Short Story - SMITH

Short Story - SMITH

y r o t S t r o h S ee

K c M ep r . P s e Mr g e

Coll th Grade 9 What is a Short Story? A short story is : a brief work of fiction where, usually, the main character faces a conflict that is worked out in the plot of the story. Character Character a person in a story, poem or play. Types of Characters:

Round- fully developed, has many different character traits Flat- stereotyped, one-dimensional, few traits Static Does not change Dynamic Changes as a result of the story's events Characterization Direct characterization: The author directly states what the characters personality is like. Indirect characterization: Showing a characters personality through his/her

actions, thoughts, feelings, words, appearance or other characters observations or reactions Protagonist vs. Antagonist Protagonist is the main character of the story that changes (death is not a change) the most important character changes and grows because of experiences in the story Antagonist opposes the protagonist and does not change Types of antagonists include: people, nature and society.

Conflict A struggle between two opposing forces Internal takes place in a characters own mind Man vs. Him(Her)self External a character struggles against an outside force Man vs. Man Man vs. Nature Man vs. Society Man vs. Supernatural

What is the Plot? Exposition: Section that introduces characters, the setting, and conflicts. Setting: The time and place of the storys action Rising Action: The main characters take action to resolve their problems but are met with further problems. Climax: The turning point in the story: the high point of interest and suspense Falling Action: All events following the climax or turning point in the story. These events are a result of the action taken at the climax. Resolution (Denouement): The end of the central conflict: it shows how the situation turns out and ties up loose ends.

Literary Devices Theme: The central message or insight into life revealed through a literary work. Flashback: The present scene in the story is interrupted to flash backward and tell what happened in an earlier time. Foreshadowing: Clues the writer puts in the story to give the reader a hint of what is to come. Symbol: An object, person, or event that functions as itself, but also stands for something more than itself. Figurative Language

Simile: Compares two unlike things using like or as. Metaphor: Compares two unlike things (not using like or as). Irony: A contrast between expectation and reality. Verbal Irony: saying one thing but meaning something completely different. Situational Irony: a contradiction between what we expect to happen and what really does happen. Dramatic Irony: occurs when the reader knows something important that the characters in the story do not know. Figurative Language Personification: Giving human qualities to non-human

things. Allusion: Reference to a statement, person, a place, or events from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics or sports. Suspense: Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story. Imagery: Language that appeals to the senses.

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