Restorative consideration of endodontically treated teeth.
RESTORATIVE CONSIDERATIONS FOR ENDODONTICALLY TREATED TEETH. ADA Meeting 19 July 2011 www.endodonticpractice.co.nz Endodontics
The branch of dentistry that deals with maintaining healthy dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of diseased dental pulp to promote healing and restoring the health of the tooth and the surrounding peri-radicular tissues to maintain the function and aesthetics of the teeth.
The Consultation - History - Exam - Diagnosis - Treatment plan - Treatment - Recall
The Plan Coronal Restoration - Remaining tooth structure - Periodontium - Strategic importance - Occlusion - Material(s)
- Matches tooth colour - Less toxic - Quick turn-around - Bonds to teeth - Technique sensitive - Brittle
- Cost - set up - patients In-direct restoration Indirect lab based Gold, PFM, PJC, Zirconia Advantages
Disadvantages - Matches tooth colour - Less toxic - Good seal - Restores tooth resistance - Time consuming
- Brittle (Porcelain) - Cost - Delayed Clinical Guidelines A virgin tooth is prestressed where the cusps are in constant tension pushing towards each other to allow for the flexing occlusal forces.
Occlusal filling 20 %. I will happily replace this with amalgam or composite. MO or DO 40 % I would restore them with amalgam or composite. However as soon as you roughly lose just over 2/3(M-D) x 1/3 (B-L) of the tooth I would seriously consider cusp capping with amalgam or composite MOD 60 % At this stage, I will do a full coverage restoration with amalgam or composite
If a cusp is missing then the ability to withstand fracture reduces even further. When restoring a tooth, one must look at the remaning tooth structure and then decide what filling they will do. This is the primary determining factor. The aim of the game to restore the tooth to as close to its original state.
Do all root filled teeth require crowns? The routine use of posts and cores in anterior teeth is not required unless there is gross loss of coronal tooth structure. In fact there is lesser leakage with a bonded composite that a post core and crown. If you are going to make a veneer, you are better off making a crown. Generally too much tooth structure is lost to make a nice veneer so crown the tooth especially if it is heavily filled
Root canal treated posterior teeth, usually needs a crown when they are cusp capped. As a general rule, It can increase the chances of success by 6-11 fold. In any case the core material that is used does not matter if there is sufficient tooth structure to provide a ferrule effect. The Ferrule When using a core build up in either anterior or posterior
teeth, ideally there must be at least 2 mm of sound tooth structure above the free gingival margin for the placement of a crown. This is the ferrule. This increases the resistance of teeth to fracture and also allows for the margins from getting plaque accumulation and subsequent secondary decay. 1mm ferrule double the resistance to fracture. Uneven ferrule is better than no Ferrule. So dont pick up that bur and trim the last remaining millimetre of supra-gingival tooth just so that
your cast post is easier to fit. Crown Lengthening Surgery
1.0 mm cemetal-fibrous interface, 1.0 mm epithelial attachment, 1.0 mm sulcus 1.0 mm finishing margin = 4.0 mm above crestal bone Orthodontic extrusion is better than CLS
How long before a crown Review in 6 months to check for healing. If no change. Review in another six months. Crown when healing visible at the recall. If crowning will reduce the chances of leakage such post core crown for anteriors. Crown immediately after RCT.
Is coronal seal more important? The Coronal Seal The coronal seal is NO more important than the root filling itself. Adequate root filling
Coronal seal Clinical Guidelines Timing of final restoration Tooth fracture prior to final restoration; Inadequate final restoration
lacks ideal marginal integrity forces of occlusal function deterioration Recurrent decay How do we improve our success rate?
Pathway to success Sensibility test Pathway to success Correct diagnosis www.endodonticpractice.co.nz
Pathway to success Rubber dam isolation www.endodonticpractice.co.nz Pathway to success Adequate Access
Pathway to success Locate all the canals www.endodonticpractice.co.nz MB 2 is Not
a Myth!! Pathway to success Thorough chemo-mechanical preparation Pathway to success Well constructed provisional restoration
Pathway to success Unidentified Iatrogenic damage Perforation www.endodonticpractice.co.nz Pathway to success Produce an acceptable root filling and
construct a good coronal seal Outcomes Favourable - Healing - Pre-operative PA area 73%-97% - More than 2 roots 84% - No pre-operative PA area 88%-97%
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