שקופית 1 - kas.de

Economic Development and Regional Economic Cooperation An Israeli Perspective Dan Catarivas Economic Transformation and Social Change in the Middle East Berlin, December 2007 Goods & Services Export Development (including diamonds , B $) 63 58 Services Goods 19.5 43.5 1980

1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 *2006 Israels

Israels Free Free Trade Trade Agreements Agreements E.F.T.A Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein Canada E.U. U.S.A (27 Countries) Turkey Mexico ISRAEL MERCOSUR* Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay , Paraguay Israel implements 6 FTAs with 35 countries, Allowing products to

Israeli Export, Excluding Diamonds )2006) North America 33% West Europe (EU + EFTA) 34% East Europe 7% South America 4% Africa 3% Total of $30.61Bn Asia & Far East 15% Israeli Import, Excluding Diamonds )2006) North America

14% West Europe (EU + EFTA) 42% East Europe 5% South America 2% Africa 1% Total of $38.73Bn Asia & Far East 19% Israeli IsraeliExport Exportby bySectors, Sectors, Excluding ExcludingDiamonds, Diamonds,2006 2006

Vehicles & transport equipment ; 5% Base metals & articles Plastics & rubber; 4% thereof; 7% Optical, photographic & medical instruments; 9% chemicals 4% Mineral products; 10% Textiles ; 3% Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco; 3% Machinery & electrical equipment; 26% Other commodities; 29% Israeli IsraeliImport

Importby bySectors, Sectors, Excluding ExcludingDiamonds, Diamonds,2006 2006 Machinery, electrical equipmentir parts 26% Vehicles & transport equipment 9% Other commodities 16% Base metals & articles thereof 8% Mineral products 20% foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco 3%

Optical, photographic & medical instruments 5% Textiles 5% Plastics & rubber 6% Israeli Palestinian bilateral trade (millions us$, Including Diamonds, Gas & Fuel) 2,500 total palestinian import import from israell export 2,000 2,052 1,854 1,800

1,803 1,740 1,482 1,500 1,300 1,339 1,355 1,359 1,257 1,438 1,302 1,177 979 982

1,000 500 1,991 850 382 457 360 370 273 216 256 550 314 1998 1999

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Egyptian EgyptianExport Exportto toIsrael Israelby bySectors, Sectors, Excluding ExcludingDiamonds, Diamonds,(Millions (MillionsofofUSD USD((2006

2006 Total: 93 M USD Chemicals, 20, 22% Other, 28, 31% foodstuffs, beverages, 5, 5% Plastics & rubber , 14, 15% Vegetable products, 6, 6% Textiles , 6, 6% Minerals, 14, 15% Jordanian JordanianExport Exportto toIsrael Israelby bySectors, Sectors, Excluding ExcludingDiamonds, Diamonds,(Millions (MillionsofofUSD

USD((2006 2006 Total: 38 M USD Chemicals, 11.4, 31% Base metals , 6.1, 16% Textiles , 5.4, 14% Other, 8.6, 23% Plastics & rubber , 2.4, 6% fats & oils, 3.7, 10% Israeli IsraeliExport Exportto toEgypt Egyptby bySectors, Sectors, Excluding ExcludingDiamonds, Diamonds,(Millions (MillionsofofUSD USD((2006 2006 Total: 127 M USD

Textiles , 56, 45% Other, 13, 10% Machinery 5, 4% Chemicals, 27, 21% Plastics & rubber , 9, 7% Wood &Paper, 17, 13% Israeli IsraeliExport Exportto toJordan Jordanby bySectors, Sectors, Excluding ExcludingDiamonds, Diamonds,(Millions (MillionsofofUSD USD((2006 2006 Total: 136 M USD Other, 31.80 , 30%

Paper, 25.8, 24% Textiles , 20.2, 19% Plastics & rubber , 13.8, 13% Machinery & electrical equipment, Israeli IsraeliExport Exportto toMorocco Moroccoby bySectors, Sectors, Excluding ExcludingDiamonds, Diamonds,(Millions (MillionsofofUSD USD((2006 2006 Total Export: 11.5 M USD ; Total Import: 1.8 M USD Chemicals, 6.6, 58%

Other, 0.7, 6% Plastics & rubber , 0.6, 5% Machinery 3.6, 31% Intra IntraRegional RegionalTrade Trade2006 2006 59.0% 60% 53.9% 50% 40% 27.2% 30% 13.5% 20% 7.5%

10% 0% EU 15 NAFTA ASEAN MERCOSUR MIDDLE EAST Mutual Interest in the New Economic Order Main Incentives for Cooperation Economic Efficiency Decreasing dependence on other Trade blocks and Multi National Corporations Larger Purchasing Markets Reluctant and ineffective ENP policy Stronger Economic block in front of NAFTA, EU, ASEAN, MERCOSUR Stronger Economic Block in the WTO and other Multinational Forums Complementarity

Areas of Cooperation Low Tech Industries Advanced Agriculture Environmental Friendly Technologies Infrastructure (Railroads, Optic Fibers, Etc.) Water Treatment Communications and IT Transportation Win Win Situation Developing economic agenda for the region and for Arab-Israeli Relations Focus on mutual Economic gains separately from Political Issues Contact Details Division of Foreign Trade and International Relations T: 972-3-5198814 F: 972-3-5198785 W: www.industry.org.il

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