Roboethics By Kevin and James What is the problem ? - What is Ethics an Issue in Robotics? - Fear of Rebellion against humanity since first introduction in Fiction - But actual ethical questions do also arise - Examples Include: - Robots Harming People (Killbots, Self Driving Cars, Etc) - Robots causing Loss of Worker Revenue (Robots replacing
Workers) History - 1942 Isaac Asimov wrote Runaround - Three laws of robotics - A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. -
A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. - A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws History - 2004 : First International Symposium on Roboethics - 3 diverse mindsets appear after heavy debate -
There exist no ethical problems in the field of robotics - Focus should be on short term ethical issues - Focus should be on long term ethical dilemmas Robots: Ethical Issues? Whats That? -
Robots simply a form of technological advancement - Partially a technologically deterministic view on Robotics - Tech will always improve, and will always get better - No sense in attaching ethics, as humans have no responsibility on technological improvements - Equally an Instrumentalist view on Robotics - Tech is simply a means to an end - Nothing but a tool, and will eventually become the best tool for the job
Focusing on the Short Term - - Ethics should be focused on near future - Only Immediate positive and negative impacts of robotics - For Example: - Using a Robot to help the elderly would be good -
Using a Robot to kill others would be bad Flaws with this perspective - Based on current social/moral views - Based on personal values - Not Consistent Long Term Vision: Ethical Issues - Focus on ethical questions from long term use of robotics - Lost Jobs - Technological Divides
- Social Standing - Reduced human interactions - Dependence on Robots - Robots can help in society, but they can also be a detriment to society Examples of Ethical Questions: 1 - - Photo by Michel Rathwell; The photo can be found at https://goo.gl/ftje43
Meet Carl, a long-haul trucker Together with many coworkers, laid off due to introduction of self-driving transport trucks Workers who remained receive pay cuts due to lower demand Ethical Questions: Carl the Truck Driver - Whose fault is it that Carl was laid off? Why did he lose his job? Is it right that this happens?
Examples of Ethical Questions: 2 - Your business partner had developed an improvement on fully automated drones - Now capable of delivering everything from Packages to Pizza - Massively Increases Productivity - Government interested in tech - First, to deliver supplies into hard to reach areas - Later, as a weapons platform Ethical Questions: Fully Automated Drones -
- Who should take the responsibility for these future drones, consumers, manufacturers, or society as a whole? Should drones ever be weaponized? How will the increased use of drones affect society as a whole? Ethical Questions: Current Reality - -
- Companies are already gravitating towards automating many jobs - Cars - Delivery - Assembly By 2030, an estimated 800 million jobs will be replaced by robots - No need for rest/breaks - No training required - Much lower long term costs Robots are already being weaponized by militaries around the world But not all side effects of robotic use are negative - Applications of robots in medical fields is being researched to improve techniques - New technologies could create new job opportunities
One last issue ! - Are robots just tools for humanity to use or are they our partners to coexist with moving forward?
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