Sikhism: An Introduction - [email protected]

Sikhism: An Introduction SikhIllustration Society in Netherlands inting by Inkquisitive http://www.facebook.com/InkquisitiveIllustration www.sikhs.nl Sikhism Sikhism comes from the word Sikh- Disciple Is a distinct and unique religion, not a sect of Hinduism or Islam Guru is made from two words: Gu (dispeller of ignorance) and ru (bringer of enlightenment) Gurdwara - House of worship (Sikh Temple) Waheguru One of the Name of God/Almighty Khalsa - belonging to the divine, Pure Guru Granth Sahib ji - The Spiritual Scripture of Sikhs Mool Mantar Basic Tenet(s) There is but one God

True is his name The Creator, without fear, without enmity Timeless, Without birth i.e. unborn and Self illumined Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Ten Gurus (Religious Teachers) - One Eternal Light Guru Guru Guru Guru Guru Guru Guru Guru Guru Guru

Nanak Dev Ji Angad Dev Ji Amar Das Ji Ram Das Ji Arjan Dev Ji Hargobind Ji Har Rai Ji Harkrishan Ji Tegh Bhadur Ji Gobind Singh Ji Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl THE FIRST MASTER Guru Nanak Dev ji (1469 - 1539) Founder of the Sikhism based on Equality & justice

for all Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl THE TENTH MASTER Guru Gobind Singh ji Father Martyred to protect the Right of Freedom of Religion Created the Sikh Nation: Khalsa legion of the pure with Saint/Soldier qualities to protect anyone from oppression and injustice Amrit - Baptism Ceremony in 1699 Prescribed the 5 Articles of Faith Declared Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru and ultimate spiritual

authority for the Sikhs. Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Guru Granth Sahib Ji Compiled by the Sikh Gurus themselves Guru Granth Sahib ji revered as living Master Any member, male or female, of the congregation can read from Guru Granth Sahib Ji. All religious activity of the Sikhs are focused upon and revolves around the Spiritual Scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib. Contains teachings of the Gurus and also other Muslim and Hindu saints

Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Sikh Beliefs Origin of universe is from ONE eternal light source One god/creator - ALL humans created equal Men and Women have same rights Human life - a precious blessing All carry a spark of divine light: consequently no race, pigmentation, gender, is intrinsically superior to others We are to behave as Role Models for those around us

Freedom and Liberty for all - Protect yours and others rights Truth, fearless, non-hateful spirit are important in attaining salvation Justice and liberty for all Only Those who practice LOVE obtain God Respect for all Religions Equality of all faiths, caste, creed, race, and all are welcome to the Gurudwara Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Values & Practices

Sarbat da bhalla : Welfare unto all Seva: Daily selfless service to humanity Service to god through selfless service to humanity and Gods creation. Vand Chakna: sharing with the needy Kirat Karniyee: Honest Labor Honest earnings by hard work Do not become burden on the society Daily Prayers & Meditation

Bhai Kanhayia pioneer of the Red Cross & humanitarian aide organizations Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Behold All Human Race as One The Hymns of Muslim, Hindu and socalled lower caste saints were incorporated into Guru Granth Sahib ji alongside Sikh Gurus Hymns without any kind of distinction. A Sikh (Bhai Kanhaiya Ji) serving water to friend and foes alike in the battlefield. LANGAR Free Community Kitchen The tradition of Langar (wherein everyone sit together and share a meal after services regardless of social class or whether they are

rich or poor) expresses the ideals of equality, sharing and the Oneness of all humankind Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Practices & Dress Code No magic: antidote for evil is to remember God (recite His name) No rituals. No superstitions. No statues or idol worship Sikh men and women keep uncut hair Dress code given by tenth Guru: Guru Gobind Singh, as a form of identity and uniqueness. Sikhs wear the five Ks: Kesh (unshorn hair) Kanga (small comb) Kara (iron bangle) Kirpaan (symbolic sword) Kachera (underpants)

Color of turban is personal preference Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl The Five Ks (Unique Identity - Discipline & Spirituality) Kesh: uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to demonstrate their Love and obedience to their faith. Kachera: undershot to represent modesty & fidelity Kanga: wooden comb to keep uncut hair neat and clean Kara : bracelet, made of steel worn on dominant hand : a reminder of noble actions, a symbol of eternity Kirpaan: ceremonial knife symbolizing freedom, liberty and justice Never to be used as an offensive weapon DONTs

Shaving or cutting of Hair Eating Halal ( Kutta ) meat Adultery Use of tobacco or intoxicants (Smoking, Drugs, Alcohol etc) Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Turban - The Heritage & Pride of Sikhs 99% of people wearing turbans in United States are Sikhs Covers long, uncut hair Approx. 15 feet of cloth wrapped

neatly around the head every time it is put on Symbolizes discipline, integrity, humility, and spirituality Religious requirement - must be worn at all times in public Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Sikhism and Women Rights Spiritual scripture ( Guru Granth Sahib ) mandate women must be respected and treated as equal to man Sikh Gurus rejected the old myth of females being inferior to men. Sikh followers are instructed not to associate with those who discriminate against Women

Sikh Women can do everything Both men and women are considered capable of reaching the highest levels of spirituality Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Gurus Lead by Example Honest labor and work ("Kirat karni") are the approved way of life in Sikhism. Bhai Lehna ji working with Guru Nanak Dev ji in the fields Community Service - Helping the poor and

needy Equal Right to Women Guru Amardas ji conferred equal status on Men & Women Guru Arjan Dev ji (5th Guru) serving the lepers Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl Appearance Male Female Sikh Society in Netherlands

Most of the images are collected via Google Images www.sikhs.nl Sikhs In The United States Sikhs have been a part of the American populace for more than 130 years Majority of Sikhs came from India There are over 500,000 Sikh Americans Each states of USA at least have one or more Gurudwara (Sikh Temple) Around 99% people wearing turbans in USA are Sikhs. Sikh Society in Netherlands

www.sikhs.nl Visit a Gurdwara Harmander Sahib (also known as Golden Temple): It has four entrances: symbolizing people of any faith, any race are welcomed and encouraged to attend the services. This concept underscores the peaceful co-existence with all other religions and people. Daily prayer ends with asking God for the good of all humanity Worshipers of both sexes remove their shoes and cover their heads before entering the Gurdwara, to show respect to teachings of Guru. Sikh Society in Netherlands

www.sikhs.nl Learn more about Sikh Community www.Sikhs.nl ( Dutch ) www.Sikh-religion.de ( German ) www.Sikhs.org (English) www.Sikh.dk (Danish) www.Sikhnet.com ( English ) Sikh Society in Netherlands www.sikhs.nl

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