How are they transmitted? An exchange of body fluids of an infected person (semen or female ejaculatory fluids) Genital contact, skin/mucous membranes
with an infected person Direct contact w/ open sores Mother to baby before birth, during, or breast feeding Key
F = females M = males I = infants Asymptomatic showing no signs or symptoms of the disease or
infection. Epidemic the large occurrence or display of a disease/infection, more then predicted Bacteria
Most of these STIs can be cured if detected in early stages: 1. Chlamydia 2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 3. Gonorrhea 4. Syphilis
1. Chlamydia Symptoms often none; (F & M) painful urination, discharge or bleeding from reproductive organs
Treatment both partners require antibiotics If Untreated (F) infertility, pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy; (M) injure reproductive organs, swollen and tender testicles ; (I) illness, blindness
2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Inflammation of the upper reproductive
tract Females only! Symptoms pain in the pelvic region,
vaginal discharge, long painful menstruation, spotting, fever, painful urination, nausea Treatment antibiotics, but this will not repair scar tissue If untreated damage to fallopian tubes or
uterus, making conception difficult, ectopic pregnancy, or chronic pelvic pain 3. Gonorrhea Infects the mucous membranes Known as The Clap
Symptoms often none; (F) painful urination, vaginal discharge or bleeding, pain in the abdomen or pelvic region (M) painful urination or discharge from the penis Treatment antibiotics, although this is very
difficult to treat If Untreated (F) PID (M) scarring of the urethra with makes urination difficult and painful, swelling of the testicles, infertility (I) blindness, joint infection, life-threatening blood infections
4. Syphilis Symptoms Occur in phases Phase I: painless ulcer or chancres. Phase II: fever, rash, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, muscle aches. Phase III: heart and nervous system
damage, blindness and loss of mental abilities, death Treatment antibiotics or shot can only be cured if caught in early stages If Untreated (F & M) mental and physical disabilities, premature death (I) premature
birth, severe mental disabilities, deafness, death Viral The following STIs will live with you FOREVER! Although there are treatments to lessen
the outbreaks, these viruses will always be in your body. 1. Human Papilloma Virus 2. Herpes 3. Hepatitis 4. HIV/AIDs
1. Human Papilloma Virus HPV Symptoms often none (F & M) genital and anal warts (white raised bumps resembling cauliflower), (F) abnormal Pap Smear (a
screening for cervical cancer) Treatment NO CURE warts can be treated by surgical removal (freezing or electrolysis) but will often return
HPV Vaccine - developed to prevent cervical cancer and genital warts
o Given in 3 rounds If Untreated (F) higher risk for developing cervical cancer 11,000 a year and approximately 3,600 will die from this disease
around the mouth (HSV2) very mild symptoms or none, red bumps, blisters, recurrent sores on or around the genitals, fever with first infection, swollen lymph nodes Treatment NO CURE antiviral meds can
shorten outbreaks and frequency If Untreated (F & M) remain infected for life (I) infections of the liver, brain, skin, eyes, mouth, and death 3. Hepatitis
Multiple simplexes (strands) B & C are transmitted sexually A & D are transmitted through the exchange of blood Symptoms (F & M) yellowing of the skin,
eyes, tiredness, muscle aches, fever, loss of appetite, darkening of the urine Treatment NO CURE for B & C, option is a liver transplant If Untreated (F & M) liver damage, liver failure, liver cancer, premature death
Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is highly contagious and can spread from person to person in many different settings. It typically causes only a
mild illness, and many people who are infected may never realize they are sick at all. The virus almost always goes away on its own and does not cause long-term liver damage.
Hepatitis A: How is it spread? Hepatitis A usually spreads through contaminated food or water. Food can be tainted when it's touched by an infected person who did not wash his hands after
using the bathroom. This transfers tiny amounts of infected stool to the food. Raw shellfish, fruits, vegetables, and undercooked foods are common culprits in hepatitis A outbreaks. The virus can also spread in daycare centers if employees aren't careful
about washing hands after changing diapers. Treatment: Hepatitis A Hepatitis A almost always goes away on its own, and no medication is needed. If
nausea is a problem, try eating several small meals throughout the day instead of three large ones. Drink water, juice, or sports drinks to stay hydrated. And avoid strenuous exercise until you're feeling better.
Hepatitis B Many adults who get hepatitis B have mild symptoms for a short time and then get better on their own. But some people are
not able to clear the hepatitis B virus from the body, which causes a long-term infection. Nearly 90% of infants who get the virus will carry it with them for life. Over time, chronic hepatitis B can lead to serious problems such as liver damage, liver
failure, and liver cancer. Hepatitis B: How is it spread? You can get hepatitis B through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected
person. In the U.S., hepatitis B is most often spread through unprotected sex. It's also possible to get hepatitis B by sharing an infected person's needles, razors, or toothbrush. And an infected mother can pass the virus to her baby during childbirth.
Hepatitis B is not spread by hugging, sharing food, or coughing. Treatment: Hepatitis B The goal of treating chronic hepatitis B is to
control the virus and keep it from damaging the liver. This begins with regular monitoring for signs of liver disease. Antiviral medications may help, but not everyone can take them or needs to be on medication. Be sure to discuss the risks and
benefits of antiviral therapy with your doctor. Hepatitis C About 25% of people who get hepatitis C
defeat the virus after an acute infection. The rest will carry the virus in their body for the long term. Chronic hepatitis C can cause very serious complications, including liver failure and liver cancer. Fortunately, there are ways to manage the virus and
reduce its impact on the liver. Hepatitis C: How does it spread? Hepatitis C spreads through infected blood. In the U.S., sharing needles or "works" to
inject drugs is the most common cause of infection. Getting a tattoo or body piercing with an infected needle is another means of exposure. A mother may pass the virus to her child at birth. In rare cases, unprotected sex spreads hepatitis C, but
the risk appears small. Having multiple sex partners, HIV, or rough sex seems to increase risk for spreading hepatitis C. Treatment: Hepatitis C The most common treatment for chronic
hepatitis C is a combination of antiviral medications called interferon and ribavirin. Interferon is given as a shot and ribavirin is a pill. Studies suggest this combination can cure or control hepatitis C in about half of
patients. But it can cause serious side effects. In addition, not everyone needs treatment. Your doctor will explain your options based on how active the virus is. 4. HIV
Primarily infects cells of the immune system
and causes AIDS Develops in stages Symptoms (F & M) Phase I initial exposure to 10yrs or more; fatigue, weight loss, fever,
diarrhea. Phase II Phase I symptoms and swollen lymph nodes, forgetfulness, difficulty thinking. Phase III weakened immune system, weight loss Treatment NO CURE a combination of drugs can delay the start of serious
symptoms If Untreated malnutrition, loss of mobility, pneumonia, tuberculosis, cancer, premature death Kaposi's Sarcoma tumor:
Kaposi's Sarcoma is a type of cancer. It most commonly appears on the skin but it may also affect internal organs, particularly the lymph nodes, the mouth, the lungs, the stomach and the bowel. The symptoms that show up are nodules or blotches, ranging in color from brown or brown-red to reddish purple. Parasites Small mites that can easily be spread:
1. Pubic Lice 2. Scabies 3. Trichomoniasis 1. Pubic Lice Also known as Crabs
Strand of lice found in pubic hair Symptoms intense itching in the pubic area, appearance of rust color dots in the skin Treatment medication to kill lice. Infected
individuals must wash clothes and linens in hot water to kill eggs If Untreated skin damage and blue spotting by the hair follicle from bites 2. Scabies
Tiny mites that burrow into the skin Spread through skin to skin contact Symptoms intense itching in the infected area, wavy lines will develop in skin from borrowing
Treatment medication to kill mites. Infected individuals must wash clothes and linens to kill eggs If Untreated skin damage 3. Trichomoniasis
Also known as Trick Protozoan; single celled Symptoms (F) itching in genital area, discharge from the vagina, painful urination (M) usually NONE
Treatment cured with a prescribed medicine If Untreated (F) bladder and urethral infection (M) inflamed urethra (I) premature You may be at high risk if You have had more than 1 sex partner in
your life You know or suspect your partner has had sex with other partners You have had oral, vaginal, or anal sex without using barrier methods of protection
You have shared IV drug needles or have had sex with someone that has You have had a STI in the past Being Responsible Seek help right away
Finish FULL COURSE of medicine Follow up testing Avoid ALL sexual activity while being treated Notify ALL sexual partners
Wednesday Nov. 6 Have on your desk your STI charts and something to write with Also if you have your class syllabus I
will collect it today and Monday for extra credit. It my physically be put in my hand for it to be counted for extra credit. Last day MONDAY!! Post Assessment Bring all of your notes for this class!!
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