Safety and Health Programs Slide Presentation

Safety and Health Programs Slide Presentation

Safety and Health Programs OSHA 10-hour Outreach Training General Industry PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 1 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Introduction Each year, thousands of workers die as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. Safety and Health Programs can help reduce these fatalities through a proactive approach to finding and fixing hazards before they cause injury, illness, or death. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

2 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Introduction Lesson objectives: 1. Recognize the costs of workplace accidents. 2. Recognize benefits of implementing an effective safety and health program. 3. Describe the elements of an effective safety and health program. 4. Identify three methods to prevent workplace hazards. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

3 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup $$$ Costs of Accidents Direct costs: Cost of treatment Cost of physician and hospital Cost of medications Cost of medical equipment Source: NIOSH PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

4 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup $$$ Costs of Accidents Indirect costs: Schedule delays Lower morale Increased Absenteeism

Poor Customer Relations Re-training PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 5 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Benefits of Safety & Health Programs Pros of Safety and Health Programs Cons of Safety and Health Programs Source: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 6 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Benefits of Safety & Health Programs Benefits may include: Improvements in product, process, and service quality Better morale Improved recruiting and retention More favorable image and

reputation PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, Source: OSHA 7 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 8 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Elements of Safety & Health Programs Management Leadership Action Item 1: Communicate your commitment to Safety and Health Programs How to accomplish it: Establish a written safety and health policy statement signed by top management Communicate the policy to all workers, contractors, unions, supplier, visitors, customers, etc. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 9

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Management Leadership Action Item 2: Define program goals and expectations How to accomplish it: Establish realistic, attainable and measurable goals that demonstrate progress toward improving safety and health Develop safety and health plans PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 10

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Management Leadership Action Item 3: Allocate Resources How to accomplish it: Integrate safety and health into planning and budgeting Allow time in workers schedule for participation PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 11 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Elements of Safety & Health Programs Management Leadership Action Item 4: Expect Performance How to accomplish it: Define and communicate responsibilities and authorities for accountability Set an example for workers by following the same procedures PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 12 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs

Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 13 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Worker Participation Action Item 1: Encourage workers to report safety and health concerns How to accomplish it: Establish a process to report injuries, near misses and other safety and health concerns Empower workers to temporarily suspend

work they feel is unsafe PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 14 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Worker Participation Action Item 2: Encourage participation in the program How to accomplish it: Provide positive reinforcement to workers who participate Maintain an open-door policy, inviting workers to speak to managers about

safety and health PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 15 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Worker Participation Action Item 3: Involve workers in all aspects of the program To accomplish, allow workers to be involved in: Developing a program Reporting hazards and developing solutions

Analyzing hazards Defining safe work practices Conducting site inspections Participating in incident/near-miss investigations Serving as trainers Developing and evaluating training programs PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 16 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Worker Participation Action Item 4: Give workers access to safety and health information

To accomplish, give workers information they need to understand safety and health hazards: Safety Data Sheets Injury Illness Data Results of exposure monitoring PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 17 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Worker Participation Action Item 5: Remove barriers to participation

How to accomplish it: Ensure workers from all levels of the organization can participate regardless of skill level, education, or language Ensure policies and programs do not discourage worker participation PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 18 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Source: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 19 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 20 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Identification Action Item 1: Collect existing

information about workplace hazards How to accomplish it: Collect, organize and review information to determine what types of hazards are present and workers exposed PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 21 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Identification Action Item 2: Inspect the workplace How to accomplish it: Routine inspections of workflow,

equipment, materials and talk to workers Use checklists PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 22 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Identification Action Item 3: Conduct Incident Investigations How to accomplish it: Develop a plan and procedure to begin investigation immediately after an

incident or near miss. Conduct root cause analysis and investigate with a team. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 23 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Identification Action Item 4: Identify hazards associated with emergency and nonroutine situations How to accomplish it: Assess foreseeable emergency

scenarios or non-routine tasks Conduct table top exercises to help you plan and test your response plan and procedures PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 24 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Identification Action Item 5: Characterize the nature of identified hazards, determine the controls to

be implemented and prioritize the hazards for control How to accomplish it: Evaluate each hazard by considering the severity of potential outcomes, the likelihood that an event will occur and the number of workers exposed Prioritize hazards so that the greatest risks are addressed first Use interim control measures to protect workers until more permanent solutions can be implemented PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 25 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health

Programs Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 26 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Prevention and Control Action Item 1: Identify control options How to accomplish it: Review literature, OSHA standards, NIOSH publications, etc. for potential

control measures Get input from workers, safety consultants, or investigate other workplaces with similar hazards PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 27 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Prevention and Control Action Item 2: Select controls How to accomplish it: Select controls using the hierarchy of controls

Use a combination when no single method fully protects the worker PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 28 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Prevention and Control Action Item 3: Develop and update a hazard control plan How to accomplish it: List hazards in order of priority, assign responsibility to a person(s), establish a target completion date.

Plan how to track progress and verification of implementation PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 29 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Prevention and Control Action Item 4: Select controls for emergency and non-routine operations How to accomplish it: Develop procedures to control hazards during these situations. Assign responsibility for implementing

the plan and conduct emergency drills. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 30 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Prevention and Control Action Item 5: Implement selected controls in the workplace How to accomplish it: Implement controls starting with highest priority, however, regardless of priority employers must protect workers from recognized serious

hazards PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 31 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Hazard Prevention and Control Action Item 6: Follow up to confirm that controls are effective How to accomplish it: Conduct regular inspections of controls, confirm that work practices are being followed. Track progress and implementation

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 32 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 33 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health

Programs Education and Training Action Item 1: Provide program awareness training How to accomplish it: Provide training to all managers, supervisors and workers as well as contractors and temporary workers on: safety policies and procedures, program functions, emergencies, injury illness reporting, and their rights under the OSH Act Ensure the training is provided in a language and literacy level that all workers can understand PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

34 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Education and Training Action Item 2: Train workers on specific roles and responsibilities in the safety and health program How to accomplish it: Instruct workers with specific roles within the safety and health program on how they should carry out those responsibilities Provide opportunities for workers to ask

questions and offer feedback during training PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 35 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Education and Training Action Item 3: Train workers on hazard identification and controls How to accomplish it: Train managers and works on techniques for identifying hazards; such as job hazard analysis

Have workers demonstrate they can recognize hazards and understand why controls are in place Provide training on new tasks and new assignments Provide training where required by specific OSHA standards such as; hazard communication and lockout/tagout PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 36 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

37 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Program Evaluation Action Item 1: Verify the program is implemented and is operating How to accomplish it: Verify the core elements of the program are fully met and key processes are in place and implemented Verify injuries are being reported, inspections are conducted, progress is being tracked in

controlling identified hazards to ensure control measures are effective and data collected to monitor the programs performance PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 38 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Program Evaluation Action Item 2: Correct program deficiencies and identify opportunities to improve How

to accomplish it: Proactively seek input from managers, workers, supervisors and other stakeholders on how you can improve the program Determine whether changes in equipment, facilities, material, personnel or work practices trigger any need for changes in the program Determine whether the metrics and goals are still relevant and how you could change them to more effectively drive improvements PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 39 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs

Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 40 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Multi-Employer Worksites Action Item 1: Management Leadership How to accomplish it:

Provide a copy of the safety and health policy to all contractors Before beginning on-site work, clarify each employers responsibilities and obligations, such as; Providing training Selecting, providing and maintaining PPE Recording and reporting any injuries or illnesses Procedures for communication between host employer and all contractors PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

41 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Multi-Employer Worksites Action Item 2: Worker Participation How to accomplish it: Encourage employees to raise safety concerns Identify and remove any obstacles to their participation in a program or reporting PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

42 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Multi-Employer Worksites Action Item 3: Hazard Identification and Assessment How to accomplish it: Host employer performs a worksite hazard assessment and shares the results Contractors perform pre-job hazard assessments of the work they will perform

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 43 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Multi-Employer Worksites Action Item 4: Hazard Prevention and Control How to accomplish it: Before beginning work, the host employer gives contractors information about programs and procedures to control workers exposure to hazards PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs,

44 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Multi-Employer Worksites Action Item 5: Education and Training How to accomplish it: The host employer and contractor identify any qualifications and certifications required by the workers Temporary and contract workers also receive appropriate hazard and standard specific training

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 45 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Elements of Safety & Health Programs Multi-Employer Worksites Action Item 6: Program Evaluation and Improvement How to accomplish it: Exchange data on metrics tracks and use this data to evaluate the programs effectiveness All contractors should participate in these

evaluations Sharing the results of the evaluations with contractors, subcontractors and temporary staffing agencies who can then inform the affected workers of the results PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 46 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards Methods to prevent/control workplace hazards: Benefits of effective controls Protect workers from hazards Help avoid injuries, illnesses,

and incidents Minimize/eliminate safety and health risks Help employers provide safe/healthful working conditions PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, Source: OSHA 47 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards Involve workers

Understand conditions that create hazards Insights into how hazards can be controlled Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 48 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards Identify and evaluate options Source: NIOSH

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 49 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Prevent/Control Workplace Hazards Use a hazard control plan Develop plans with measures to protect workers during emergencies and non-routine activities Evaluate effectiveness of existing controls and review new technologies PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 50

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Summary OSHA encourages employers to create a proactive approach for finding and fixing hazards in the workplace. An effective safety and health program increases worker involvement, management commitment and allows employers to better manager their resources, personnel and environment. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 51 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Knowledge Check 1. Which of the following is a benefit from implementing an effective safety and health program? a. Higher morale of the workforce b. Improved company reputation c. Lower Worker Compensation Insurance rates d. All of the above Answer: d. All of the above PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 52 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Knowledge Check 2. Which of the following is a direct cost of an accident? a. b. c. d. Lost production Retraining of new workers Physicians examination Poor customer relations Answer: c. Physicians examinations

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 53 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 3. Employers must correct all identified hazards; however, which of the following hazards should the employer work to correct first? a. Guard missing on a piece of equipment, used every 6 months b. Broken rung on ladder, used daily by the entire crew c. Loose handrail on a dozer, used by a single equipment operator d. Wet floor by an eyewash station, in a path not travelled by personnel

Answer: b. Broken rung on ladder used daily by the entire crew PPT 10-hr. General Industry Safety and Health Programs, 54 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

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