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The Homefront By: Caleb, liam, & carter THE HOME FRONT WAS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT. IT PRODUCED THE WEAPONS, THE INCOME, THE SUPPLY OF TROOPS AND FOOD THAT KEPT THE WAR GOING. THESE WERE ALL DONE BY CIVILIANS AT HOME, NOT SOLDIERS.

Why was the home front significant? Continued THE HOME FRONT REFERS TO THE COUNTRY'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE WAR. IN WORLD WAR 1, COUNTRIES LIKE CANADA WERE IN THE WAR, BUT DID NOT HAVE BATTLES ON THEIR HOME SOIL. THE HOME FRONT HOWEVER WAS IMPORTANT BECAUSE PEOPLE AT HOME

WERE UNDER THINGS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO HELP THE WAR EFFORT. WOMEN WORKED IN FACTORIES. WOMEN TOOK THE MEN'S OLD JOBS WHILE THEY WERE AT WAR. FOOD WAS RATIONED SO MORE COULD BE SENT OVERSEAS, SCRAP METAL WAS COLLECTED TO BE MELTED INTO BULLETS. INCOME TAX AND DAYLIGHT SAVINGS Home front refers to... Keeping up moral

Keeping up military industries Getting more soldiers If the home front breaks down typically the country is eliminated Russian Home Front WW1 was total war for Russia Despite entering the war with the largest military, Russia was not

prepared. Russia lacked factories and financial means. Russia had a weak monarchy and had political chaos at the Home Front. Russia experienced food shortages Total War for Russia Total War is the organization of entire societies for war in a social,

economic, and even spiritual sense. Protests and debates were a major part in the war. Financial Issues Russia wasn't prepared financially with supplies and weapons due to low money. They even had to steal some supplies and weapons.

Food Shortages People of Russia suffered to to port blockages. Russia had its origins in urban food riots The distribution of food broke down Women's Role Six thousand women went to combat Russia was the only country to employ women systematically in

sexaully segregated military formations. How was the Homefront affected Quality of life decreased. Inflation and Poverty. (Inflation increased by 400%) Labor Shortage Women working in the military and government. Communism arose.

Austria-Hungary Home Front Austria-Hungary's nationalities were the Slavs and Romanians. They remained loyal to the Habsburgs as long as their interests could not be better served elsewhere. When consensus broke down on the monarchy's home front it was the result of a severe economic crisis. The empire as a whole had been economically singled out before 1914, but war saw an immediate shortage of grain. This occurred because the Russians had taken the land.

The grain problem was bad. Austria was the empire's agricultural heartland. In fact, the first destination of Hungarian surpluses was the army, although Hungarian civilians' rations were still maintained at a higher level than Austrians' were. Two meatless days per week had to be imposed in Austria. Inflation was the main cause of this. United States Home Front 1. Women and the Workplace 2. Mobilization

3. Government Agencies & Programs 4. Propaganda in the U.S. 5. Anti-German Ideals Women & the Workplace When men went to fight in the war, women took vacant jobs in various mens positions Due to the war, munitions factories were made and women were

the highest employed in these factories Women took many new positions such as railway guards and ticket collectors, buses and tram conductors, postal workers, police, firefighters and as bank tellers and clerks Though, women were paid less than men workers U.S. Mobilization Although the war began on July 28th, 1914, the U.S. did not enter

until April 6th, 1917 Before entry into the war, the U.S. supplied the Allied powers with food, munitions, and other valuable resources The government enforced an army draft Upon entry, the Federal Government was not prepared for the conflict Government Agencies & Programs

In order to support the war effort while sustaining a stable economy back home, the Federal Government had to invent a series of agencies to deal with varying parts of society The War Industries Board was created in July of 1917 to coordinate purchases made by the U.S. The Food Administration was established shortly after entry in the war and its job was to maintain reasonable food prices while still being able to supply the Allied Powers in Europe with food

On August 23rd, 1917, the Fuel Administration was made. The purpose of this admin. was to ensure good production and delivery levels of coal and fuel while Propaganda in the U.S. The United States used propaganda to form an opinion for its citizens Propaganda could depict the enemies overseas or call the people to action in many ways from buying war bonds to conserving foods and resources that could be aided to the war effort

President Wilson created the Committee on Public Information which oversaw the development of propaganda George Creel was a journalist that directed the Committee and he utilized all forms of entertainment for his ideas Propaganda was used in many different forms such as: posters (most commonly), Propaganda in the U.S. Cont... Artists like James Montgomery Flagg and Charles Dana Gibson were

hired to produce the pieces James Flagg is widely known for his Uncle Sam poster Creel intended to place propaganda anywhere an American would travel He even created propaganda films such as, Americas Answer and Under Four Flags Anti-German Ideals

German citizens had to register with the Federal Government and had to carry the registration at all times Early in 1917, already 2,048 Germans were imprisoned Civilians were paranoid of German espionage or plotting German courses were taken out of school curriculum A man was even killed just for being German in a bar in Illinois

Soldiers Back Home Many soldiers returning home from World War 1 experienced psychological issues such as PTSD caused by shell shock or other factors Though, at the time the condition was not diagnosed and people thought that the soldiers were being weak or cowardly Sigmund Freud proposed war neurosis as a title for these issues Only until later did shell shock or war neurosis come to be

known as PTSD Britain Homefront 1.Women in the Homefront 2.German Air raids 3.Economy During the War 4.Mental Hospitals 5.People's Thoughts of the war

Women in British Homefront During the war, the women were way more involved in jobs at home. Due to all the working men leaving to fight in the war, many women took over their husbands jobs to help with the war effort. Women worked in factories to supply 80% of the weapons to give to the army. Women were paid lower wages than the men and lost their jobs to the men

returning back from war. Those who did not worked alongside the men, but for lower wages. German Air Raids on Britain In the beginning of the war there was a lot of patriotism and war pride. However, when Germany started the air raids hope was almost completely lost.

The Germans used Zeppelins to drop bombs all over the British cities. This was the first time the civilians were being targeted and killed during the war. Britains Economy During the War During the war Britains economy was in shambles. The Government had to rationalize many things just to afford the cost of the military.

Factories worked 24/7 in order to produce the necessary military equipment needed by the soldiers. Propaganda was also a huge part of the home front in Britain. The Germans were considered the worst enemy of the Central Powers. Britain used cartoons and slogans to sway the beliefs and thoughts of the people to join the rally for war. Mental Hospitals in Britain

There were over 102 psychiatric asylums in England and Wales in 1914. Over 108,000 men, women and children lived permanently in these institutions. The conditions were awful and patients were poorly treated. Many of the patients were dealing with ptsd and other serious conditions from the war. People's Thoughts of the War

At first the people were enthusiastic about the war and very proud of fighting or joining the war effort for Britain. However after the battle of the Marne the hopes of a quick and easy war were lost and the number of casualties shocked the nation. The opinions of the war changed drastically throughout the war. One man, Siegfried Sassoon, was a famous British poet who wrote about the horrors of the war. His poems were very controversial and he was eventually sent to a mental hospital, almost ending up in jail.

France home front -Women in the war. -Economy in France during the war. -New leaders in France --Propaganda -More on women hardships

More on women in the war -Many bad things happened to women during the war. Mainly factory accidents and deaths occurred which caused issues on the Homefront. -Also the German occupation of the Northeastern part of France was a horrible place for women and they faced many hardships there. Many were either killed or raped by German officials. -Many of the jobs gained by women in the war were eventually lost or

retaken by returning soldiers from the war. Women in the home front -Due to all the men leaving for the war, the women had to take on the role of men at the time. -Women in the countryside had to take the responsibility of all the farm work. Women in the cities took up jobs in the factories working overtime.

-Many joined nursing for the sick and wounded during the war. -Also women wrote letters to the soldiers to increase morale. Was known as pen pals. Economy in France during the war my was hurt by Germany controlling 14% of France. The areas they controlled produced 58%of the steel and 40% of the coal. -The national debt rose from 66% of GDP in 1913 to 170% in in 1919.

-Also inflation rose heavily and people were becoming more impoverished. -The franc lost over half its value against the British pound. New leaders in France -Georges Clemenceau became prime minister in November 1917. -This was a time of loss and defeat in France. -Georges wanted to boost and restore morale of the people of France.

-He won all party support to fight to victory. French propaganda in the war -French propaganda involved a majority of hatred against Germany like Britain. -Posters and cartoons were also used in order to portray the evil image of Germany. -Propaganda worked for the most part in gaining support for the war

from the people. Serbia Home front during the war -Begining of the war -Serbias military and war effort -Hardships of the war -Deaths and casualties -Propaganda

Beginning of the war -Serbia had 350,000 men in the Balkans. This was due to a small population of 4.6 million people. -They basically depended on France for support and leadership. -Austria attempted a quick raid on Serbia but failed when Serbia pushed them out. Both suffered major losses from the battles. -1915 was a sort of peace time due to no real military action

Serbias military Like previously stated the military was only made up of 350,000 men. -They were small but experienced and quick. They were faster and more intelligent in the war category then the Austrians. -Germany took over Serbia with Austrian help. They tried to make Serbia join the empire but they didn't.

Serbias hardships -Serbia had an extremely low supply of food. -Also many Serbians caught typhus and died during the war. -As previously stated Germany did take over Serbia. Deaths and casualties -The total death toll from the war in Serbia was 615,000 soldiers 600,000 Serbian civilians were dead.

-30,000 Serbian soldiers were taken prisoner during the war. - Many also died from typhus and other diseases throughout the war. Propaganda in Serbia during the war -Like all other nations during the war, Serbia had propaganda to help persuade the people to join the cause. -The enemy was seen as Austria-Hungaria mainly. -The people joined the war cry and effort in order to form their own

kingdom. -Eventually they did achieve this goal and formed their own independent kingdom in 1918 after the war. Citations "Striking Women." World War I: 1914-1918. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2016. Alchin, By Linda. "WW1 Mobilization." : US History for Kids ***. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2016. "World War I Agencies." World War I Agencies. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2016

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