How did ideas about religion and government influence

How did ideas about religion and government influence

How did ideas about religion and government influence colonial life? 8.11 Describe the significance of and the leaders of the First Great Awakening, and the growth in religious toleration and free exercise of religion. What do you see? Write 3-5 sentences describing what you see/think is happening in this picture.

Read page 121-122 in your text. Your purpose in reading is to determine what the Great Awakening was, who were the important people and why did it happen. Take notes so that you can answer those questions. Before the Great Awakening Before the 1730s, most colonies had two established religions.

Congregationalism was the largest religion in New England (Puritans and other dissidents who broke away from the Church of England). Anglicanism was the largest religion in New York and the Southern colonies (same as the Church of England). 4 The First Great Awakening As the colonies became

more successful, people felt as if they had lost their faith Was a large motivation for founding the colonies Sparked a religious revival known as the Great Awakening A revival of religious feeling in the American colonies during the 1730s and 40s

What was the Great Awakening? George Whitefield preaching Religious revival movement Evangelicism new birth considered the ultimate religious

experience Followers accepted that they were sinners and asked for salvation 6 Old Lights vs. New Lights

Churches that grew as a result of the Great Awakening: Presbyterianism, Methodism, Baptism (New Lights) Great Awakening challenged authority and hierarchy of established churches (Old Lights: Congregationalists and Anglicans) Great Awakening said that anybody could be converted and born again. You didnt need traditional church leadership to decide whether or not you belonged.

7 Leaders of the Great Awakening George Whitefield Jonathan Edwards Weakened the status of old-fashioned churches Encouraged people to use their own judgment and help others

Introduced the ideas of equality and the right to challenge authority People began to feel confident in their own thoughts and decisions Helped contribute to colonists desire for independence and the American Revolution Discuss the following with your table group: Why might the Great Awakening

have unsettled many prominent church leaders of the time? https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=5vKGU3aEGss 8:43 First Great Awakening Encouraged people to use their own

judgment Introduced ideas of equality and challenging authority First Great AwakeningA revival of religious feeling in

the American colonies during the 1730s and 40s Weakened oldfashioned churches Contributed to desire for colonial independence

Take a Stand People must obey their rulers. John Locke Read p. 122-123 Examine the chart at the top of the page. Think/Ink/Share-answer the questions about the chart.

Baron de Montesquieu Finish 123 How did Locke and Montesquieu impact the development of our current government? The Enlightenment Along with religious change, the Enlightenment introduced changes to scientific understanding An intellectual movement that

stressed: Power of reason The importance of science for finding the paths to knowledge Colonists were now open to new scientific ideas The Enlightenment Ben Franklin = Mr. Enlightenment Worked constantly on inventions and on improving society

Libraries, fire company, Franklin stove, lightning rod, bifocals, University of Pennsylvania, etc. John Locke = Natural Rights Did not believe kings had a God-given right to rule People automatically have certain rights (life, liberty, property) To protect those rights, people created governments Government exists to protect the people Led colonists to wonder whether the British government protected their rights and freedoms

Enlightenment People automatically have certain rights (life, liberty, property) John Locke = Natural

Rights Enlightenmentintroduced changes to scientific understanding Government exists to protect people Led colonists to wonder whether

they were being protected

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