CBHS Unit 6 Mr. Buttell The Spirit of the Age (1790 A sense of a shared

1850) vision among the Romantics. Early support of the French Revolution. Rise of the individual alienation.

Dehumanization of industrialization. Radical poetics / politics an obsession with violent change. A Growing Distrust of

Reason Enlightenmen Society is t good, curbing Early

19c violent impulses! Romanticis Civilization

m corrupts! The essence of human experience is subjective and emotional.

Human knowledge is a puny thing compared to other great historical forces. Individual rights are dangerous efforts at

selfishness the community is more important. The Romantic Movement Began in the 1790s and peaked in the 1820s.

Mostly in Northern Europe, especially in Britain and Germany. A reaction against classicism. The Romantic Hero:

Greatest example was Lord Byron Tremendously popular among

the European reading public. Youth imitated his haughtiness and rebelliousness.

Characteristics of Romanticism The Engaged & Enraged Artist: The artist apart from society. The artist as social

critic/revolutionary. The artist as genius. Wanderer Above the

Sea of Fog Caspar David Friedrich, 1818 Lady Macbeth - Henry

Fuseli, 1794 Characteristics of Romanticism The Individual/ The

Dreamer: Individuals have unique, endless potential. Self-realization comes through art

Artists are the true philosophers. The Dreamer Gaspar David Friedrich, 1835

Solitary Tree Caspar David Friedrich, 1823 Characteristics of Romanticism

Glorification of Nature: Peaceful, restorative qualities [an escape from industrialization

and the dehumanization it creates]. Awesome, powerful, horrifying aspects of nature. Indifferent to the fate of humans.

An Avalanche in the Alps Philip James de Loutherbourg, 1803

Sunset After a Storm On the Coast of Sicily Andreas Achenbach, 1853 The Deluge

Francis Danby, 1840 Tree of Crows Caspar David Friedrich, 1822

The Wreck of the Hope (aka The Sea of Ice) Caspar David Friedrich, 1821 Shipwreck Joseph Turner, 1805

The Raft of the Medusa Thodore Gricault, 1819 The Eruption of Vesuvius - John Martin

Isaac Newton William Blake, 1795 Dr. Frankensteins Adam & Eve??

Rain, Steam, and Speed Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1844

Rain, Steam, & Speed (details)

The Slave Ship Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1842 The

Slave Ship (details) Flatford Mill John Constable, 1817

The Corn Field John Constable, 1826

Characteristics of Romanticism Revival of Past Styles: Gothic & Romanesque revival. Neo-Gothic architectural style.

Medieval ruins were a favorite theme for art and poetry. Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishops Ground John Constable, 1825

Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows John Constable, 1831 Hadleigh Castle - John Constable,

1829 Eldena Ruin Gaspar David Friedrich, 1825

Winter Landscape with Church Gaspar David Friedrich, 1811 British Houses of Parliament 1840-1865

Characteristics of Romanticism The Supernatural: Ghosts, fairies, witches, demons. The shadows of the minddreams & madness.

The romantics rejected materialism in pursuit of spiritual self-awareness.

They yearned for the unknown and the unknowable. Cloister Cemetery in the Snow Caspar David Friedrich, 18171819

Abbey in an Oak Forest Caspar David Friedrich, 18091810 Mad Woman

With a Mania of Envy Theodore Gericault, 1822-1823

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed

with the Sun William Blake, Nightmare (The Incubus) Henry Fuseli, 1781

Manfred and the Witch of the Alps John Martin - 1837 Witches Sabbath

Francisco Goya, 1798 Greece on the Ruins of

Missolonghi Eugne Delacroix, 1827 Liberty Leading the People

Eugne Delacroix, 1830 Detail of the Musket Bearer Delacoix,

himself His Majestys Ship, Victory (Trafalgar) - John Constable, 1806

An Officer of the Imperial Horse Guard Thodore Gricault, 1814

Napoleon at the St. Bernard Pass David, 1803

The Shooting of May 3, 1808 Francisco Goya, 1815 Pandemonium - John Martin, 1841

Characteristics of Romanticism Exoticism:

The sexy other. A sense of escape from reality. A psychological/moral justification of imperialism? Massacre of Chios - Eugne

Delacroix, 1824 The Fanatics of Tangiers Eugne Delacroix, 1837-1838

The Sultan of Morocco and His Entourage Eugne Delacroix, 1845 The Turkish Bath

Jean Auguste Ingres, 1852-1863 The Bullfight - Francisco Goya The Royal Pavillion at Brighton John Nash, 1815-1823

God as the Architect - William Blake, 1794 Elohim Creating Abraham William Blake, 1805

Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve William Blake, 1825 The Seventh Plague of Egypt

John Martin, 1823 The Cathedral Gaspar David Friedrich,

1818 The Cathedral (details) Gaspar David

Friedrich, 1818 The Great Age of the Novel Gothic Novel:

Jane Eyre - Charlotte Bronte (1847) Wuthering Heights - Emily Bronte (1847)

Historical Novel: Ivanhoe - Sir Walter Scott (1819) Les Miserables - Victor Hugo (1862) The Three Musketeers Alexander Dumas

The Great Age of the Novel Science Fiction Novel: Frankenstein - Mary Shelley

(1817) Dracula Bramm Stoker (1897) Novel of Purpose: Hugh Trevor - Thomas Holcroft (1794)

Other Romantic Writers Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

- Grimms Fairy Tales (1814-1816) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Faust (1806-1832)

The Romantic Poets Percy Byssche Shelley Lord Byron (George Gordon)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge William Wordsworth John Keats

George Gordons (Lord Byron) Poem The Prisoner

of Chillon Mary Shelley Frankenste in

Sir Walter Scott Ivanhoe

William Wordsworth s Poem, Tintern Abbey

The Political Implications Romanticism could reinforce the greatest themes of political liberalism or political conservatism.

Contributed to growing nationalist movements. The concepts of the Volk and the

Volkgeist. (Spirit of an individual people) The uniqueness of cultures was


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