Six Traits of Writing

Six Traits of Writing

SIX TRAITS OF WRITING English 2019 Ms. Anderson IDEAS AND CONTENT Ideas are:

Ideas are the heart of any piece of writing. Ideas are all about information. In a good creative piece, ideas paint pictures in a readers mind. In an informational piece, strong ideas make the text reader friendly. Clarity and details makes ideas work well. Go beyond the obvious. Be an observant writer.

IDEAS AND CONTENT On your paper, list as many ideas as you can from the picture of the girl. What did you list? Share, please. IDEAS AND CONTENT

On your paper, list as many ideas as you can from the picture of the people. What did you list? Share, please. IDEAS AND CONTENT

On your paper, list as many ideas as you can from the picture of the woods. What did you list? Share, please. IDEAS AND CONTENT

On your paper, list as many ideas as you can from the picture of the house. What did you list? Share, please. IDEAS AND CONTENT Revise the

following sentences and add ideas The man looked kind of funny. Her shoes did not seem to fit. The food did not look good to me.

EXAMPLE SENTENCES IDEAS AND CONTENT Red and orange stripes streaked through the mans Mohawk hair as I stared at the six inch points on top of his head. The bubbling, green slop on the plate didnt look appetizing to eat. The sandal appeared to be two sizes to

small as the woman struggled to put her big toe through the open end. IDEAS Brainstorm List 50 things you could write about in the next five minutes. Number all 50, 1-50. G0!

ORGANIZATION Organization is: The internal structure of the writing piece.

Making sense of your ideas. Strong introductions. This is what hooks your reader. Gather information in chunks. Adding details. Get rid of what you dont need. Transition words Strong conclusions. End with flair. ORGANIZATION Types of organizational

structures Main idea and support Solving the mystery

Comparison and contrast Question and answer Step by step Chronological recounting of events. Visual patterns Points and counterpoints A recurring theme Multiple perspectives SEA SNAKES: CHAMPION DIVERS

Read the sentence excerpts on Sea Snakes. Each sentence is number 1-10. Using the numbers put the sentences in order not numerically, but use the numbers as the identifier. List all ten sentences in correct order using the numbers. VOICE Voice is many things:

Individuality: be yourself. Perspective Expressiveness: Match voice to the purpose. Sensitivity to the audience: Think of who your audience is

Enthusiasm for a topic: Care about it. Confidence: Know your topic. Voice has the power to hold the readers attention and make the reading more enjoyable. VOICE On your own paper describe in 10 words what is missing from this passage.

Sample passage: I was really excited about going. It would be the best day of the summer. We were going to go rafting. My mother, father, brother, and sister got to go. They were excited, too. My dad knew a lot of stuff about rafting. This would be neat. When we got to the river, it looked big. The water was moving fast. I got scared. It turned out to be fun. We ate sandwiches and drank pop. I wore a life jacket and got wet.

It was the best thing I did all summer. VOICE ACTIVITY Eleven by Sandra Cisneros. 1992 As I read the short essay you choose a role: Rachel Mrs. Price Red sweater Rachels mother Phyllis Lopez Sylvia Saldivar

Write down which role you have chosen. Write from the role you chose, a journal entry reflecting your day. WORD CHOICE Word choice is:

Clear Precise Colorful It conveys both the meaning and the attitude of the writer. Strong verbs give writing energy. TIPS FOR SUCCESS IN WORD CHOICE Tips:

Keep a journal. Write down favorite words or things that sound awesome. Collect quotations. Think of another way to say it. Think verbs. Make a picture.

Words only have power when they carry their own weight. ADJECTIVE IN DETAIL ACTIVITY

Title: (The adjective you have selected) ______(adj)is NOT ________ ______(adj)is_____________ ______(adj)is_____________ ______(adj)is_____________ ______(adj)sounds like_____________ ______(adj)sounds like_____________ Another word for ______(adj)is____________ One thing about ______(adj)is_____________ SENTENCE FLUENCY Sentence fluency is:

The rhythm and flow of sentences. The text is easy to read aloud. A variety of sentence lengths. SENTENCE STRUCTURE

Sentences are made up of two parts: Subject Predicate the predicate starts with the verb. Example: John

(subject) comes (predicate/verb) late to class. FOUR TYPES OF SENTENCES Simple Compound

Contains a single, independent clause. Example: Our school basketball team lost their last game of the season 75-68. Contains two independent clauses that are joined by a coordinating conjunction. (FANBOYS)

FOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SO Example: I don't like dogs, and my sister doesn't like cats. FOUR TYPES OF SENTENCES Complex

Contains an independent clause plus one or more dependent clauses. Compound complex Example: She did my homework, while her father cooked dinner.

Contains 3 or more clauses (of which at least two are independent and one is dependent). Example: You can write on paper, but using a computer is better as you can easily correct your mistakes.

WATCH OUT FOR: Run-on sentences: These are two sentences that the writer has not separated with an end punctuation mark, or

has not joined with a conjunction. Example: It's never too late to learn to swim you never know when you may fall from a boat. Breathe? Gracious. WATCH OUT FOR: Sentence fragments:

Fragment sentences are unfinished sentences, i.e. they don't contain a complete idea. Example: I don't think I'm going to get a good grade.

WHY? WATCH OUT FOR: Rambli ng sentenc es: A rambling sentence is a sentence made up of many clauses, often connected by a coordinating conjunction such as and, or, so.

Example: Although the blue whale has been protected for over 30 years and its numbers are increasing, especially in the North Pacific, where whale hunting has been banned, it is still at risk of extinction as its habitat is being polluted by waste from oil tankers and its main food, the plankton, is being killed off by harmful rays from the sun, which can penetrate the earth's atmosphere because there is a huge hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica.

This is exhausting. TIPS FOR SUCCESS IN SENTENCE FLUENCY Tips:

Read aloudlisten to what you have written. Combine sentences. Keep it crisp. Check out those first four words. Are you using the same openers over and over? Dont get breathless. Watch for run-on sentences. SENTENCE COMBINING Combine a series of little, choppy sentences into one smooth sentence:

The tornado struck. It struck without warning. It caused damage. The damage was extensive. Rewrite the sentences into one sentence. Who would like to share their new sentence? SENTENCE WITH CONNECTING WORDS Use connecting words (but, also, nevertheless, however, in addition) to show how ideas relate.

The speaker was young, nervous, and inexperienced. She mesmerized the crowd. Rewrite the two sentences by using a connecting word into one sentence. PRONOUN REFERENCES IN SENTENCES Make all pronoun references clear. When he stuffed the parrot into the cage, it

made an odd squeaky sound. What is wrong in this sentence? AVOID SHIFTS IN VOICE IN SENTENCES Avoid shifts in voice. I was walking down the street on this cold, clear day, and suddenly, you saw this dark cloud on the horizon. What is wrong in this sentence?

AVOID SHIFTS IN NUMBER IN SENTENCES Avoid shifts in number. A person should be careful when they accept a new job. What is wrong with this sentence? CONVENTIONS

Conventions are: Capitalization Spelling Punctuation Paragraphing Grammar Usage

TIPS FOR SUCCESS IN CONVENTIONS Tips: Edit two ways. Edit on

screen first. Edit a hard copyprint it out. Read from the bottom up. Make all rough drafts double spaced. Start in the middle. Use proofreading marks.

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