Rinse, Lather, Repeat: Replicating, Reinforcing, and Refining ...

Rinse, Lather, Repeat: Replicating, Reinforcing, and Refining ...

Rinse, Lather, Repeat: Replicating, Reinforcing, and Refining for Success Developed and Presented by Pitt Community College Developmental Studies English Faculty Regina Garcia Allison Flowers Jennifer Leigh Sallie Stone Cheri White Darlene Smith-Worthington

Rinse, Lather, Repeat The gaps we span Bridge students to the Land Of Promise, Potential, Prosperity So today, you will see That we approach this process With great reverence and temerity For the results we seek are induced by Rinse, Lather, Repeat Rinse, Lather, Repeat Rinse, Lather, Repeat DRE 096 is in the RLR Remix Im Gonna Rinse! Im gonna rinse bad habits out of my mind

Im gonna rinse anxiety out of my mind Im gonna rinse low confidence out of my mind And send them on their way And send them on their way! Rinse - Deprogram Lack of preparation How do we address this problem? Lather - New Skills Begin class ONLY when students are prepared Count students without books and materials absent Use departmental policies to encourage

effective student skills ATTENDANCE POLICIES 1. 2. 3. 4. Two tardies equal one absence. You are allowed four (4) hours of absences in DRE classes Leaving class early without permission will result in being counted absent. You may make up work if you are absent for one of the following reasons: Personal illness with verification from a physician.

Death in the immediate family (spouse, children, parents, or grandparents.) Verification of the death may be required by the instructor. A school-sponsored activity. A court appearance which must be verified by letter from an attorney or judge. Jury duty with documentation Required military service. 5. You are not allowed to make up work for absences related to the following reasons: Medical, dental, or legal appointments Lack of transportation

Registration Picking up financial aid checks Minor illness Sports team practice Meeting with advisor Work-related responsibilities Lack of child care

Developmental Studies Departmental Policies CELL PHONE POLICY: The cell phone policy in the Developmental Studies Department is very simple: Cell phones should be turned off and put away during class time. Therefore, the following statements are unnecessary, but just in case If your phone rings during class, you will be asked to leave the class for the day and will be counted absent. If you are seen text messaging during class, you will be asked to leave the class for the day and will be counted absent. If you anticipate an emergency situation, give your contact person the number for Campus Security, 493-7777, and someone will come to get you immediately. Rinse - Deprogram

Not activating prior knowledge/schema How do we address this problem? Lather - New Skills Use THIEVES notes (beginning of annotation) Guide class discussion followed by journal assignment PRE-READING STRATEGIES Title Headings Illustrations

End of chapter/section questions Vocabulary Embedded questions in margin Summary The Pact Journal Prompts: Choose one or more to respond to in paragraph form, using MLA format. Response must be a minimum of 12 sentences! 1) Have your friends been a help or a hindrance in your academic pursuit? How? 2) What situations from your past almost kept you from pursuing success? 3) Who has been your main supporter/ motivator for success? 4) Have you ever made a pact with your friends? Discuss. Rinse - Deprogram

Passive reading How do we address this problem? Lather - New Skills Require thorough annotations Circle vocabulary Enter summary notes in the margins Highlight supporting details Note questions and answers Add reactions and responses Annotation Example Rinse - Deprogram No idea generation or

outlining How do we address this problem? Lather - New Skills Map writing process and check as each step is completed Provide outlines and paragraph sentence drafts Conference on each step for Unit 1; conference on outlines and rough drafts The Writing Process 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Idea generation: brainstorming, freewriting, bubble mapping Thesis development and choose topic for paragraph from thesis Outline Paragraph sentence draft Revision of draft Editing Final Draft

PROOFREAD!!! DRE 096 Paragraph Outline DRE 096 Paragraph Sentence Draft Rinse - Deprogram Ignorance of or refusal to edit How do we address this problem? Lather - New Skills Grammar blasts Aplia Substitutions for use of 2nd person Editing worksheet requirement

Repeat DRE 096 course is designed to help students internalize the reading and writing processes. Each unit covers the same skills and assignments in a specified sequence. The following are expected of students for each reading: 1. Skim reading to activate what the topic is 2. Journal- pre-reading on topic of reading 3. Annotate Identify unfamiliar words

Write in margin and underline proof or support of margin notes 4. Vocabulary quiz 5. Topic sentences of paragraphs (while going over annotation) 6. Authors purpose 7. Audience= what would they put in if different audience 8. Main Idea and Major Details 9. Patterns of organizations with signal words 10. Fact/Opinion 11. Inferencing Tone Mood

Drawing conclusions 12. Critical thinking with short answer questions 13. Paragraph writing DRE 097 Just Cant Stop the RLR Bop by paying homage to learning inspired by the King of Pop Dont Stop til You Get Enough Keep on with the Rinsing Dont stop til you get enough! Keep on with the Structure

Dont stop til you get enough Keep on Fixing Grammar Dont stop til you get enough! Keep on Learing New Stuff Dont Stop til you get enough! DRE 097 The goals are as follows: Students will demonstrate the use of reading and writing processes. Students will apply critical thinking strategies in reading and writing. Students will recognize and compose welldeveloped, coherent, and unified texts. Of Course We Rinse Throughout!

Really, its like a Repeat Rinse! The lingering tendencies to not activate prior knowledge! We address this by continuing the prewriting strategies and discussion on topic and theme and prompting them to connect those concepts to self and society. The low academic self confidence and self limiting beliefs! We address this by integrating low stakes practice and perfect assignments while building toward high stakes mastery assignments centered around a theme. The continual desire not to engage in the before and after stages of reading and writing! We address this by integrating the execution of these stages into assessment. REPEAT Honoring the Past: Activation of Prior Knowledge

Now Acknowledging Prior DRE Course Knowledge Prior Formal Educational Knowledge Prior Reading Content Knowledge Prior Life Experience REPEAT: Dont Stop til You Get Enough! (You can never really get enough, can you?) Grammar Concepts and Editing Strategies Stages of Reading Concepts and Pre-Writing, Outlining and Drafting Concepts from DRE 096 Annotation Techniques and Vocabulary in Context Strategies

Consistent Reading and Writing Term Usage and Application LATHER: Lathering in New Information to Ready the Student for the Future thus Adding to the Coffers of Knowledge New ways to develop ideas New ways to consider ideas New ways to blend the old into the new New and more complex topics to consider New ways to connect texts to themselves New ways to connect texts to other texts New ways to connect texts to the world

REPEATING, LATHERING, RINSING, OH MY! Reading Implement the comparison and contrast of texts and other media forms under an umbrella theme Work collaboratively to build knowledge base (schema) on themes presented in the media Refine annotation strategies for application usage on tests and quizzes REPEATING, LATHERING, RINSING, OH MY! Writing Continuing the practice of following prewriting, outlining, and editing strategies

Increasing the focus on the connection of the topic sentence to the thesis (Repeat) Intensifying body paragraph development practice using a variety of rhetorical modes (Repeat and Lather) Adding the concepts of developing new paragraph structures such as the introduction and conclusion (Lather) Assigning multiple free writing and associated media assignments to generate ideas for writing and promote critical thinking to develop responses (Lathering and Repeating) Adding the Five Paragraph Essay Structure (Mastery) PRE-WRITING This is How We Do It! Exemplification Body Paragraph

Prompt Options: 1. 2. 3. 4. Discuss three good ways to meet a potential mate. Discuss three factors people should consider before naming their child Discuss three important pieces of information that individuals should know about their partner before deciding to marry. Discuss three ways that peoples names can impact their

lives. Develop your closed thesis statement: ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ Write your three topic sentences based on your thesis statement: 1. Brainstorm or freewrite on your chosen

prompt:_______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ 2. 3. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _____________________________________________

________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Its More than Fine to Outline Pick one of your above topic sentences to guide your outlining process: B. Major Detail 2: ____________________________ Dev: Topic Sentence:

_________________________________________ __________________________________________ Dev: A. Major Detail 1:_________________________________ _________________________________________ Dev: _________________________________________ Dev:

Dev: ___________________________________ _________________________________________ Dev: ___________________________________ Dev: ___________________________________ Dev: _____________________________ Wrap Sentence: __________________________________________________

Now go on to use your outline to create a rough draft. This should be one paragraph that reflects one topic sentence. Example of an Associated Lesson that Integrates Reading and Writing in the DRE 097 Way! Text To Text Activity Read and/or activate schema on Richard Wrights Black Boy. Then, consider the following poem by Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906): We Wear the Mask

WE wear the mask that grins and lies, It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes, This debt we pay to human guile; With torn and bleeding hearts we smile, And mouth with myriad subtleties. Why should the world be over-wise, In counting all our tears and sighs? Nay, let them only see us, while We wear the mask. We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries To thee from tortured souls arise. We sing, but oh the clay is vile Beneath our feet, and long the mile; But let the world dream otherwise, We wear the mask!

Lesson Continued Questions 1. Who do you think we is in this poem? (topic) _______________________________ _______________________________ 2. What do think the writer is trying to say about the topic? (controlling idea) ________________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ 3. What details does the writer give

in this poem that lead you to his controlling idea? ________________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ 4. How does this connect to the main idea that Wright attempts to convey in Black Boy? What does Wright say about his experience that parallels what Dunbar expresses in his poem? _______________________________

_______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ Text to Self Free write about a time when you felt that you had to wear a mask (narrative). How did it make you feel (descriptive)? How did you handle your feelings? __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ Ultimate Mastery: A Lather and A Repeat DRE 097 Essay Outline

Introduction (Lather) Body Paragraphs Body Paragraph One (Repeat same structure for two and three) Hook: (1 2 sentences) Topic Sentence: (to focus your paragraph by commenting on your first point of development) __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

Major Detail 1: _________________________________________________ Background / supporting information: (3 5 sentences) Specific examples that support your major detail (3-4 sentences of observations, readings, prior knowledge): ______________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Closed thesis statement: (1 sentence that contains your topic, controlling idea, and three points of development) __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________ _ Major Detail 2: ______________________________________________________ __________________ Specific examples that support your major detail (3-4 sentences of observations, readings, prior knowledge): ___________________________________________________ DRE 097 Essay Outline Continued... Conclusion (4-6 sentences) Lather Restatement of thesis (in different wording than original thesis): _____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________ What do your ideas demonstrate concerning the focus of your essay? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Explain why the ideas in your essay are important / relevant Closing thought: ___________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ DRE 098 rounds out our hit list with one we can all lather up to! Pump up the Volume Put your finger on the nozzle and Pump up the Volume (3xs) Put your hands in the lather and

Pump up the Volume (3xs) Keep your minds on what you know and Pump up the Volume (3xs) Add New Skills (Its unreal) Youll Pump up the Volume (3xs) DRE 098 Rinse Academic Skills Lack of preparation Lack of prior knowledge Lack of pre-reading Lack of annotation skills Lack of understanding reading/composition connection Lack of editing/proofreading skills Self-limiting Beliefs

I hate to read. I cant write. I dont need to be in this class. I dont like to ask questions. DRE 098 Lather Annotation Annotation Guide for articles and textbook chapters Annotation Chart for non-fiction book Chapter Settings

Characters Character Traits Things to Important Events Remember For Topics Chart DRE 098 Lather Linking reading to composition through

Topics Chart Theme recognition Finding evidence Connecting themes from one reading to another Text Identity and Family Function or Identity

and Societal Perceptions Dysfunction Ericksons Stages Color of Water Blaxicans The

Meaning of Keeping Kosher Identity and Race Identity and Religion Identity and Education DRE 098 Lather

Summary Writing Summary Notes Recall Card Summary Quickstart r DRE 098 Lather Responding to Literal, Interpretive and Analytical Questions Multiple Choice (Literal) Short Answer (Interpretive) Essay (Analytical) Documented Essay Writing Open Thesis Statement Text to Self

Text to Text Text to World Incorporating Textual Evidence MLA Parenthetical Citation DRE 098 Repeat From DRE 097 Journal Writing (Text to Self) Annotation of narrative essays Main Idea and Major Details Organizational Patterns Outlining Rough Drafts Use of Terms Within DRE 098

Annotation (all readings) Book Quizzes (3 times) Journals (2 times) Rinse, Lather, Repeat We are the Champions, my friends cause well keep on teaching til the end! Rinse, Lather, Repeat Rinse, Lather, Repeat No time for failure Just Rinse, Lather, Repeat til the End! (2x)

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