Sectionalism -

Sectionalism -

WARM UP: List the differences between the northern and southern regions of the United States (going back to the colonial era) Sectionalism Sectionalism MAIN IDEA: In the 19th century, sectionalism in the U.S. grew stronger over the issues of slavery and

states rights. What is sectionalism? A strong loyalty to a particular region of the country Personal identification with a section of the U.S. instead of the whole nation Differences

among the regions affect viewpoints, actions, and reactions of people living in different regions Characteristics of Each Region NORTH People: Most cities (more urban)

Many factory workers Most reform groups High population growth Geography

Cool climate, rocky soil; fishing Economy Manufacturing, fishing, wage labor Characteristics of Each Region SOUTH People:

many slaves Geography Live on farmland (plantations) Warm climate good farmland Economy

Farming (cotton, tobacco, sugar) Slave labor and slaves (as property) Characteristics of Each Region WEST People:

Lightly populated Mixture of ethnic groups (Indians, white, Spanish, French) Geography Plentiful land, minerals, fur resources Economy

Small farms, mining (coal, gold, silver); fur trapping Instructions: In groups of three, create a map demonstrating the differences between the north, south, and west in 19th century United States. Each of you will have a different region. Draw pictures, write information, then put the sections together on a large piece of construction paper. Red textbook: Chapter 15 Grey textbook: pages 234-237 ROAD TO WAR

Sectionalism Dred Missouri Election Compromise Compromise of Kansas-Nebraska Act

Uncle John of 1860 Secession 1850 Wilmot Scott Decision Proviso Toms Cabin

Browns Raid Confederacy Fort Sumter ISSUE: Will the new territories in the west be slave states or free states? NORTH v. SOUTH

MISSOURI COMPROMISE 1820 ROAD to WAR Sectionalism A strong loyalty to a particular region of the country Personal identification with a section of the U.S. instead of the whole nation ROAD to WAR

WILMOT PROVISO proposed by David Wilmot a bill to outlaw slavery in western territories Never became a law, but it escalated the debate between slave and free states (north and south)

ROAD to WAR WILMOT South John PROVISO does not agree C. Calhoun, senator from South Carolina, argued that all states should have the right to decide slavery on their own John C. Calhoun

Sam the Eagle Then the U.S. Mexican War happened 1848 ROAD to WAR Compromise of 1850 HENRY CLAY (negotiated the plan in Congress) Five Part Plan

1. California free state 2. New Mexico & Utah will decide slavery by popular sovereignty 3. Slave trade outlawed in D.C. 4.

Fugitive Slave Act 5. Settles border dispute between Texas and New Mexico HENRY CLAY HENRY ROAD to WAR Compromise

of 1850 Five part plan 1. California = free state 2. New Mexico and Utah territories will decide slavery issue by popular sovereignty 3. D.C. ends slavery in the capital

4. Fugitive Slave Act 5. Settle border dispute between Texas and New Mexico HENRY CLAY ROAD to WAR Fugitive Slave Act all citizens (north and south) are

required to report runaway slaves Anyone caught helping fugitive slave would be fined or imprisoned Forced northerners to be participants in slavery 185 4 NEBRASK A TERRITOR

Y KANSAS TERRITOR Y ROAD to WAR Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) Congress repealed the Missouri Compromise and

allowed two territories, Kansas and Nebraska, to decide whether or not to allow slavery in those territories popular sovereignty ROAD to WAR Kansas-Nebraska Proposed Act (1854) by Stephen Douglas Allowed two new states, Kansas and

Nebraska, to vote( popular sovereignty) to either become a free or slave state Many northerners were unhappy with the Kansas-Nebraska Act because it went against the Missouri Compromise ROAD to WAR Kansas-Nebraska Tensions Act (1854) Build in Kansas Pro-slavery and antislavery settlers moved into the Kansas territory

Many farmers from neighboring states moved to the territory in hopes of spreading slavery to the territory ROAD to WAR Bleeding Kansas Kansas had become a place of violence as pro and anti slavery forces fought over the states future. By 1859, many people had been killed giving it the nickname Bleeding Kansas

This was a small taste of the violence to come with the Civil War What if a slave moved to a free state with his owner? Would this make him free? ROAD to WAR Dred Scott Slave that was from Missouri and

had lived in Illinois and Wisconsin (two free states) After Scott returned to Missouri, his owner died This issue led to the Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford Dred Scott sued for his freedom because he had lived in free states

ROAD to WAR Dred Case Scott Decision reaches the Supreme Court Decision Dred Scott still a slave (even

though he had lived on free soil) Slaves are not citizens, so Dred Scott cannot sue Congress has no power to prohibit slavery in any territory ROAD to WAR New

Political Party 1854 anti-slavery politicians form the Republican Party formed to oppose the pro-slavery politics of the Whigs and Democrats main goal was to keep slavery out of western territories

One of the first Republicans Abraham Lincoln ROAD to WAR 1858 Senate race in Illinois Stephen A. Douglas (Democrat) v Abraham Lincoln (Republican) VIDEO ROAD to WAR 1858 Senate race in Illinois Stephen A. Douglas (Democrat) v Abraham Lincoln (Republican)

Douglas: Disliked slavery, but believed popular sovereignty should decide the issue Won the election against Lincoln in this senate race Lincoln: Believed slavery to be morally wrong

a house divided against itself cannot stand (from the Bible) Lost this election, but gained popularity for future presidential race ROAD to WAR 1860 Presidential Race Big

issue leading up to election: would the United States break up? Issue of slavery causes the Democratic party to split pro-popular sovereignty: Stephen Douglas pro-slavery: John C. Breckenridge Moderates:

John Bell Republicans nominate Abraham Lincoln to run for President ELECTION OF 1860

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