DISABILITY SERVICES: Transitioning From Public School to Higher Education PSE Capacity-Building Summit March 23, 2012 THE LAW! Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA Amendments Act NC Bill 866
504 & ADA. ..are civil rights statutes designed to prevent discrimination against students with disabilities. Section 504 4 Forbids discrimination against persons with disabilities by programs and activities receiving federal funds 4 First civil rights statute
designed to prevent discrimination against persons with disabilities Section 504 The objective of 504 is to ensure that people with disabilities have opportunities and access to the benefits of all federally funded programs and activities.
Americans with Disabilities Act 4 Requires that people with disabilities not be excluded from participation in, or be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination. 4 Does not require the institution receive federal financial assistance. ADA
4 Provides clear enforceable standards addressing discrimination against individuals with disabilities by ensuring the federal government plays a significant role. Implications of 504 & ADA 4 Those who have qualified
for admissions have a right to be in higher education. 4 Once admitted, students have a right to access academic and nonacademic programs. Implications of 504 & ADA 4 Qualified students are
eligible to receive reasonable accommodations that relate to their disabilities. 4 Students have a right to confidentiality of all disability related information. 4 Guarantees ACCESS - NOT success! ADA Amendments Act Senate Bill S. 3406 broadens coverage of the ADA and
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act in four key areas. Definition of disability gives broader coverage and includes episodic and remission impairments Major life activities includes learning, thinking, concentrating, bodily functions, etc Mitigating circumstances cant consider auxiliary aids, learned behavior, assistive devices, etc Individuals regarded as disabled does not have to limit or be perceived to limit a major life activity. NC - Senate Bill 866 Guarantees the right to
persons with disabilities in accessing electronic information, including web sites, computers in public libraries, etc. This bill requires compliance by municipalities, counties, community colleges, universities and any agencies in state government.
DOCUMENTATION Documentation Purpose. To establish that an individual has a disability To describe and document the functional impact of the disability for use in establishing the need for and design of accommodations
Documentation o As suggested by the Association of Higher Education and Disabilities (AHEAD) Should include. The credentials of the diagnosing professionals Statement identifying the disability, date of the most current diagnostic evaluation, and the date of the original diagnosis
Description of the diagnostic tests, methods, and/or criteria used Documentation Description of the current functional impact of the disability which includes specific test results and the examiners interpretation Description of the expected progression or stability of the impact of the disability over time Description of current and past
accommodations, services and/or medications Recommendations for accommodations, adaptive devices, assistive services, compensatory strategies, and/or collateral support service ACCOMMODATIONS Accommodations Purpose is not to improve chances of being
successful, but rather to assure equal access to the opportunity, allowing the student to show whether he/she can be successful Guarantees access, not success. Accommodations Colleges must look at each individual disability and the functional impact of the disability for each student. (case-by-case and class-byclass) Colleges must provide
reasonable accommodations to ensure equal access. Accommodations The process of making accommodations should... follow institutional policies and procedures Syllabus statement (college policy?) involve personnel from the Disability Services Office ...not allow for individuals to make
decisions concerning reasonable accommodations without regard to campus policy and at the exclusion of the Disability Services Office Salome Heyward, 1998 Accommodations give primary consideration to the students request ADA, Title II, Part 35, Subpart E, Sec. 35.160 (2)
In determining what type of auxiliary aid and service is necessary, a public entity shall give primary consideration to the requests of the individual with disabilities. communicate with faculty make sure the accommodation is reasonable. Accommodations An accommodation is not reasonable if it
causes... a direct threat to the health and safety to others a substantial change in an essential element of curriculum a substantial alteration in the manner in which services are provided an undue financial or administrative burden Accommodations Examples of reasonable accommodations...
Extended time for tests (allowing a specific amount of extra time allows the student to focus on the test not the clock, and lessens the chance that anxiety or other symptoms will interfere with performance) Tape recorders/laptop computers Visual aids/handouts Concise oral instructions Reading list in advance Seating in front row Accommodations Clear black print on white or pale yellow paper Advance notice of class scheduling change
Computer software to enlarge print Notetakers Closed circuit TV Interpreters Flexible attendance Instructions and demonstrations presented in more than one way TRANSITION ISSUES IDEA IDEA requirements apply to state
education agencies, school districts and other public agencies that serve IDEA eligible children. Institutions of postsecondary education have no legal obligations under IDEA. Dear Colleague Letter, March 16, 2007 Documentation College Varies depending on Public School
I.E.P. school provides evaluation at no cost to student School retests over time the disability and must include testing documentation Student must provide the
evaluation at his own expense Student provides retesting Responsibilities High Schools Student Identified by school School sets up accommodations
Parent Has access to student records Participates in accommodations Mandatory involvement College Student Self-identifies to Disability Services
Office Responsible for securing accommodations Parent No access to student records without consent Student requests accommodations Student is selfadvocate Responsibilities
High School Instructor Modification of curriculum Use of multisensory approach Weekly testing, mid-term, final and graded assignments Attendance taken and reported
College Instructor Not required to modify curriculum Multi-sensory not required. Lecture is predominant May test sporadically Attendance often not taken but student can be
dropped after missing 10% Grades & Conduct High School Grades modified based on curriculum Disruptive conduct may be accepted
College Grades reflect the quality of work submitted Student who are disruptive and unable to abide by the colleges code of conduct are deemed not qualified
and can be dismissed Summary College ADA & 504 are about High School IDEA is about Success High school is mandatory and free
Access Postsecondary is voluntary and expensive Resources http://telr.osu.edu/fame/ http://www.arcc.mnscu.edu/studentservices/ disabilities_guide.cfm http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/adahom1.htm http://www.ahead.org/ http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/
index.html Karen Yerby Associate Director Student Development Services NCCCS 919-807-7107 [email protected]
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