connects mouth with stomach stomachturns food into chyme small intestinemost chemical digestion occurs here gallbladderstores bile mouthwhere food is ground to bits
Answers to flow through the heart 3 5 1 4 2 Six nutrients that body needs
carbohydrates fats (lipids) proteins water vitamins minerals Explain the difference between mechanical and chemical digestion
Mechanical: food is broken into smaller pieces with chewing, churning and mixing. Chemical: Food is broken down into smaller molecules using chemical reactions What is the function of the digestive system? To break down food so that nutrients can be absorbed into blood. Put these parts of the respiratory system
in order, starting at the mouth/nasal passage. bronchi larynx nasal passage/mouth
pharynx trachea alveoli No person likes to breathe applesauce
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