Chapter 28: Infectious Diseases Lesson: 1&3 Target Audience:

Chapter 28: Infectious Diseases Lesson: 1&3 Target Audience:

Chapter 28: Infectious Diseases Lesson: 1&3 Target Audience: Parents of Children Ages 1-4 Authors: Ashley Campbell

Lauren Heatherly Janet Liebman Rakel Sanchez An infectious disease An infection caused

by a bacteria called Salmonella United States= 40,000 reported cases yearly - Actual number of infections may exceed one million

Approximately 600 persons die annually People of all ages can catch salmonella Infants and young children are at a greater risk due to their underdeveloped immune systems

www.cdc.org,2004 Animal feces Contact with infected animals Fecal-oral transmission

Unwashed hands Raw poultry, eggs, and unpasteurized milk/cheese products

Cross-contamination

Diarrhea

Nausea Vomiting Stomach pain Headache Fever Onset 12-72 hours after infection

Usually lasts 4 to 7 days - most recover without treatment - fluid intake to avoid dehydration

Severe infections may require hospitalization/antibiotics - May spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then on to

other body sites, which can cause death unless treated with antibiotic Laboratory tests identify Salmonella in the stools of the infected person Once Salmonella has been identified, further testing can determine the

specific type, then antibiotics are given Active immunity- your body develops to protect you from disease - Some last a lifetime - Some only last a short period of time

Passive immunity- the temporary immunity that an infant acquires from its mother No vaccine

Dont eat raw or undercooked food Cross-contamination of foods should be avoided

Do not prepare food or pour water if you are infected with the bacteria

Wash hands, kitchen surfaces, and utensils with soap and water after they have come in contact with raw meat or poultry

Wash hands after contact with animal feces Avoid direct/indirect contact between reptiles and infants

1. Explain to children what germs are and where they are found 2. How to properly

wash their hands 3. When to wash their hands Salmonellosis is an infectious disease Infants and young children are at the

highest risk Most commonly spread by unwashed hands, cross-contamination, and infected animals Remember the six steps of proper hand washing

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