SCARCITY AND FACTORS OF PRODUCTION E.1 Objectives Students will explain why scarcity and choice are basic
problems of economics. Students will identify factors of production, including the two types of capital. Students will explain the role of entrepreneurs. Warm Up: Needs and Wants
Think of the items you use everyday. Categorize them into needs and wants Needs and Wants Needs: Wants:
Because we cant have everything we want or need, we have to consider our options How does this play into economics? Economics is all about the choices that people make The study of how people seek to satisfy their -needs
and wants by making choices BUT WHY DO WE HAVE TO MAKE CHOICES? SCARCITY
Limited quantities of resources to meet unlimited wants. America is relatively wealthy, so its difficult to understand the idea of scarcity GOODS: physical object (shoes, shirts, etc.) SERVICES: actions/activities that one person performs for
another (haircuts, dental checkups, tutoring, etc.) Goods Services
Scarcity vs. Shortage Shortages occur when producers will not or cannot offer goods or services at the current prices. (temporary or long-term) Scarcity always exists because our needs and wants
are always greater than our resource supply. Goods and services are scarce because they are all made from resources that are scarce Factors of Production Resources that are necessary to produce goods and
services Warm-Up Lets make a list of resources
needed to make this car. Factors of Production Land Natural resources
Factors of Production Labor Effort that a person devotes to a task for which that person is paid Factors of Production Capital Any human-made resource that is used to produce other
goods and services (MONEY) Physical Capital human-made objects that are used to create other goods and services (capital goods, physical goods ) Human Capital knowledge and skills a worker gains through education and experience Which of the following is an example of a resource?
Petroleum A factory A cheeseburger dinner Which of the following situations represent(s) resource scarcity? Rapidly growing economies experience increasing levels
of water pollution There is a finite amount of petroleum in the physical environment Cassette tapes are no longer being produced. Factors of Production
If land, labor, and capital are the essential ingredients for creating all goods and services, who pulls all of these resources together? Entrepreneurs are ambitious
leaders who decide how to combine land, labor, and capital resources to create new goods and services they solve problems; make lives easier
NAME SOME ENTREPRENEURS Who do you know? Could you be an entrepreneur? Self-Evaluation
Categories You and your group will go to one of the places of business posted around the room. You will think about all the resources that business will need and categorize them into
Natural resource Labor Capital Entrepreneurship Entrepreneur Project
Exit Ticket On the back of your self-evaluation. Explain why scarcity and choice are basic problems of economics. Name the factors of production with an example for each, including the two types of capital
Explain the role of entrepreneurs in economics and why they are important.
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