Sight Singing - St. Francis Preparatory School

Sight Singing - St. Francis Preparatory School

Sight Singing AP Music Theory Mr. Silvagni Sight Singing Trains your brain to recognize and understand the relationships between notes Use of solfge syllables helps to recognize those relationships Solmization a system of designating notes by solfge Solfeggio term for the method of sight singing using these syllables Movable-Do System

When singing any scale, the first scale degree will be Do Compare to Fixed-Do system where the note C is always Do Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Di = major scale degrees 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 No matter what key youre in, the first scale degree will be Do No matter what mode you use, first scale degree will be Do Major Scale Warm-ups

Major Scale Tonic arpeggio Diatonic ascending intervals Diatonic descending intervals

Scale in thirds Arpeggiated chords Arpeggiated chords with V7 Scale degree finder exercise Resolution exercise Review of top ten melodic patterns in major *Exercises are found in Barrons Review Book Singing Minor Scales We use parallel minor solfge alterations to sing minor in order to keep Do as scale degree 1 Compare to La-based minor (uses relative minor) where La becomes 1 (similar to Fixed-Do)

Do Re Me Fa Sol Le Te Do = natural minor scale degrees 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Do Re Me Fa Sol Le Ti Do = harmonic minor scale degrees 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Do Re Me Fa Sol La Ti Do = melodic minor scale degrees 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Ti and La return to Te and Le when descending Minor Scale Warm-ups

3 Minor Scales Tonic arpeggio Diatonic ascending intervals (harmonic) Diatonic descending intervals (natural) Scale in thirds (melodic) Arpeggiated chords (harmonic) Arpeggiated chords with V7 (harmonic)

Scale degree finder exercise (harmonic) Resolution exercise (harmonic) Review of top ten melodic patterns in major *Exercises are found in Barrons Review Book Chromatic Scale Do Di Re Ri Mi Fa Fi Sol Si La Li Ti Do ascending chromatic scale Do Ti Te La Le Sol Se Fa Mi Me Re Ra Do descending chromatic scale Most important syllable is Fi because it impies V/V chord, which will appear on one of the sight singing examples

Si and Di may also appear AP Sight Singing Two sight singing examples One melody will be in treble clef and one will be in bass clef One melody will be in simple meter and one will be in compound meter One melody will be in a major key and one melody will be in a minor key Melody 2 is usually more complex than melody 1 You will have 75 seconds to prepare and practice, and 30 seconds to record your performance

Tips 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Check the clef Check the key signature Check the time signature Consider the range and determine where to set Do Always know where Do is and be able to return to it even if you get lost 6. Sing a warm-up exercise beforehand

7. Look for familiar melodic patterns 8. Use a pencil to circle tonics or write out the solfge for a section or chunk youre unsure of 9. Sing up the scale to find pitches youre unsure of or for difficult intervals 10.Practice the melody out loud, use the entire allotted time More specific tips 1. Sing every day Make up your own vocal exercises and practice them Sing something in major and then in minor Practice all the warm ups from class and the textbooks

Try to combine exercises Keep changing keys More specific tips 2. Have a strategy Use the same singing system consistently Do not stop singing if lostif youre lost with the solfge, drop the syllables and use something else Plan for mistakes 3. Perform with a steady tempo and a slower tempo You earn one point for not hesitating (flow point) No extra credit for singing quickly The faster you sing, the less time you have to think

More specific tips 4. Be rhythmically accurate Give full durational value to the rhythms, particularly the last notethey will take credit away 5. Know your own range and the range of the example You can sing in a different key if you so choose Sing in any octave you wish More specific tips 6. A little about scoring

Graded in half-measure segments 4 measures = 8 points + flow point = 9 total Pitch and rhythm must be correct to earn point Alternate scoring possible if you earn less than 4 points Can be up to 4 points with all correct pitch

Can be up to 2 points with all correct rhythm Singing Examples Barrons AP Music Theory Music for Sight Singing Melodia Some internet or teacher created examples

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