Respiratory System Review

Respiratory System Review

MS Science Final Review The liquid part of the blood is called ______ plasma hemoglobin platelets white blood cells

plasma Oxygen is carried from your lungs to the rest of your body by __ white blood cells capillaries lymph vessels

hemoglobin hemoglobin ____ help the blood to clot. white blood cells lymph vessels platelets antigens

platelets _______________ is tissue fluid from cells that has entered the lymph vessels. hemoglobin plasma antigen

lymph lymph The force of the blood on the walls of the blood vessels is called _ blood pressure cholesterol

lymph nodes hypertension blood pressure In systemic circulation, blood returns from your body through the inferior vena cava to the ____

left atrium right atrium left ventricle right ventricle right atrium In pulmonary circulation, blood flows through two organs, the _

brain and heart heart and kidneys heart and liver lungs and heart lungs and heart Blood in the veins (except the pulmonary veins) is _

high in oxygen low in oxygen low in wastes high in nutrients low in oxygen Anemia is a disorder where there are too few __________ in the blood

lymphocytes white blood cells red blood cells platelets red blood cells All of the following are true EXCEPT

newborns have passive immunity vaccines create active immunities immunities build as you get older passive immunity lasts many years passive immunity lasts many years

Which of the following is the correct sequence of the organs of the digestive tract? mouth, stomach, esophagus, small intestine, large intestine esophagus, mouth, stomach, sm. intestine, lg. intestine mouth, esophagus,sm. intestine, lg. intestine mouth, esophagus, stomach, sm. intestine, lg. intestine A(n) ___________ is a type of protein that breaks

down large molecules into smaller molecules. nutrient chyme enzyme villi enzyme

Most of the chemical digestion in your body takes place in the _ mouth large intestine stomach small intestine; duodenum small intestine; duodenum

The accesory organs of the digestive system include the _____ stomach, liver, mouth liver, gallbladder, pancreas liver, gallbladder, intestines peristalsis, insulin, enzyme

liver, gallbladder, pancreas __________are waves of muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract. insulin enzymes gravity

peristalsis peristalsis The _______________ keeps food from entering your airways when you swallow. epiglottis pharynx

larynx trachea epiglottis Bile is a substance that _____ is stored in the gallbladder helps break fat into smaller pieces is green

all of the above all of the above Chewing is an example of _____ chemical digestion mechanical digestion losing weight stress relief

mechanical digestion The _____ is the longest part of the digestive system. esophagus small intestine large intestine

gallbladder small intestine Chemical digestion begins in the ______ small intestine esophagus mouth

stomach mouth When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen and remove __? air carbon dioxide

nitrogen nitrogen dioxide carbon dioxide Cellular respiration requires supplying your bodys cells with _______ to release energy.

oxygen blood bone marrow enzymes oxygen ______ is a tube-like passageway for air.

epiglottis esophagus trachea sinuses trachea Within the lungs, the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs between the _________ and the capillaries.

trachea diaphragm alveoli bronchi alveoli The ____ prevents food or liquid from entering your trachea.

alveoli bronchi epiglottis larynx epiglottis _____ in cigarette smoke is the greatest contributor to lung cancer.

hydrogen tar carbon dioxide tobacco tar _________serves to filter the dust and dirt particles from the air before the air enters your lungs.

pharynx larynx tongue mucus mucus The _______ contains the vocal cords.

mouth larynx pharynx lungs larynx Your ______ contracts and relaxes, changing the volume of your chest.

diaphragm larynx pharynx trachea diaphragm A disease that causes narrowing of the bronchi and bronchioles is _________.

sinus infection cold asthma lung cancer asthma The main excretory organs in your body are the skin, lungs, large intestine and the ___

kidney ureter urethra bladder kidney A tube called the ____ leads from the bladder to the outside of the body.

ureter renal artery renal vein urethra urethra People whose ______ dont work may have to undergo dialysis.

alveoli bladders lungs kidneys kidneys The main filtering unit in the kidney is called a(n) _____

alveoli renal artery villi nephron nephron Tubes called ______________ move urine

from the kidneys to the bladder. urethra ureters Loop of Henle renal tubules ureters

Blood vessels that move blood away from the heart are called arteries Blood vessels that move blood to the heart are called veins Blood vessels that connect arteries and veins are called

capillaries Do the two matching sections on your review. The answers are below plasma dissolves and transports nutrients white blood cellsfights bacteria, viruses, etc red blood cellssupplies your body with oxygen plateletsclots blood

Matching II salivary glandmakes salive large intestineabsorbs water from undigested food esophagustube that connects mouth with stomach stomachturns food into chyme small intestinemost chemical digestion occurs here gallbladderstores bile mouthwhere food is ground to bits

Answers to flow through the heart 3 5 1 4 2 Six nutrients that body needs

carbohydrates fats (lipids) proteins water vitamins minerals Explain the difference between mechanical and chemical digestion

Mechanical: food is broken into smaller pieces with chewing, churning and mixing. Chemical: Food is broken down into smaller molecules using chemical reactions What is the function of the digestive system? To break down food so that nutrients can be absorbed into blood. Put these parts of the respiratory system

in order, starting at the mouth/nasal passage. bronchi larynx nasal passage/mouth

pharynx trachea alveoli No person likes to breathe applesauce

bronchi 5 larynx 3 nasal passage pharynx 2 trachea 4 alveoli 6 1

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