INEE Minimum Standards and Education in Emergencies workshop

INEE Minimum Standards and Education in Emergencies workshop

INEE Minimum Standards and Education in Emergencies workshop March 2nd University of Toronto Canada Session 1-1 INEE and the INEE Minimum Standards for Education Session 1-2

Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) Network, not incorporated agency 7000+ members in 170 countries Members: UN, NGOs, Donor Agencies, MOEs, Academic Inst Guidance from the INEE Steering Group & INEE Strategic Plan 5 full-time staff in the INEE Secretariat (NY, Paris, Geneva)

Network Activities Working Groups, Task Teams, Language Communities, Edu Clusters Trainings and capacity development on EiE Policy Roundtables, Global Consultations on EiE, Fragility Issues Knowledge sharing on EiE through website and listservs Tools for practitioners: Jobs in EiE: Join INEE at Definition of Education in Emergencies The provision of quality education opportunities that meet the physical

protection, psychosocial, developmental and cognitive needs of people affected by emergencies, which can be both life-sustaining and life-saving Session 1-4 Education is a RIGHT and Sustains life by: Offering structure, stability and hope for the future Helping to heal bad experiences Building skills, supporting conflict resolution and peace-building

Saves lives by: Protecting against exploitation, harm and rights violations Disseminating vital survival messages and skills (landmine safety, HIV/ AIDS prevention) Reducing maternal mortality The Sphere Project Rwanda & concerns of quality and accountability in humanitarian responses Emphasis on the right to life with dignity Minimum Standards on: o Water, sanitation and hygiene promotion o Food security, nutrition and food aid

o Shelter, settlement and non-food items o Health services INEE-Sphere Companionship Agreement Goal of the INEE Minimum Standards Common starting point to reach a minimum level of educational quality and access Tool to improve coordination and enhance accountability and predictability Tool for capacity-development and training Aid to strengthen the resilience of Ministries of Education Tool to promote education/advocacy

Session 1-7 History of the INEE Minimum Standards Developed through a consultative process in 2003- 4 Updated in 2009 2010 (some modifications) Assessment of the value added of the standards 2011 - 12 Session 1-8

Updated INEE Minimum Standards handbook Strengthening of context analysis and key issues (mainstreaming) INEE Minimum Standards for Education More user friendly Foundational standards Key actions rather than key indicators Coordination standard moved Session 1-9 5 Domains and 19 Standards Domain 1: Foundational Standards Community Participation and Resources

Coordination Assessment, Response, Monitoring and Evaluation Domain 2: Access and Learning Environment Equal access Protection and Well-being Facilities and Services Domain 3: Teaching and Learning Curricular Training, Professional Development and Support Instruction and Learning Processes Assessment of Learning Outcomes Domain 4: Teachers and Other Educational Personnel Recruitment and Selection Conditions of Work

Support and Supervision Domain 5: Education Policy Law and Policy Formulation Planning and Implementation Session 1-10 Standards, Key Actions, Guidance Notes Standards - are what you want to reach. They are qualitative and universal, applicable in any environment. Key Actions - are suggested actions/steps to be taken in order to reach/meet the standard.

Guidance Notes cover points of good practice to consider when applying the minimum standards and adapting the key actions in different situations. Session 1-11 11 Cross-Cutting Issues

Conflict Mitigation Disaster Risk Reduction Early Childhood Development Gender HIV and AIDS Human Rights Inclusive Education Inter-sectoral linkages Protection Psychosocial support

Youth Session 1-12 INEE MSE and the Right to Education The Right to Education even in emergency situations Coherent with human rights as they articulate a universal minimum level of educational quality, access and provision. Designed to complement and help strengthen national standards and laws Session 1-13

INEE MSE and the Education Cluster The INEE MSE are the foundational tool used by the Education Cluster to provide a framework to ensure quality education response The education cluster helps to operationalise the INEE MSE before, during and after emergencies. Session 1-14 The INEE MSE and National Authorities Support to National Authorities is a joint priority for INEE and the Cluster system

Provide technical and operational support for National Authorities to strengthen MOE mechanisms and capacity for response coordination at national and local levels Using the standards to support national standards, laws and policies Sharing learning from EiE practice Session 1-15 The INEE Toolkit The Toolkit contains more than 800 practical, field-friendly tools and resources to guide those working in the field of education in emergencies through to recovery.

This Toolkit includes INEEs primary publications in multiple languages & numerous implementation tools (such as MS Handbook, case studies, articles, etc.) to support their use. Session 1-16 Education in Emergencies Research Session 1-17 Background: EiE Research Early research focused on refugee education

CRC spurred research into conflict affected populations Machel Study on Children Affected by Armed Conflict highlighted specific importance of education Creation of INEE and INEE MS has prompted EiE research but it is an emerging research field Session 1-18 INEE and Research INEE does not conduct research INEE does not fund research BUT INEE is often asked to suggest research

priorities and to provide advice on how to expand the evidence base for the field INEE can connect researchers and practitioners and policy makers In 2009 commissioned the Strategic Research Agenda Session 1-19 INEE Academic Space For academics to share their work with INEE members and the EiE community academic_space/ To share your work (e.g. theses,

dissertations, integrated projects, conference papers, and/or articles), please email [email protected] Session 1-20 The Strategic Research Agenda To engage and connect researchers, practitioners, policymakers and donors working in EiE To build collaborative consensus around research gaps and themes Developed consultatively and will be revised regularly

Currently a static document but will become a searchable web platform Session 1-21 The Strategic Research Agenda Session 1-22 EiE Research coverage and gaps Education in Emergencies: Research

Methodologies Identifying Successes and Gaps Scoping study to map current and past research methodologies used by Academics and Practitioners Identifies unique successes and gaps in evidence base Session 1-23 EiE Research coverage and gaps Most research is; on education in conflict and post conflict settings

is qualitative looks at refugee and IDP populations Session 1-24 EiE Research coverage and gaps Quantitative Research Largely collected to inform EFA agenda Ostby and Urdal (2010) Review of quantitative empirical literature on education and civil conflict Quantitative review focusing on negative effects of education on conflict would be a valuable addition

Burde (2011) Randomised trial Session 1-25 EiE Research coverage and gaps Qualitative Research Primary method Use of observation, case studies, interviews (most common), participatory research with children and visual research Most literature uses mixed methods approach (questionnaires) Wide range of sample sizes Most research short term duration

Session 1-26 Key considerations for research do no harm during and after data collection: clear ethical practices need to be outlined Balancing the North-South power dynamic with varying ideologies, subject positions and case studies Moving from problem solving to critical analysis Session 1-27

Recommendations More research on natural disasters Methodological tools for practitioners Improved ethical practices Application of education theory Long term studies / track patterns over time Session 1-28 Application of the INEE Minimum Standards Session 1-29

Minimum standards assessment key findings What is the value added of the use and application of the INEE MS? Surveys, interviews and focus groups conducted, Nov.-Dec. 2011 Assessment report will be launched in March 2012 Session 1-30 Minimum standards assessment key findings 702 respondents from 117 countries

46% work at national, 22% at international and 14% at regional levels 52% affiliated with the Education Cluster Session 1-31 MS Assessment Survey: Respondents MS Assessment Survey: Respondents What are the INEE Minimum

Standards used for? USAGE % (AND NUMBER OF RESPONDANTS) Advocacy for Education in Emergencies and recognition of education as a key humanitarian response 38% 38 % (264) Disaster/emergency preparedness planning 16% (112)

Monitoring and Evaluation 15% (102) Training or capacity development purposes 15% (102) Proposal Development 14% (95) Project Design

13% (93) How were the Standards used? Types of uses in education programming % (and number) Developing project implementation plan 30% (209)

Incorporated into project proposal 25% (172) Developed a M&E framework 19% (136) Incorporated into work with Ministry of Education 14% (99) As a checklist before finalizing project design

13% (88) Incorporated in the project design linkages and to other sectors 10% (71) To redesign an existing project 6% (42) To redesign projects to meet the INEE MS and request additional funds 4% (30)

In what context have INEE MS been most used? Key Observations Used more in conflict exclusively than in Natural Disaster Not completely skewed to one context Other responses include: Prevention and Mitigation Academic settings

Policy Level, PostConflict (to understand how to support children coming out of conflict/ emergencies and are now in NYC) At what stage of response have INEE MS been most used? Key Observations Choose all that apply question INEE Standards are utilized most during the

Preparedness stage Curious as to why chronic/ protracted emergency is low considering Conflict scored highest above Relatively speaking, they are not used as often during the acute response phase. Could be due to time constraints at the height of an emergency.

How often do you use of INEE MS when planning / implementing work? Key Observations National NGOs and International NGOs using them most frequently Academic Institutions using them less frequently Overall, usage is high How useful have they been?

Overall: Very Useful 38%, Useful 57%, Not Useful 5% Key Observations Profiles across agencies are quite similar High level of usefulness Interestingly, International NGOs scored highest in frequency of use but found them not as useful useful relative to the other groups National NGOs and Academic Institutions

ranked them Very Useful significantly higher than the overall response. Academics, interestingly, used them less frequently in their work though. For National NGOs, they may not have other guidance or reference materials. Examples of applications of the INEE MSE Trainings and capacity development Gaza Strategy development and revision Ethiopia

Education Cluster Contextualisation Haiti, Afghanistan, Vietnam War Child Institutional Plan Monitoring and Evaluation and staff recruitment ROTA Proposal development Egypt and Libya (UNESCO) Proposal review Norway and CIDA Session 1-40 The Education in Emergencies Working Group

Session 1-41

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